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Demand Driven Vocational Training; Certification & Recognition of Skills Situation Analysis – India Presentation by Y.P. Sharma Director (Trg.) DGE&T Yp_2007@yahoo.com Ministry of Labour & Employment http://dget.gov.in.
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Situation Analysis – India
Presentation by Y.P. Sharma
Ministry of Labour & Employment
Situation Analysis – India
Internationally, the terms “Vocational Education”
and “Vocational Training” are used interchangeably
or the use of combined term- ”Vocational Education and Training” (VET).
In Indian Context- education and training
have been traditionally separated.
Management Structure : National & State Level
Vocational Training is a concurrent subject :
DGE&T is the nodal department for formulating policies, laying down standards, curriculum development, affiliation of institutes/ courses, trade testing and certification.
Two tripartite bodies, viz. The Central Apprenticeship Council (CAC) and the National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) advise Central Government on various aspects of VT
Corresponding State Councils advise the State Governments in respect of vocational training at State level.
The State Governments are responsible for implementation of Vocational Training Programmes at the State level .
Management Structure National & State Level
State Government Departments deliver vocational training through :-
Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs)- under the administrative and financial control of the respective State Government .
Industrial Training Centers (ITCs)- privately funded and managed (some get support from State Governments)
Vocational Training for school leavers :
Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS):
Vocational Training is offered through more that 5000 institutes (ITIs/ITCs) in 107 trades for student with 8th to 12th class pass ; duration 6 months to 3 years .
ITI Graduates after completion of training and qualifying the Trade Test are awarded National Trade Certificate (NTC) and perceived as semi-skilled workers
Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS ):
Shop floor training is offered through 20,700 establishments in 153 trade for student with 8th to 12th class qualification and ITI Certificate holders ; duration 6 months to 4 years .
Trainees after qualifying the Trade Test are awarded National Apprenticeship Certificate (NAC) and perceived as skilled workers
In-service Training :
Women Training :
Industrial workers upgrade their skills through short term training programmes offered at DGET field Institutes and selected ITIs in specialized areas.
These trained workers are perceived to be highly skilled
Various Ministries at Central and State level are also providing specialized training to workers as per the requirement.
500 ITIs (100 from domestic and 400 with World Bank assistance) are being upgraded into Centre of Excellence . The highlights of the COEs are:
National system of Testing & CertificationTesting and Certification – (Skills acquired through formal training )
A well established trade testing & certification system in the country.
28 All India Trade Tests held annually for different levels.
Trainees of ITIs/ITCs and trade Apprentice in companies are subjected to trade tests at the national Level .
Written and Practical test , Question Papers are prepared involving trade experts from Industry
Test papers moderation by academicians.
National Trade Certificate and National App.Certificate are awarded under the aegis of NCVT to ITI Graduates and Trade Apprentices respectively.
Recognition- employability perspective
Certificates awarded under CTS and ATS are recognized qualification for employment under States and Central Government deptts / Undertakings .
National Certification has credibility both with in the country & abroad .
Industrial workers after skill upgradation are awarded certificates at the institute level, which is recognized by sponsoring organization. .
Skill Competition for Craftsmen -- 13 trades – once a year
Skill Competition for Apprentices – 15 trades - twice a year -local, regional & All India Level .
Best Craftsmen , Best Apprentices - Merit certificates & Cash price.
Best State – Certificate of Merit & running shield
Best Establishment - Certificate of Honour from the Hon’ble President of India & running trophy .
Work Skills Competitions conducted jointly by DGE&T & CII once a year in nine trades for its member industries .
attainment results in stagnation without any scope for elevation.
Testing and Certification – Initiatives for recognizing informal learning
Need for introducing system for Testing & Certification of skills acquired informally
Initiative for Testing and Certification of skills of workers who have not undergone any formal institution training was taken up.
Implemented through 3 approved agencies/bodies and 17 State Governments
Competency based skill standards have been developed for 47 skill areas mainly for construction sector .
Skill Development for informal sector
To provide skill training to, economically weaker section & less educated persons - a new framework for skill development is being evolved. Competency oriented employable skill training will be offered on modular basis.
The scheme envisaged to train and certify 1 million persons in five years in employable skills .
Thereafter 1 million people will be trained every year .
These acquired qualifications will be expressed in terms of learning outcomes. For skill progression of this target group a national qualification frame work is being evolved.
ILO recommendation 195 on frame work for recognition and certification of skills adopted by the ILO conference at ninety –second session Geneva,17th June,2004
Development of National Qualification framework
Mutual recognition of Qualification and harmonization of skill standards
Obstacle/ barrier free mobility of workers
( In practice national qualifications are considered superior)
Raising skill levels of workers