hist 202 hesen n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
DIPLOMACY AND WORLD WAR II PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
DIPLOMACY AND WORLD WAR II

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 43

DIPLOMACY AND WORLD WAR II - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 91 Views
  • Uploaded on

HIST 202 - HESEN. DIPLOMACY AND WORLD WAR II. Prelude to War. WWI was the “war to end all wars” Treaty Versailles Killed German economy Aided in the rise of Hitler U.S. stayed away and remained isolationists. Hoover’s Foreign Policy. No foreign commitments “Isolationism”

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'DIPLOMACY AND WORLD WAR II' - ocean


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
prelude to war
Prelude to War
  • WWI was the “war to end all wars”
  • Treaty Versailles
    • Killed German economy
    • Aided in the rise of Hitler
    • U.S. stayed away and remained isolationists
hoover s foreign policy
Hoover’s Foreign Policy
  • No foreign commitments
  • “Isolationism”
  • Great Depression was going on
  • The U.S. had its own problems to deal with!
japanese aggression in manchuria
Japanese Aggression in Manchuria
  • Early 1930s
    • Japan posed greatest threat to world peace
    • Japanese invaded China in September 1931
    • League of Nations did NOTHING
      • Showed the League was a failure at maintaining peace
fdr and foreign policy
FDR and Foreign Policy
  • Concentration was on the home economy – New Deal
  • Believed in “Good Neighbor” policy
    • Recognized Soviet Union
    • Aligned with Latin American
    • Granted Philippines independence
    • Lowered tariffs 50%
events abroad fascism and militarism
Events Abroad: Fascism and Militarism
  • Italy
      • Benito Mussolini (1922)
      • Il Duce – Black Shirts
      • Fascism – govt. is more important than people
  • Germany
      • Adolf Hitler (1933)
      • Nazi Party – radical fascism
      • Mein Kampf
  • Japan
    • Hideki Tojo
american isolationists
American Isolationists
  • Americans were disillusioned from WWI
  • Nye Committee
    • Gerald Nye – Senator from ND
    • Reviewed records and policy from WWI
    • Determined that U.S. entered war to serve greedy bankers and industrialists
neutrality acts
Neutrality Acts
  • Congress adopted the Neutrality Acts (1935, 1936, 1937)
    • Spanish Civil War - Franco
  • Synopsis: U.S. would not sell weapons to belligerent or warring countries in Europe
  • America First Committee
    • Anti-war/Anti-conflict
    • 800,000 members
moving towards war in europe
Moving Towards War in Europe
  • 1935-1939
    • Appeasement – let dictators do their thing – PACIFY THEM!!!
    • Ethiopia (1935)
    • Rhineland (1936)
    • China (1937)
    • Sudetenland (1938)
alliances
Alliances
  • Allied Powers
    • Great Britain
    • France
    • Soviet Union
    • U.S. (eventually)
  • Axis Powers
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Japan
neutrality to war 1939 1941
Neutrality to War, 1939-1941
  • 1939
    • Hitler invades Poland, Austria, and Czechoslovakia

BLITZKRIEG – “LIGHTNING WAR”

By 1940 – Britain is the only Allied Power left without German troops

changing u s policy
Changing U.S. Policy
  • “Cash and Carry” (1939)
    • British and French pay U.S. for arms
    • Carried arms away on their own ships
    • Kept U.S. “neutral”
  • Selective Service Act (1940)
      • Registration of all men 21-35
  • Destroyers for Bases
    • Gave Brits older ships
    • U.S. may build bases on British controlled territories
arsenal of democracy
Arsenal of Democracy
  • Four Freedoms
    • Speech
    • Religion
    • Freedom from want
    • Freedom from fear
  • Lend-Lease Act
    • Brits and French are out of money
    • U.S. “lends” them weapons
arsenal of democracy1
Arsenal of Democracy
  • Atlantic Charter
    • Agreement between U.S. and Brits
    • No territorial expansion
    • Free trade
  • Shoot on Sight
    • U.S. targeted German submarines
disputes with japan
Disputes With Japan
  • Japan joins the Axis powers in 1940
  • FDR responds with an embargo on steel
  • Froze Japanese credit and U.S. oil sales to Japan
    • Japan calls it “an unfriendly act”
reminders
Reminders
  • Remaining tests and papers on side table
  • Read Moody – assignment due on 4/24
  • Final exam study group – 5/6 (normal times)
  • Final Exam – 5/13 and 5/15
pearl harbor
Pearl Harbor
  • December 7, 1941
    • Began at 0730 – lasted two hours
    • 2,400 American killed as a result
    • 1,200 wounded
    • 20 warships were lost
    • December 8, 1941 – U.S. declares war against Japan
    • U.S. gets involved in WWII
war s impact
War’s Impact
  • Propaganda
    • Office of War Information
      • Movies
      • Radio
      • Music
      • Newspapers
      • SACRFICE FOR YOUR COUNTRY!!!
industrial production
Industrial Production
  • War Production Board (1942)
    • Told companies what to produce
    • Huge output of metals, rubber, fuel
    • Paid companies for work PLUS % profits
    • By 1944 – Unemployment – 1%
industrial production1
Industrial Production
  • Wages, prices, and rationing
    • Office of Price Administration (OPA) Controlled prices and wages
    • Rationing
      • Sugar
      • Meat
      • Fuel
industrial production2
Industrial Production
  • Labor Unions
    • No strikes
    • Labor wages were frozen by OPA
    • Smith-Connally Anti-Strike Act (1943)
      • Govt can take over businesses threatened by strikes
industrial production3
Industrial Production
  • Financing the War
    • Increased income tax
    • Sold war bonds
      • Supplemented increase in income taxes
      • $135 billion raised
      • Shortage of goods – helped Americans save $$$
war s impact1
War’s Impact
  • African-Americans
    • 1.5 million left South for North
    • Race riots in 1943
    • NAACP membership increased
    • CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) formed
    • “Double V” slogan
      • Victory overseas
      • Victory here for civil rights
war s impact2
War’s Impact
  • Mexican Americans
    • Worked in the defense industry
    • 300,000 joined the military
war s impact3
War’s Impact
  • Japanese Americans
    • 20,000 served in military
    • Issei v. Nisei
    • 1942
      • Roosevelt orders Japanese Americans into internment
      • Executive Order 9066
      • 100,000 interned
      • Korematsu v U.S.(1944)
war s impact4
War’s Impact
  • Women
    • 200,000 served in the military
    • All noncombat roles
    • 5 million entered the workplace
    • “Rosie the Riveter”
    • Paid less wages than men
world war ii battlefronts
World War II Battlefronts
  • Fighting Germany
    • Battle of the Atlantic (1942)
      • Objective: GET RID OF U-BOATS!!!
      • U.S. and Brits lost 500 ships
      • New technologies in radar and sonar helped in Allied win
world war ii battlefronts1
World War II Battlefronts
  • From North Africa to Italy
    • Operation Torch (1942)
      • U.S. – Dwight D. Eisenhower
      • Brits – Bernard Montgomery
      • Took North Africa from Germans
      • U.S. and Brits chased Germans through Italy
world war ii battlefronts2
World War II Battlefronts
  • D-Day ( June 6, 1944)
    • Operation Overlord
      • U.S. troops hit the beaches of Normandy
        • Gold, Juno, Sword, Utah, Omaha beaches
        • Airborne attacks
        • Pushed Germans back out of France
        • Battle of the Bulge (1944)
          • Germany’s last ditch effort
german surrender
German Surrender
  • Germans know they are beat after Battle of the Bulge
  • Hitler commits suicide on April 30, 1945
  • May 7, 1945 – Germany surrenders to the Allies
fighting japan
Fighting Japan
  • Mostly naval wars
    • Battle of Coral Sea (1942)
    • Battle of Midway (1942)
  • “Island Hopping”
    • Iwo Jima (1945)
      • 20,700 Japanese troops – only 200 survived
      • 6,000 U.S. Marines died
conference at yalta
Conference at Yalta
  • February 1945
    • Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin
    • Germany would be broken into zones
    • Free elections
    • United Nations would be formed
fallen leader
Fallen Leader
  • FDR Dies! – April 12, 1945
  • Harry Truman takes the helm
  • Potsdam (July 1945)
    • End the war with Japan
    • Nuremburg Trials
fighting japan1
Fighting Japan
  • Battle for Okinawa
    • U.S. – lost 50,000
    • Japanese fought to the death
    • No end of the war in sight
  • Manhattan Project
    • J. Robert Oppenheimer
dropping the bombs
Dropping the Bombs
  • August 6, 1945 – Hiroshima
  • August 9, 1945 – Nagasaki
  • Japanese surrender September 2, 1945