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Using Apostrophes. Possessive Case. To form the possessive case of most singular nouns, add an apostrophe and an s . Ex. Tony’s problem; a bus’s wheel, a dollar’s worth, Mr. Ross’s job. Note:.

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possessive case
Possessive Case
  • To form the possessive case of most singular nouns, add an apostrophe and an s.
    • Ex. Tony’s problem; a bus’s wheel, a dollar’s worth, Mr. Ross’s job
slide3
Note:
  • For a proper name ending in s, add only an apostrophe if the name has two or more syllables and if the addition of ‘s would make the name awkward to pronounce. Ex. West Indies’ export; Texas’ governor, Mrs. Wiggins’ car
  • For a singular common noun ending in s, add both an apostrophe and an s if the added s is pronounced as a separate syllable. Ex: the actress’s costumes, the dress’s sleeves, the class’s teacher
slide4
baby

uncle

year

cent

class

Terry

Ellen

mouse

Mr. Chan

Mr. Reynolds

plane

boss

child

Ms. Sanchez

horse

Paris

system

Mr. Jones

Let’s Try…Form the possessive case of each of the following nouns. After each possessive word, give an appropriate noun. Example: Teresa – Teresa’s pencil

let s check
baby’s bottle

uncle’s house

year’s events

cent’s worth

class’s problem

Terry’s friend

Ellen’s plans

mouse’s cheese

Mr. Chan’s daughter

Mr. Reynolds’ car

plane’s wings

boss’s secretary

child’s game

Ms. Sanchez’s son

horse’s mane

Paris’s cafes

system’s problem

Mr. Jones’s car

Let’s check…
possessive plurals
Possessive plurals
  • To form the possessive case of a plural nouns ending in s, add only the apostrophe.
    • two birds’ feathers
    • all three cousins’ vacation
    • the Girl Scouts’ uniforms

*If the plural noun doesn’t end in s, add an apostrophe and s.

    • children’s shoes
    • women’s belts
let s try form the possessive case of each of the following plural nouns
men

cats

teachers

enemies

princesses

dollars

elves

cattle

mice

parents

11. the Smiths

sheep

wives

O’Gradys

runners

attorneys

allies

friends

women

bats

Let’s Try…Form the possessive case of each of the following plural nouns.
let s check8
men’s

cats’

teachers’

enemies’

princesses’

dollars’

elves’

cattle’s

mice’s

parents’

11. The Smiths’

12. sheep’s

13. wives;

14. O’Gradys’

runners’

attorneys’

allies’

friends’

women’s

bats’

Let’s Check…
possessive notes continued
Possessive Notes Continued
  • Generally, in compound words, names of organizations and businesses, and words showing joint possession, only the last word is possessive in form.
    • compound words: community board’s meeting
    • Organizations: United Fund’s drive
    • Businesses: Berkeley Milk Company’s trucks
    • Joint Possession: Peggy and Lisa’s tent
slide10
When two or more persons possess something individually, each of their names is possessive in form.
    • Example:
    • Mrs. Martin’s and Mrs. Blair’s cars
    • Amy’s and Danielle’s tennis rackets
contractions
Contractions
  • Use an apostrophe to show where letters, numerals, or words have been omitted in a contraction.
    • Who is = Who’s
    • 1991 = ’91
    • Of the clock = O’clock
    • Bill is = Bill’s
    • I had = I’d
    • You all = y’all 
don t be confused contractions and possessive pronouns are not the same
Who’s at bat?

It’s roaring.

You’re too busy!

There’s a kite.

They’re tall trees.

Whose bat is that?

Listen to its roar.

Your friend is busy.

That kite is theirs.

Their trees are tall.

Don’t be confused~contractions and possessive pronouns are not the same!
plurals
Plurals
  • To prevent confusion, use an apostrophe and an s to form the plurals of lowercase letters, some capital letters, numerals, symbols, and words that are referred to as words.
    • I got A’s on both tests.
    • The 1’s in this exercise look like l’s.
    • Two different Web site addresses began with ##’s and ended with .com’s.
    • His hi’s are always cheerful.
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