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Russia: Sovereignty, Authority, and Power

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  1. Russia: Sovereignty, Authority, and Power Eli Fellows

  2. Current Russia • Russia’s political system termed as a “illiberal” democracy • Citizens have little civil liberites • “Closed” Society • Head of State: President Vladimir Putin • Head of Government: Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev

  3. History of Russia Kievan Russia • 862: Rurik is first to take control of Eastern Slavs • 976: Vladimir the Great Takes power • 986: Christianization of Russia • 1036: Yaroslav the Wise brings about the Golden Age of Russia • Ruskaya Pravda

  4. History of Russia (Cont) • 1547: Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) assumes the role of the first Tsar of Russia • Sudebnik of 1550 • 1721: Peter the Great establishes the Russian Empire • Jan. 22, 1905: Bloody Sunday • State Duma (Legislative Body) • 1917: Russian Revolution

  5. Soviet History • 1917-1923: Russian Civil War • Red vs White • 1936-1938: Stalin Purges • 1941-1943: Great Patriotic War (WWII) • 1949-1991: Cold War • 1957-1966: Journey Into Space • 1980’s: Gorbachev Aims Toward Ending the Cold War

  6. Soviet Leaders

  7. Russian Presidents (1991-Present) • Boris Yeltsin (1991-1999) • Vladimir Putin (1999-2008) • Dmitry Medvedev (2008-2012) • Vladimir Putin (2012-2018)

  8. Legitimacy • Traditionally Based off Autocratic Rule • Low Social Capital • Distrust • Fear • Stalin Purges • Leon Trotsky • Document Establishing Government: Constitution of 1993

  9. Constitution of 1993 • Based on Basic Principles of Democratic State Building • Ideological Neutrality of State • Competitive Elections • Separation of Powers • Gives President Judicial Powers

  10. Political Culture • Authoritarian Tradition • Past Autocratic Rule • Statism – State should control Economic and/or Social Policy • Acceptance of Powerful Leaders • Political Socialization • Soviet Period vs. Today • New Soviet Man • Internet Censorship Today