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Update. WESTAR Council Meeting, Boise, ID. Patrick Cummins September 26, 2006. Western Governors’ Association. WGA represents the Governors of 19 States and 3 U.S. Flag Pacific Islands. WGA Resolution on Regional and National Policies Regarding Global Climate Change.

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WESTAR Council Meeting, Boise, ID

Patrick CumminsSeptember 26, 2006

Western governors association
Western Governors’ Association

  • WGA represents the Governors of 19 States and 3 U.S. Flag Pacific Islands

Wga resolution on regional and national policies regarding global climate change
WGA Resolution on Regional and National Policies Regarding Global Climate Change

  • Western Governors support local, state, regional, and national programs to reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gases in a manner that:

    • Is consistent with the findings of scientific research

    • Will not significantly harm the U.S. economy

    • Encourages comparable action by major trading partners and key contributors to global emissions

Global climate change resolution
Global Climate Change Resolution Global Climate Change

  • Includes support for:

    • Continued research on global climate change

    • Carbon sequestration research and implementation

    • Cost-effective, market-based policies to reduce greenhouse gases

    • Consideration of state and regional GHG programs if/when a national regime is developed

    • A voluntary registry to document and track greenhouse gas emissions

Clean and diversified energy
Clean and Diversified Energy Global Climate Change

  • In 2004, the Governor’s called for the analysis of policy recommendations that would:

    • Bring 30,000 megawatts of new clean energy online by 2015

    • Increase energy efficiency 20% by 2020

    • Meet transmission needs over the next 25 years

  • The Clean and Diversified Energy Advisory

    Committee (CDEAC) and 8 task forces were

    formed to develop consensus, incentive

    based policies to reach these goals

    • Over 250 diverse stakeholders participated

    • Report presented to the governors in June 2006

    • The CDEAC made 51 incentive-based


Clean and diversified energy1
Clean and Diversified Energy Global Climate Change

  • Report conclusions:

    • The governors can meet and likely exceed their 2015 and 2020 goals

    • Achieving these goals will require a combination of state, regional and federal action

  • CDEAC recommendations included:

    • Demonstrate IGCC projects in Western states at altitude

    • Encourage federal tax credit extensions on renewables

    • Reforms in the FERC Open Access Transmission Tariff to allow regional transmission planning expansion

    • Encourage the elimination of rate pancaking

    • Implement and update energy efficiency standards on appliances and buildings

    • Support comprehensive integrated resource planning and procurement rules

States leading the way
States Leading the Way Global Climate Change

  • WGA is encouraging others to adopt the recommended policies and is tracking progress toward the governors’ goals

    • Gov. Owens (CO) – Signed legislation to encourage IGCC within the state; Xcel Energy has since announced plans to build a 350 MW IGCC plant

    • Gov. Napolitano (AZ) – Issued an executive order on energy efficiency with the aim of reducing GHGs to 2000 levels by 2012

    • Gov. Huntsman (UT) -- Proposed legislation to set a 20% goal for energy efficiency in Utah by 2015

    • Govs. Schwarzenegger (CA) and Freudenthal (WY) signed an MOU on developing IGCC with carbon sequestration and renewable energy in Wyoming

    • Gov. Gregoire (WA) signed legislation that requires state schools and office buildings to be constructed in a manner that will conserve energy and minimize their environmental impact

    • Gov. Schwarzenegger (CA) signed the Million Solar Roofs Legislation in August 2006

Western renewable energy generation information system wregis
Western Renewable Energy Generation Information System (WREGIS)

  • Formed in 2004 as a joint effort between WGA and the California Energy Commission

  • Will issue, track, and verify regional renewable electricity generation and certificates

  • Scheduled to come online in late 2007

Carbon sequestration partnerships
Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (WREGIS)

  • WGA is assisting four regional carbon sequestration partnerships

    • Big Sky

    • Plains

    • Southwest

    • West Coast

  • The partnerships are engaged in validating sequestration technologies, assessing repository potential, and identifying best management practices

    • The Big Sky Partnership will inject several thousand tons of CO2 into the Grande Ronde Basalt in eastern Washington as a demonstration project

    • The Plains Partnership will be using 14.4 million tons of CO2 to test terrestrial sequestration in the region’s wetlands

  • Future transportation fuels initiative
    Future Transportation Fuels Initiative (WREGIS)

    • Resolution on Transportation Fuels for the Future passed June, 2006

      • 570 million gallons of oil are used each day by the nation’s transportation sector

      • Regional Task Force will develop a policy roadmap for western alternative fuel development and distribution in the future

        • Governor’s offices are currently gathering ideas for actions to take in the near, mid, and long-term

        • The roadmap will be refined by a broad range of stakeholders

        • Fuels currently being considered include ethanol, bio-diesel, coal-to-liquids, hydrogen, and electricity

    • Many states have already taken the lead

      • Gov. Sebelius is chairing the Governors’ Ethanol Coalition

      • Gov. Schweitzer is working to attract companies to Montana that are committed to producing clean burning liquid fuel from coal

    Climate change impacts on water
    Climate Change Impacts on Water (WREGIS)

    • In 2006, WGA helped develop and adopted the Western States Water Council Report, “Water Needs and Strategies for a Sustainable Future”

    • The report makes recommendations on

      • Water policy and growth strategies

      • Infrastructure needs

      • Indian water rights and negotiated settlements

      • Preparations for climate change impacts

      • Coordination between researchers and policy-makers, particularly on ESA

    Mexico emissions inventory
    Mexico Emissions Inventory (WREGIS)

    • First national EI for Mexico complete and published

    • Coordinated by WGA (Rich Halvey) with EPA funding

    • EI is for 1999

    • Next Steps

      • 2004 update

      • Special studies – mobile sources

    Western regional air partnership wrap
    Western Regional Air Partnership (WRAP) (WREGIS)

    • Voluntary association of 15 states, Western tribes, and federal agencies

    • Assists Western states and tribes in developing regional haze plans for federal Class I Areas:

      • State regional haze plans due to EPA in December 2007.

    • Currently working with 9 member states

      to develop GHG emission inventories

      and forecasts

      • Final products are expected in early 2007

      • 4 states already have developed GHG


    Western regional air partnership wrap1
    Western Regional Air Partnership (WRAP) (WREGIS)

    • Participating with other states/regions to evaluate options for a multi-state GHG registry

      • WRAP and Eastern states are leading the effort

      • Western and Mid-Western states and tribes participating

      • Building on California Climate Action Registry: ensure consistency and avoid multiple or different state registries

      • Goal: Operational by late 2007

      • Policy neutral system - states and tribes opt-in at their discretion

    2018 base case visibility projections deciviews
    2018 Base Case Visibility Projections (deciviews) (WREGIS)

    Note: Fire & Dust emissions held constant

    Wrap region egu so 2 emissions
    WRAP region EGU SO (WREGIS)2 emissions

    Data Sources: 1995, 1998, and 2005 from EPA Clean Air Markets Division, 2002 emissions and 2018 projections by Eastern Research Group, and 2018 BART assuming presumptive limits in EPA BART rule on units > 200 MW

    Wrap region no x emissions by source category
    WRAP region NO (WREGIS)x emissions by source category

    Data Sources: WRAP Forums’ emissions inventories and biogenics from BEIS model

    Technical support system

    Summary of key technical data to support regional haze planning & implementation – version 1 on-line mid-October 2006

    Supports consultation & interstate emissions/visibility tracking

    Interactive data displays:



    Modeling/Source Apportionment Results

    Ancillary GIS information

    To assess progress, provides tracking of:

    Periodic emissions inventories & emissions reductions programs

    Visibility monitoring data

    Modeling/Source Apportionment Results

    Welcome to the WRAP Technical Support System!

    Getting Started with the TSS

    Attribution of Haze Results

    Regional Haze Planning Support

    Weight of Evidence Checklist

    User Defined Queries & Analyses

    Technical Support System