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The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment. Progress Review Meeting Ulaanbaatar June 22 nd , 2005. Outline. Mongolia: Context Environmental Challenges The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment (NEMO TF) Component I: Self-standing AAA

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the netherlands mongolia trust fund for the environment

The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment

Progress Review Meeting

Ulaanbaatar

June 22nd, 2005

outline
Outline
  • Mongolia:
    • Context
    • Environmental Challenges
  • The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment (NEMO TF)
    • Component I: Self-standing AAA
    • Component II: Co-financing of Environment Components in World Bank Ongoing Projects
    • Component III: Project Development
  • Disbursements & Commitments
  • Implementation Issues
  • Next Steps
mongolia context
Mongolia - Context
  • Mongolia:
    • Is a large, landlocked country (1.564 Km2) in Central Asia
    • Has a total population is 2.3 million (2000 Census):
      • 30% of which lives in Ulaanbaatar;
      • Overall, 78% of total population lives in ger areas; about 60% of urban population still lives in ger areas
    • Is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world (1.63 people per Km 2)
    • Is heavily dependent on natural resources and the environment for its development and economic growth
mongolia environmental challenges
Mongolia – Environmental Challenges
  • Growing population and changing lifestyles are intensifying pressure on the country’s fragile ecosystems
  • Overgrazing is degrading significant areas and displacing wildlife from his habitats
  • Pollution from industrial and urban sources is negatively affecting environmental quality
  • Human and financial resources for environment and natural resources management are limited, and institutional capacity is weak
the netherlands mongolia trust fund for the environment nemo tf
The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment (NEMO TF)
  • NEMO TF was established in November 2004, with an endowment of US$ 5.88 million from the Dutch Government
  • It has three components:
    • Bank-executed technical assistance ($ 1.1 million + $ 0. 380 million for contingency)
    • Government-executed support for on-going projects ($ 3.6 million)
    • Government-executed preparation of new projects ($ 0.8 million)
  • NEMO TF represents an outstanding opportunity to achieve progress on environmental governance in Mongolia
component i self standing technical assistance
Component I: Self-standing Technical Assistance
  • AAA activities under this component focus on the Green and Brown Agendas; specifically:
    • Green Agenda
      • Illegal Wildlife Trade in Mongolia
      • Forest Cover Mapping of Arkhangai, Khuvsgul and Bulgan Aimags
      • Assessment of the Success of Reforestation Projects in Mongolia
      • Updating Nomenclature of Selected Groups of Animals and Plants of Economic and Conservation Importance
      • Conference on Buddhism and the Environment
    • Brown Agenda
      • Tourism development in Mongolia and its Impacts on the Natural and Social Environment
      • Moving up the value-chain in livestock-based industries: Implications for Environmental Policy, Regulations and Management
      • Urban Environmental Services in Secondary Cities in Mongolia
      • Review of Toxic Chemicals Used in Mongolia
  • Total Netherlands TF Financing is US$ 1.1 million
component ii co financing of environment components in wb projects
Component II: Co-financing of Environment Components in WB Projects
  • Activities under this component complement already on-going loans and grants activities; specifically:
    • Second Urban Services Improvement Project
      • Total Loan Amount: US$ 20 million (an IDA Credit of US$16 M; an AusAID Grant of US$3.35 M, and an UB Municipality contribution of US$2.3 million);
      • Total Dutch Co-financing: US$ 1,850,000 for Community Development Sanitation in Ger Areas of Ulaanbaatar and the Geser Sum Sacred Urban Landscape Protection Initiative
    • Sustainable Livelihood Project
      • Total Loan Amount: US$ 22 million (APL)
      • Total Dutch Co-financing: US$ 200,000 for Well Rehabilitation on Wild Ass in the Gobi Desert
component ii co financing of environment components in wb projects ii
Component II: Co-financing of Environment Components in WB Projects (II)
  • Dynamics of Biodiversity Loss and Permafrost Melt in Lake Hovsgol National Park Project
    • Total Grant Amount: US$ 1 million (GEF MSP)
    • Total Dutch Co-financing: US$ 250,000 for the organization of the Workshop and Associated Training Program on Ecosystem Dynamics and Environmental Management
  • Strengthening Environmental Management Capacity at National and Local Level Project
    • Total Grant Amount: US$ 270,000 (IDF Grant for IDA Countries)
    • Total Dutch Co-financing is US$ 1.2 million for Strengthening Environmental Management Capacity
component iii project development
Component III: Project Development
  • The main objective of this component is to facilitate the development of environment and natural resources management projects; current effort focus on:
    • Forest Resources Management Project
      • Proposed Loan Amount: US$ 5 million (IDA credit
      • Total Dutch Co-Financing: US$ 750,000
    • Retrofitting of Polluting and Inefficient Heat-only Boilers in Ulaanbaatar and Selected Aimags
      • Proposed Grant Amount: US$ 4 million (GEF grant)
      • Total Dutch Co-Financing: US$ 150,000
implementation issues
Implementation Issues
  • The Bank-executed activities (all under Component I) are complex; however, their implementation is relatively straightforward and on schedule
  • The implementation of the Government-executed activities involves six agencies, it is proving challenging, and experiencing delays due to:
    • The formulation of the Grant Agreement and financial management arrangements;
    • The need for the new Special Accounts to be opened in bank/s approved by the World Bank;
  • MoF has worked to simplify the disbursement processes for the NEMO TF by making itself the only signatory on Withdrawal Requests
next steps
Next Steps
  • Take stock of the status of disbursements and discuss/decide about possible reallocations of funds
  • Complete the contracting within USIP2 and SLP – allowing for work to be continued after final payments
  • Define the Forestry project and determine what can be spent (and on what) by December 1st, 2005
  • Advance the work on retrofitting boilers
  • Review the existing timeline for components II and III to ensure timely completion of all the activities
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