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Boeing and sustainable aviation biofuel development

Boeing and sustainable aviation biofuel development

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Boeing and sustainable aviation biofuel development

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  1. Boeing and sustainable aviation biofuel development • Richard Mills • Strategy Director • Boeing UK • October 2015

  2. Environmental stewardship is our shared value Our inheritance Our responsibility Our legacy

  3. Market opportunity & carbon imperative Air Traffic Global Growth 1994-2034 Revenue Passenger Kilometers, Billions Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions IPCC WG III Assessment Report 5 Aviation Other waste Other Industrial process Other energy Middle East Other transport China Asia (excl. China) Europe Buildings & residential 38% North America 49% Land use 73% Source: Boeing 2015 CMO and Direct and indirect emissions; calculated from IPCC WG III Assessment Report 5

  4. Committed to changeGlobal Level Targets

  5. Boeing Strategy for Reducing Emissions More efficient airplanes Forecasted emissions growth without reduction measures CO2 Emissions More efficient flight Sustainable fuels Baseline Carbon Neutral Timeline 2005 2050 2050

  6. Aviation Needs “Drop-In” Biofuel Blend directly with petroleum jet fuel Meets or exceeds performance standards of petroleum No change to airplanes, engines & fueling infrastructure New ways to make the same fuel

  7. Sustainability is required Sustainably produced aviation biofuel reduces CO2 emissions by 50-90% on a lifecycle basis Strong demand by major airlines Strict sustainability criteria measured by NGOs Powers sustainable growth and economic development

  8. Status of aviation biofuel industry Technically viable In demand Sufficient supply • 3 types approved by ASTM International • High quality standard • Airline support • More than 1,600 commercial flights • Continued military interest • Refinery capacity small • Price premium • Limited sustainable feedstock 8

  9. What will come first? Scale? Price? Increased supply? Lower price?

  10. Many feedstocks will provide biofuel Biomass Oils Ag residues Switchgrass Farmed trees Halophytes Tobacco Used cooking oil Inedible corn oil Jatropha Halophytes Tobacco Other Plant Sugars Algae Municipal solid waste Waste gases Sugar cane Sugar beets

  11. Fuel approvals will further expand supply • Fischer-Tropsch • HEFA (2011) • Synthesized Iso-Paraffin (2014) Approved Near-term approval 12-18 months • High Freezepoint HEFA • Alcohol to jet (isobutanol) • Alcohol to jet (ethanol) Longer term • Hydrotreated depolymerized cellulosic • Catalytic hydrothermolysis • Catalytic sugar

  12. Boeing global biofuel engagements 11 8 10 10 8 9 1 2 18 19 19 4 3 17 18 17 16 16 15 15 14 13 14 Pacific Northwest roadmap Midwest biofuel initiative Green diesel commercialization Renewable Fuel Standard advocacy Brazilian Biojetfuel Platform Joint biofuel research with Embraer GOL biofuel flights * Global coordination for Sustainable Aviation Fuel Users Group 5 7 6 13 12 12 11 Virgin Atlantic / LanzaTech collaboration AIREG Membership Nordic Initiative for Sustainable Aviation South African Airways biofuel collaboration Australia biofuel roadmap Southeast Asia smallhold farm initiative Sustainable Bioenergy Research Consortium BIOjet Abu Dhabi with Etihad Biofuel R&D in China “Gutter oil” facility with COMAC Hainan Airlines commercial flight Japan biofuel roadmap

  13. Green diesel: biofuel breakthrough • Currently used for ground transportation • Chemically similar to “HEFA” aviation biofuel approved in 2011 • Reduces CO2by 50-90%, according to Neste Oil • 800+ million gallons production capacity in US, Europe and Asia • Price approaches Jet A, including government incentives • Boeing tested a 15% green diesel blend with the ecoDemonstrator (2014)