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Mining and sustainable development. Arabella Imhoff Nautilus Institute RMIT Australia. Mining and sustainable development. Three aspects of mining and sustainable development Economic Environmental Social. Capturing minerals wealth and opportunities . Company business decisions

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mining and sustainable development

Mining and sustainable development

ArabellaImhoff

Nautilus Institute RMIT

Australia

mining and sustainable development1
Mining and sustainable development
  • Three aspects of mining and sustainable development
    • Economic
    • Environmental
    • Social
capturing minerals wealth and opportunities
Capturing minerals wealth and opportunities
  • Company business decisions
    • Financial bottom line vs. supporting community development
  • Government policy
    • Taxes and royalties
    • Regulatory conditions
managing minerals wealth
Managing minerals wealth
  • Investing in the future
      • Savings and investments
      • Support for economic diversification
  • Equity in minerals wealth management
      • Distributions of minerals wealth at local level
      • Capacity building at local level
  • Good governance
      • Transparency
        • Reporting requirements
        • Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)
mining biodiversity and critical natural capital
Mining, biodiversity and critical natural capital
  • Protection of critical natural capital
    • Government regulation
      • Land use planning
      • Improved understanding of biodiversity - research & taxonomy
    • Mining companies
      • Biodiversity policies and management planning
waste management
Waste management
  • Tailings storage facilities
    • Complex structures
    • Continually constructed over lifetime of mine
  • Tailings management
    • Regulatory requirements - ongoing planning, management and reporting
    • Benchmarking and best practice
    • Continuity in management over lifetime of project
mine closure
Mine closure
  • Miner closure and rehabilitation
    • Physicaland chemical stabilisation of mine site
    • Restoration of flora, fauna & biodiversity
  • Mine closure planning
    • Undertaken from the start of mine’s life not the end
    • Management of mine closure costs
internal social issues
Internal social issues
  • Health and safety issues
    • Workplace accidents
    • Exposure to hazardous materials
    • Ambient factors
  • International Labour Office
    • General conventions
    • Mining specific - 1995 Convention 176 on Safety and Health in Mines
    • Mining specific ILO Codes of Practice
external social impacts
External social impacts
  • Land use, resettlement and displacement
    • Loss of home, income, assets, land, social networks, resources and cultural sites.
  • Management
    • Compensation important
    • But focus should be on rehabilitation
external social impacts1
External social impacts
  • Community development
    • Service provision by mining companies can create dependency
    • Governments must take leadership role
    • Partnerships – supporting community development & government capacity building
small scale and artisanal mining
Small scale and artisanal mining
  • Social impacts
    • Health and safety risks
    • Human and labour rights issues
  • Management
    • Large scale mining companies
      • Engagement with small scale miners
      • Training and technology transfer
    • Governments
      • Incentives to encourage registering of small scale mining operations