The Benefits of 4-H Youth Development Participation. Karen Nelson Columbia County 4-H Youth Development Educator. Audience: Stakeholders User Groups Purpose: Explains the background of 4-H Youth Development programming. Discusses the value of non-formal educational programs.
4-H Youth Development Educator
A. 2 million
B. 4 million
C. 6 million
D. 7 million
Answer: Over 7 million young people in 3,051 counties. Over 1.5 million were members of 4-H clubs. Over 4 million participated in school-enrichment groups.
4-H youth development facts in brief.” (2003)
A. 10,000B. 20,000C. 33,000D. 50,000
Source: Wisconsin ES-237 Report (2003)
Amount of money county government in Wisconsin invested in 4-H Youth Development staff and support in 2001?A. $2 millionB. $3.5 millionC. $4.5 millionD. $5 million
Answer: In 2001, County government in Wisconsin invested about $3.5 million in 4-H Youth Development staff and support, including both fully funded county 4-H staff and county-university cost-shared faculty and staff.
“Investing in Wisconsin’s youth – 4-H youth development.” (2001)
What did Wisconsin counties get for that investment?A. Participation of 245,000 young people in 4-H programs.B. Between $19.05 and $40.35 million return on investment.C. 10,000 community service projects by 4-H members and their families.D. All of the above.
Answer: D. All of the above.Nearly 245,000 youth were reached through 4-H in 2003.$3.7 million – $25 million for delinquency prevention$1.25 million for volunteer work on behalf of communities$4.6 million in state and federal funds.$9.5 million for volunteer work for Extension programsMore than 10,000 local service projects are conducted annually.
“Investing in Wisconsin’s youth – 4-H youth development.” (2001) and WI ES237 Report
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4-H Youth Development moves individuals, communities and programs toward positive youth development.
Positive Youth Development:… occurs from an intentional process that promotes positive outcomes for young people by providing opportunities, choices, relationships, and the support necessary for youth to fully participate.
A major strength of 4-H is the variety of activities in which youth can choose to be involved. Another strength is the emphasis in 4-H of providing family-based activities.
Having considered the benefits of extracurricular activities for children, particularly those that involved parents, let’s consider some evidence about the benefits of 4-H in particular.
Youth involved in positive out-of-school alternatives develop critical skills: leadership, self-confidence, caring.
Astroth (2001) - Montana
Minnesota 4-H Youth Survey (2002)
Lerner (2003) – National 4-H Impact Study
4-H Alumni remain more active in their communities throughout their lives than youth participants in other non-formal, structured youth organizations.
Ladewig (1987) - Texas
Minnesota 4-H Youth Survey (2002)
4-H club members scored higher than youth (with or without other club participation) who completed a Search Institute Survey on all developmental assets including:
Mead (1999) – New York
Lackey (2004) - Wisconsin
Forsythe (2004) - Wisconsin
Forsythe, Matysik & Nelson (2004) - Wisconsin
Texas 4-H impact assessment (2000)
Through 4-H, club members gain skills:69 – 86% gained leadership skills.45 – 49% improved their leadership skills in getting along with others, having a friendly personality, respecting other and setting goals.45 – 61% improved in determining needs, using information to solve problems, showing responsible attitudes, and being tactful.40 – 44% improved their skills in trusting other people and using logical thinking.40 – 44% improved their skills in considering alternatives, solving problems, considering input from all group members, being flexible, selecting alternatives, handling mistakes, listening effectively, having positive self-concept, clarifying values, and having good manners.
Clark (1998) – Illinois
References:“4-H youth development facts in brief.” (2003) Retrieved on December 23, 2004 from http://www.national4-hheadquarters.gov/library/2003factsbrief.pdfAstroth, Kirk. (2001). “Research findings show the impact of 4-H” Montana 4-H Research Summary, Montana State University. http://www.montana.edu/www4h/4hsurvey.pdfAstroth, Kirk, and George Haynes. (2002). “More than cows and cooking: Newest research shows the impact of 4-H.” Journal of Extension. 40(4). www.joe.org/joe/2002august/a6.shtmlBoyd, Barry L., Don R. Herring, and Gary E. Briers. (1992). “Developing life skills in youth.” Journal of Extension. 30 (4). www.joe.org/joe/1992winter/a4.htmlCantrell, Joy, Anne L. Heinsohn, and Melanie K Doebler. (1989). “Is it worth the costs?” Journal of Extension. 27(1). www.joe.org/joe/1989spring/a4.htmlClark, Charlie, Carol Wilcoxen, Cheryl Geitner, Dianne White, Sarah Anderson, and Diane Baker. (1998). “Assessing leadership life skills gained through 4-H.” Illinois Extension Service.Forsythe, Katie, Robert Matysik, and Karen Nelson. (2004) “Impact of the 4-H camp counselor experience.” Department of Youth Development, University of Wisconsin – Extension.Gamon, Julia, and Ond Pedro Dehegedus-Hetzel. (1994). “Swine project skill development.” Journal of Extension. 32(1). www.joe.org/joe/1994june/rb5.html
References (cont):Investing in Wisconsin’s youth – 4-H youth development.” (2001) Retrieved December 23, 2004 from UW-Extension Web site: http://www.uwex.edu/ces/admin/documents/youthvalue1.htmKress, Cathann A.. (2004.) “What does America need from 4-H?” Prepared for Connecticut 4-H Newsletter. Retrieved December 23, 2004 from National 4-H Headquarters Web site: http://www.national4-hheadquarters.gov/library/ct_article.pdfLackey, Jill Florence & Associates. “Evaluation of the Wisconsin 4-H animal science projects.” (2004.) A Youth Development Program of the University of Wisconsin-Extension.Ladewig, Howard and John Thomas. (1987). “Does 4-H make a difference?” The Texas A & M University System.Lerner, Jacqueline. “4-H study on positive youth development.” Tufts University. Retrieved December 23, 2004, from the California 4-H Youth Development Program Web site: http://ca4h.org/4hresource/updates/attach/4HPYD.htm.McLaughlin, M.W. (2000). “Community Counts: How youth organizations matter for youth development”, Executive Summary Abstract. Retrieved January 11, 2005 from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children & Families Web site: http://www.acf.dhhs.gov/programs/fysb/abstracts.htm
References (cont):Mead, June, Eunice Rodriquez, Thomas Hirschl and Stephen Goggin. (1999). Understanding the difference 4-H clubs make in the lives of New York youth: How 4-H contributes to positive youth development. www.cce.cornell.edu/4h/resources/4-HClubStudy.htmMiller, Jeffrey P. and Blannie E. Bowen. (1993). “Competency, coping, and contributory life skills development of early adolescents.” Journal of Agricultural Education. Spring: 68-76. http://pubs.aged.tamu.edu/jae/pdf/Vol34/34-01-68.pdfRussell, Stephen T. (2001). “The developmental benefits of nonformal education and youth development.” 4-H Center for Youth Development Focus. The University of California, Davis.Smith, Allan T., (2002). “4-H youth development facts in brief.” Retrieved December 23, 2004 from National 4-H Headquarters Web site: http://4h.ifas.ufl.edu/newsandinfo/Stats/2002/4HFacts2002.pdf“Texas 4-H impact assessment.” (2000) Retrieved June 30, 2004, from University of Florida Extension Service Web site: http://4h.ifas.ufl.edu/newsandinfo/researchfindings.htmWard, Carol Knowlton. (1996). “Life skill development related to participation in 4-H animal science projects.” Journal of Extension. 34(2). www.joe.org/joe/1996april/rb2.html