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Networks for Emergency Management Applications. Defense Security Innovation Quebec City, Oct. 28, 2009 Prof. Howard M. Schwartz. Presentation Outline. Who we are. Department of Systems and Computer Engineering Research Centre in Technology Innovation (RCTI).

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networks for emergency management applications

Networks for Emergency Management Applications

Defense Security Innovation

Quebec City, Oct. 28, 2009

Prof. Howard M. Schwartz

presentation outline
Presentation Outline
  • Who we are.
    • Department of Systems and Computer Engineering
    • Research Centre in Technology Innovation (RCTI).
  • Networks for Emergency Management.
  • Wireless Sensor Networks.
  • Networks of Autonomous Vehicles (UAVs).
  • Commercialization, the Lead to Win program and CORAL CEA
  • Conclusion
systems and computer engineering and rcti
Systems and Computer Engineering and RCTI.
  • Dept. Systems and Computer Engineering - 52 Professors at all levels.
  • RCTI - From 6 Departments and 3 Faculties.
    • Systems and Computer Eng., Electronics, Mechanical Eng., Computer Science, Information Technology and Business.
  • Advance research and scholarly activity in electrical and systems engineering, computing science, and the development and commercialization of new products
  • Link R&D carried out by Carleton faculty and graduate students with companies.
  • Member of Technopôle Security and Defense
department of systems and computer engineering
Department of Systems and Computer Engineering
  • 42 Professors
  • 249 Graduate Students, 163Masters, 86 Ph.D.
  • Largest Graduate Program at Carleton University.
  • Approximately $3.6 Million in research funding from industry and government.
  • Approximately 500 undergraduate students in 4+1 degree programs.
    • B.Eng. Computer Systems Engineering
    • B.Eng. Communications Engineering
    • B.Eng. Software Engineering
    • B.Eng. Biomedical and Electrical Engineering
    • B.Eng. Electrical Engineering – shared with Electronics.
department of systems and computer engineering1
Department of Systems and Computer Engineering
  • Technology and Innovation Program
    • 4 Professors and ~40 Masters Students (TIM)
  • Lead to Win Program
    • Massive Commercialization and business growth
  • CORAL CEA (Communications Enabled Applications)
    • Platform for Massive Commercialization and business growth
    • $9.3 M in Government Funding and ~$15M in kind from Nortel and IBM.
systems and computer engineering research areas
Systems and Computer EngineeringResearch Areas
  • Research in the department centers upon the analysis and design of engineering systems which process and transmit information and have computers as components. Within this context, several interrelated areas of study receive major attention:
  • Communication Systems
  • Computer Systems
  • Software Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Technology Innovation Management and Commercialization.
networks of things
Networks of things

Networks that perceive, understand and take action for emergency and security applications.

- Emergency Management

- Border security

- Military applications    - Industrial control and security    - Power grid control and security    - Transportation systems    - Telephone, internet communication systems

networks of things1
Networks of things

- Social Network Applications (Facebook, Twitter etc.)

- Smart Phone Applications (iPhone Applications)

- Remote Healthcare

example of a complex network
Example of a Complex Network

(Scenario developed by RUNES project:

wireless ad hoc network
Wireless Ad Hoc Network
  • Air drop wireless sensors over region. The system establishes its communication topology. Low power, low cost devices that are easily augmented and replaced.
research for wireless networks
Research For Wireless Networks
  • Facilitate the collection of sensor data from a collection of resource-constrained sensor systems, connected wirelessly. How should the sensors talk to each other?
  • Support new applications and the re-tasking of wireless nodes.
  • Support easy integration of new sensors.
  • Efficient distribution of the information from the sensors to various interested parties (first responders, airport authorities, etc.).
  • Combine/fuse data derived from different sites.
multihop wireless network research
Multihop Wireless Network Research
  • Capacity and Fairness in Wireless Mesh:
    • Goal: maximize utilization of network while providing “fair” access to all users
      • Analytical performance bounds
      • Distributed algorithms/protocols
      • Definition of “Fairness”
      • Tradeoff Fairness vs. Utilization
  • Generating Routing Protocols “automatically”

using Generative Programming approach: GP-Pro

  • Tactical MANETs/Autonomous UAVs
  • Network Coding for Multihop Wireless Networks
    • Algorithms
    • Performance bounds
    • Analytical models
resource management and inter operability in network based systems
Resource Management and Inter-Operability in Network-Based Systems
  • Distributed Systems connected by networks provide various resources/services to clients:
    • Computing/storage/communication resources
    • Various Application Dependent Services
  • Resource Management Middleware
    • Resource Discovery
    • Resource allocation and scheduling
  • Inter-Operability Middleware
    • Enables the interaction of entities implemented using diverse technologies
cyber infrastructure for bridge monitoring
Cyber-infrastructure for Bridge Monitoring
  • Continuously monitoring bridges in the country is an important goal
  • Management of Bridge Infrastructure can save life and reduce maintenance cost
  • Monitoring of large number of bridges, managing and making information available at finger tips, automated health & condition assessments and management, maintenance and emergency response are various facets of this problem
  • Monitored data can be of various types: sensor data, video data, acoustic, visual inspection etc.
Robotic Tracking
  • Activmedia PeopleBot Robot
  • 2 DOF camera
    • Optical flow-based target detection and verification
    • Target’s motion is estimated using a particle filter
  • Laser rangefinder
    • It is used to determine distance between robot and target
cooperative robots and intelligence
Cooperative robots and intelligence
  • Robots have own control and navigation algorithms
  • Robots only know their position and others
intelligent video object tracking
Intelligent Video Object Tracking

Tracking, counting and timing of video objects.

research into wireless bio sensors
Research into Wireless Bio Sensors.
  • development and evaluation of biosensor wireless networking and management schemes that take into account wireless communication, power consumption and computational resource requirements,
  • development and evaluation of biometric-based user authentication and encryption for high security wireless communications,
A unified framework approach

Sensor data






Physiological status monitoring

Research: Wireless networking for biosensors, biometric-based authentication for tactical MANET, biosensor data processing, biosensor scheduling and management.
projects in network security
Projects in Network Security
  • Current projects
    • Investigation of stealthy worm attacks
    • Traffic analysis for Internet Security
  • Recent projects
    • Quantitative evaluation of network security
    • Application-aware networking
    • Public alert systems over the Internet
the lead to win program
The Lead to Win Program
  • Drive massive innovation and commercialization.
  • 9 Strategic Associates, 42 Associates
  • First phase selects right people and opportunities to which program can add value
  • Second phase anchored around the Opportunity Development Program
  • Each business in Phase III generates a minimum of 5+ knowledge/technology jobs in next three years
architecture to drive massive innovation and commercialization
Architecture to drive massive innovation and commercialization


Entrepreneurial Students (100s) and Faculty

New Business

Lead to Win

Eco-system Growth

Commercialization Eco-System.

42 successful Entrepreneurs

Lawyers, Accountants, Government, Channels to Market + 100s of others.

vehicle for regional industrial benefits ltw
Vehicle for Regional Industrial Benefits - LTW



40 business to create 5+

tech jobs

+ 18 businesses to create 50+ tech jobs.

+2 businesses to create 200+ tech jobs.




90 people,

60 businesses






IRB = $120M + 5x$8M

I. Ideas to commercialize

II. Develop opportunity

III. Launch and grow business


phase ii helps to build the foundation of business
Phase II helps to build the foundation of business

Identify and fill gaps between what she/he knows and needs to know to profitably grow business

Harden and strengthen business opportunity

Build right foundation to sell to first customers, raise funds, and attract and retain talent

Establish a large and diversified network to obtain resources, reputation and peer support

Increase motivation, energy and confidence

coral cea overview
  • Coral CEA is a not-for-profit company whose mission is to create and grow new knowledge-economy-based companies and jobs. The goal is to help make our member companies succeed in the face of daunting global competition and to accelerate the transition of their innovation from idea to cash.
  • Using a new commercialization model based on a business ecosystem, the company provides its members with easy to mash-up ‘out-of the box’ technology, enhances partnering processes, and brokers deal flow.
  • Coral CEA’s business ecosystem is anchored around Communication-Enabled Applications (CEAs), the next generation of Information and Communication technology (ICT). The ability to embed advanced telecom capabilities into business processes will drive overall application productivity, providing a competitive value proposition to members.
view of toolbox


























View of Toolbox


The Sandbox



mitacs accelerate
  • The conduit between the partner organization — a company, government department/agency or not-for-profit — and the university is a graduate student or post-doctoral fellow. Internship projects can be undertaken in a wide range of areas including manufacturing, technical innovation, business processes, IT, social sciences, design and many more.
  • The details:
  • An intern spends approximately half of their time over a four-month period on site with the partner, gaining a better understanding of the research issue in question. The balance of the intern’s time is spent at the university, further advancing the research under the guidance of a faculty supervisor. Internships can be combined into larger, 8 or 12-month projects. For a four-month internship, the organization contributes $7,500 which is equally matched by MITACS through the support of federal and provincial funding partners.
  • The Department of Systems and Computer Engineering and the Research Centre in Technology Innovation (RCTI) are a unique grouping of approximately 60 faculty and 100’s of students.
  • The research is focused on networks of computers, wireless systems, sensors, autonomous systems, devices and commercialization.
  • Applications in emergency management systems, communications, control, healthcare, transportation, military, smart grids, smart phones, social networks, etc.
  • Develop new businesses in the use and integration of networked computers, information systems, navigation systems, communication systems and control systems.