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PPE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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PPE. P ersonal P rotective E quipment. Establishing a PPE Program. Sets out procedures for selecting, providing, and using PPE as part of an employer’s routine operation

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Personal Protective Equipment

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Establishing a PPE Program

  • Sets out procedures for selecting, providing, and using PPE as part of an employer’s routine operation

  • First: Assess the workplace to determine if hazards are present, or are likely to be present, which necessitate the use of PPE (Hazard Assessment)

  • Once the proper PPE has been selected, the employer must provide training to each employee who is required to use PPE

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Employees required to use PPE must be trained to know at least the following:

  • When PPE is necessary

  • What type of PPE is necessary

  • How to properly put on, take off, adjust, and wear assigned PPE

  • Limitations of the PPE

  • Proper care, maintenance, useful life, and disposal

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Examples of PPE

  • Eye - Safety Glasses, Goggles

  • Face - Face Shields

  • Head - Hard Hats

  • Feet - Safety Shoes

  • Hands and Arms - Gloves

  • Bodies - Vests, Aprons

  • Hearing - Earplugs, Earmuffs

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What are some of the causes of eye injuries?

  • Dust and other flying particles, such as metal shavings or sawdust

  • Molten metal that might splash

  • Acids and other caustic liquid chemicals that might splash

  • Blood and other potentially infectious body fluids that might splash, spray, or splatter

  • Intense light such as that created by welding and lasers

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Safety Spectacles

  • Made with metal/plastic safety frames

  • Nearly all operations require side shields

  • Used to protect against moderate impacts from particles produced by such jobs as carpentry, woodworking, grinding, and scaling

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  • Protect eyes, eye sockets, and the facial area immediately surrounding the eyes from impact, dust, and splashes.

  • Some goggles fit over corrective lenses.

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Welding Shields

Laser Safety Goggles

Protect against intense electromagnetic radiation

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Face Shields

  • Protect the face from nuisance dusts and potential splashes, or sprays of hazardous liquids.

  • They are not designed to be the sole protection from impact hazards.

  • Face shields must be used in conjunction with safety glasses or goggles to adequately protect the eyes.

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Wearing Eye Protection

  • Always choose the eye protection that provides adequate protection from the hazards in an area, and is comfortable and easy to maintain.

  • Safety glasses ARE NOT designed to protect the eyes from liquid splashes or dusts.

  • Chemical splash goggles ARE designed to protect the eyes from liquid splashes or dusts.

  • Always clean protective eyewear after each use, or whenever vision is obscured.

  • Only eye protection meeting the ANSI Z87.1-1989 standard (and so marked) are approved for use where flying particles or objects is concern.

  • Safety glasses (either prescription or non-prescription) must have affixed side shields.

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What are some of thecauses of head injuries?

  • Falling objects.

  • Bumping head against fixed objects, such as exposed pipes or beams.

  • Contact with exposed electrical conductors.

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Classes of Hard Hats

Class A

  • General service (e.g., mining, building construction, shipbuilding, lumbering, and manufacturing)

  • Good impact protection but limited voltage protection

    Class B

  • Electrical work

  • Protect against falling objects and high-voltage shock and burns

    Class C

  • Designed for comfort, offer limited protection

  • Protects heads that may bump against fixed objects, but do not protect against falling objects or electrical shock

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Wearing a Hard Hat

  • Adjust internal web support so that it fits snugly about the head without causing discomfort.

  • The hard hat should not fall off the head when the head is tilted forward or back.

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What are some of thecauses of foot injuries?

  • Heavy objects, such as barrels or tools, that might roll or fall onto employees’ feet

  • Sharp objects such as nails or spikes that might pierce the soles or uppers of ordinary shoes

  • Molten metal that might splash on feet

  • Hot or wet surfaces

  • Slippery surfaces

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Have impact-resistant toes and heat-resistant soles that protect against hot surfaces common in roofing, paving, and hot metal industries

Safety Shoes

  • Some have metal insoles to protect against puncture wounds

  • May be designed to be electrically conductive for use in explosive atmospheres, or nonconductive to protect from workplace electrical hazards

Metatarsal Guards

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Wearing Foot Protection protect against hot surfaces common in roofing, paving, and hot metal industries

  • Choose safety shoes or work boots that properly fit your feet.

  • Make sure that laces are not too long and that they are kept tied at all times to prevent them becoming entangled in machinery, snagging on objects, or creating a trip hazard.

  • If overboots are worn, make sure that they are the proper size and that they are put on before entering the work area.

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Hand Protection protect against hot surfaces common in roofing, paving, and hot metal industries

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What are some of the hand injuries you need to guard against?

  • Burns

  • Bruises

  • Abrasions

  • Cuts

  • Punctures

  • Fractures

  • Amputations

  • Chemical Exposures

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Types of Gloves against?

Norfoil laminate resists permeation and breakthrough by an array of toxic/hazardous chemicals.

Butyl Rubber provides the highest permeation resistance to gasoline vapors; frequently used for ketones (M.E.K., Acetone) and esters (Amyl Acetate, Ethyl Acetate).

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Types of Gloves against?(cont’d)

Viton is highly resistant to permeation by chlorinated and aromatic solvents.

Nitrile provides protection against a wide variety of solvents, harsh chemicals, fats, and petroleum products, and also provides excellent resistance to cuts, snags, punctures, and abrasions.

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Types of Gloves against?(cont’d)

Kevlar protects against cuts, slashes, and abrasion.

Stainless Steel Mesh protects against cuts and lacerations.

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How to Remove Gloves against?



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How to Remove Gloves against?



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Wearing Hand Protection against?

  • Always check to make sure that the hand protection is free of damage or degradation before placing on hands.

  • Choose hand protection that is the proper size, and designed to protect against the hazards in the work area.

  • Avoid touching the outside of contaminated gloves when removing.

  • Do not reuse disposable gloves.

  • Refer to the OCC Personal Protective Equipment Program for additional guidance and resources on choosing the proper hand protection for the job.

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Body Protection against?


  • Coming from and going into your work location, ensure you have the proper and adequate clothing and PPE.

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What are some of the against?causes of body injuries?

  • Intense heat

  • Splashes of hot metals and other hot liquids

  • Impacts from tools, machinery, and materials

  • Cuts

  • Hazardous chemicals

  • Contact with potentially infectious materials, such as blood

  • Radiation

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Special Clothing against?

  • Aprons

  • Coveralls (Chemical Resistant, etc.)

  • High Visibility Vests

  • Welding

    • Welder’s apron/smock

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Body Protection against?


Full Body Suit

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Body Protection against?

Cooling Vest

Sleeves and Apron

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Examples of Hearing Protection against?




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Wearing Hearing Protection against?

  • Choose hearing protection that offers the greatest degree of noise reduction, but is still comfortable and will not interfere with work.

  • Keep hearing protection clean. Clean all hearing protection after each use.

  • Inspect hearing protection for damage or degradation prior to use.

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Wearing Hearing Protection (cont’d) against?

  • Earmuffs

    • Grasp each cup and place them over each ear.

    • Adjust the supporting band and cup position until a good seal is achieved. Glasses will interfere with the seal and reduce the effectiveness of the hearing protection.

    • The supporting band on some models may be worn above, below, or behind the head. Best noise reduction is usually with the band above the head.

    • Remove by grasping each cup and pulling away from the head.

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Wearing Hearing Protection (cont’d) against?

  • Earplugs

    • Earplugs typically provide the greatest noise reduction and comfort.

    • Non-foam earplugs should be inserted by grasping the top of the ear using the opposite hand and gently pulling back and up to widen the ear canal prior to inserting the earplugs.

    • Foam earplugs are rolled between the thumb and fingers to compress them prior to insertion using the same procedure as non-foam earplugs.

    • Remove earplugs slowly to prevent discomfort or irritation.

    • Do not use earplugs if you have an ear infection (use earmuffs instead).

    • Discard disposable earplugs when no longer needed. Clean and disinfect reusable earplugs prior to reuse.

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Wearing Hearing Protection (cont’d) against?

  • Canal Caps

    • Less effective at reducing noise levels than earmuffs or earplugs, but are typically more comfortable than either, especially if individual preferences, health issues, or work conditions restrict usage of earmuffs or earplugs.

    • Place each canal cap plug over the opening to the ear canal and adjust the supporting strap until a good seal is achieved.

    • Many canal caps can be worn with the supporting strap above, below, or behind the head. The best noise reduction is typically achieved with the supporting strap above the head.

    • To remove, simply grasp each plug and pull them away from the ears.

    • Clean and disinfect canal caps after each use.

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Respirators against?

  • Covered by the OCC Respiratory Protection Program training.

  • Examples include:

    • Escape

    • Air Purifying Respirators

    • Supplied Air Respirators

      • Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)

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Fall Protection against?

  • Covered in greater detail in the OCC Fall Protection Program training

  • Includes personal fall arrest harnesses, restraints, and tethers.

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Employers must implement a PPE program where they: against?

  • Assess the workplace for hazards

  • Use engineering and work practice controls to eliminate or reduce hazards before using PPE

  • Select appropriate PPE to protect employees from hazards that cannot be eliminated

  • Inform employees why the PPE is necessary and when it must be worn

  • Train employees how to use and care for their PPE and how to recognize deterioration and failure

  • Require employees to wear selected PPE in the workplace

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Employers against?Must protect employees from workplace hazardsEmployeesMust protect themselves by WEARING PPE

Remember,PPE is the last line of defense!