Topics in nutrition and food science. Dr M. Altamimi. Characteristics of Modern life. Urbanisation Ready to eat food, fast food and processed food. High calories (fat and carbohydrate) low fibre . Low in vitamins and minerals. Packaging. Not natural preservation.
Dr M. Altamimi
Diet – together with physical exercise – plays a major role when we try to prevent or postpone the onset of chronic conditions such as the metabolic syndrome.
In the uterus:
Consumption of formula instead of breast milk in infancy has also been shown to increase diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure in later life. Obesity
(type 1 diabetes, coeliac disease, some childhood cancers, inflammatory bowel disease) have also been associated with infant feeding on breast-milk substitutes and short-term breastfeeding
Most chronic diseases are present at later period of life - the result of interactions between multiple disease processes as well as more general losses in physiological functions (due to risk factors)
= lack of oxygen and adapted metabolism.
superoxide anion O2-
hydroxyl radical (OH-),
lipid radical (LOO-),
peroxy radicals (XOO-)
and singlet oxygen (O-).
ROS are products of mitochondrial respiration (energy production).
Life style: stress, pollution, smoking and low activity.