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American Jesuit Institutions:. The striving purpose, mission, and pedagogy of Jesuit Colleges/ Universities . Thesis.

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american jesuit institutions

American Jesuit Institutions:

The striving purpose, mission, and pedagogy of Jesuit Colleges/ Universities

  • Jesuit institutions for higher education were developed upon the workings and passion of St. Ignatius of Loyola; utilizing St. Ignatius’ own writings helped develop the foreground for Jesuit institutions and how the Ignatian Pedagogy and mission statement came to existence.
st ignatius of loyola
St. ignatius of loyola
  • b. 1491- d. 1556
  • Born of privilege and was educated to work in court life when older
  • Served Spain in May of 1521- injured during French invasion and neared death
  • Catholic conversion came during a prayer vigil to Sts. Peter and Paul- heath restored
  • During August 1521- Ignatius read many books while on bed rest for recovery of injury. Read many books about Saints and the life of Christ
  • Once fully recovered- traveled to a Benedictine monastery where he stayed for 11 months to grow in his spiritual journey
st ignatius development of education and the society
St. Ignatius’ development of education and the society
  • Ignatius spent ten years from 1524-1534 studying and becoming the “expert” in disciplines known as
    • Philosophy
    • Logic
    • Physics
    • Christian Doctrine
  • Ultimately leading to his work called Spiritual Exercises
  • 1534- six men along with Ignatius took vows to become priests and start the society Ignatius long dreamed of and in 1537- full vows were taken and were fully dedicated to the society’s cause and the church
society of jesus jesuits
Society of Jesus (Jesuits)
  • 1540- Papal seal and approval were given to the men calling themselves the Society of Jesus, AKA Jesuits
  • Ignatius was elected Superior General and was stationed in the Vatican.
  • Within 15 years- the first institution was founded in Gandia along with the internationalization of Jesuits across the world
  • 1556- Jesuits were in 33 countries; Ignatius died this same year
america in the beginning
America- in the beginning
  • Jesuits came to America, but found themselves ostracized when Pope Clement XIV pulled Papal and Vatican support from the missionaries.
  • 14 years of disbanded Jesuit priests in America with not official backing
  • Ex- Jesuit priest John Carroll was hurt by this action, and returned to Europe for additional education during this time.
  • Carroll returned to America years later once hearing that the new Pope was in full support of Jesuits and would be reinstalling the society in America
  • Carroll pushed for a higher education institution, and therefore- Georgetown College was established in 1789.
america in the beginning1
America-In the beginning
  • Carroll never re-established himself as a Jesuit, but was fully supportive. Carroll became 1st Bishop in America
  • About 30 years later- Carroll asked help of the New Orleans providence Bishop to help begin a Catholic college in the mid-west.
  • St. Louis Academy was started in 1818- officially taken over completely by Jesuits in 1826 changing the name to St. Louis College.
    • St. Louis College was known as a Jesuit Research institutions for spirituality and philosophy
  • The Maryland Province and the Missouri Province became the center of the growing Jesuit schools
staging of institutions
Staging of Institutions
  • From 1820-1920, 24 of the 28 schools were developed across the country with Jesuit support
  • These institutions began as 7+ years of schooling- grammar, college, masters
  • There were 5 Staging Areas
    • 1st- East Coast
    • 2nd- Midwest
    • 3rd – West Coast (Italian Jesuits)
    • 4th- Central East Coast- NY, AL, LA
    • 5th- Upper Northeast (Buffalo Mission-eventually fizzled out)
staging of institutions1
Staging of Institutions
  • Additional Institutions after 1920
  • 4 institutions were “collected”/ taken over by Jesuits
    • Scranton Univ- 1942
    • Fairfield Univ-1942
    • LeMonyne-1946
    • Wheeling- 1955
  • In 1920- there were four provinces until the US was sectioned off by the “Father provincials” and established ten provinces across the country
ratio studiorum and ignation pedagogy
Ratio Studiorum and Ignation Pedagogy
  • Ratio Studiorum- official “rules” book for professors, staff, teaching assistants, and administrators- and even student behavior
    • Written in 1599 by Ignatius himself- wanted the best education for all students and wanted those teaching to be as passionate as he was
  • Ignatian Pedagogy- developed in 1990 as a style of teaching and actions taken by faculty, staff, TA’s, administration within Jesuit universities.
    • Focus on the “whole” students, social justice, and 5 elements
      • Context, Experience, Reflection, Action, and Evaluation
jesuit mission statement
Jesuit Mission Statement
  • Each institution has their own personal mission statement- BUT all 28 colleges/ universities share a mission statement that is to be lived out by all
  • Council came together of all lead admins for Jesuit institutions and updated in 2010- still keeping with the Ignatian way from 1599
  • Mission statement covers Faculty and Staff, Students, and Presidents, Board of Trustee’s and Bishops
  • Complied in a 30 page booklet and can be found on the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities website
  • Enjoyed doing the research but schools seem very intensive and prestigious.
  • Many are thought to fall into the “Prestigious” group when thinking of universities because of the dedication of the faculty, staff and administrators to the students. (Prestigious in Basketball too- Georgetown and Gonzaga!)