What is the American Dream?. " that dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement, regardless of social class or circumstances of birth”. Economics. Marketing Co-Op. Economics Defined.
What is the American Dream? "that dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement, regardless of social class or circumstances of birth”
Economics Marketing Co-Op
Economics Defined Economy: the organized way a nation provides for the needs and wants of it’s people Economics: the management of the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services (meeting unlimited wants with limited resources)
Economic Activities • Production:Make It! • Consumption: Use It! • Exchange: Trade It! • Distribution:Give It Out!
Economic Resources Human Resources Natural Resources Capital Goods
Human Resources People Only some of the world’s people are willing and able to work There may be a shortage of workers for a certain job or profession • People lack training or skills needed (computers, police force) • People are not interested in filling certain jobs (fast food, janitorial work)
Natural Resources Nature Resources found in nature that can be used to produce goods or services • Examples: • Wildlife, plant life, bodies of water, weather conditions, minerals, natural gas, etc. Natural resources become economic resources when used in production of goods and services
Capital Goods Materials, such as machinery, used to produce a finished product Reflects the state of technology that exists in society • Examples: • Machinery, buildings, transportation, furniture, computer equipment (technology), etc.
Economic Resources Why is resource limited? HUMAN Must be willing and able, lack of training RESOURCES NATURAL Earth is finite, pollution, wrong season, drought CAPITAL Break (need repair), don’t last, poor quality
Human Resources Affect on Business How do employers deal with a shortage of workers for a certain job or profession? Offer higher wages Offer training and retraining Increase promotions/incentives Increase technology
Natural Resources Affect on Business All natural resources are limited Some of the earth’s resources are difficult and costly to obtain Not all countries have the ability to tap into all of their natural resources (lack technology and equitment) When natural resources are limited, prices go up on products that require these resources (gas)
Capital Goods Affect on Business Companies try to maintain the capital goods they already have to minimize cost Companies look for alternative capital goods to increase profit and get an edge of competitors They modify current technology to become more efficient
Three Economic Questions What countries ask themselves when considering economic decisions • What product or services to produce • How to produce those products and services • For whomto produce the products and services
Economic Goods and Services Economic Good: Tangible Item Economic Service: Intangible
Needs vs.Wants VS. NEEDS WANTS something you have to have something you would like to have
Economic Wants WANTS Non-Economic Economic Why are wants always unlimited?
Scarcity The difference between what consumers want and need and what the available resources are Unlimited Wants Limited Resources SCARCITY - =
Economic Choices Trade Off Having to make a choice between two or more things Envelope A Envelope B or Opportunity Costs Everything you gave up by making that choice