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Short Answer Responses. Short Answer Response. For each SAR, you will have a box like the one to the side that allows you ten (10) lines for your answer. You cannot write outside of the box, and you cannot “double line” in order to squeeze more writing in the box. Make an assertion

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short answer response
Short Answer Response

For each SAR, you will have a box like the one to the side that allows you ten (10) lines for your answer. You cannot write outside of the box, and you cannot “double line” in order to squeeze more writing in the box.

short answer response format

Make an assertion

  • Supply the evidence
  • Comment on the quotation
  • Your SAR may have more than three (3) sentences. This format provides you with the minimum required to craft a sufficient response.
Short Answer Response Format
assertion

Answer the question!

  • Be insightful! Do not just provide a literal, superficial response to the question.
  • Do NOT include your quote within your assertion! The assertion and textual evidence should be two distinct sentences.
Assertion
supply the evidence

Introduce the quotation: name the speaker/narrator and explaining briefly the situation/context of the quotation

  • Quote: a word, phrase, line or lines from a text or source (should support the assertion and be included in the same sentence as its introduction)
  • Document the quotation: with the author’s name and page number inside parentheses
Supply the evidence
using quotations effectively

Verbs are all in present tense when speaking of events in literature.

    • Past tense: In “Harrison Bergeron,” Harrison and the ballerina were shot by the Handicapper General (Vonnegut 6).
    • Present tense: In “Harrison Bergeron,” Harrison and the ballerina are shot by the Handicapper General (Vonnegut 6).
Using Quotations Effectively
using quotes effectively

Quote blending: Blend the text as if the words were already a natural part of the sentence

    • Not Blended Quote: “And she had to apologize at once for her voice, which was a very unfair voice for a woman to use. Her voice was a warm, luminous, timeless melody” (Vonnegut).
    • Blended Quote: The ballerina who reads the bulletin on the live TV broadcast “[apologizes] for her voice… [because] her voice [is] a warm, luminous, timeless melody” (Vonnegut).
Using Quotes Effectively
brackets

Brackets: Brackets are used to insert text not in the original quote.

    • Original Quote: “The knob of the uprooted studio door was still in his hand. Ballerinas, technicians, musicians, and announcers cowered on their knees before him, expecting to die” (Vonnegut).
    • Quote with Brackets: “The knob of the uprooted studio door [is] still in [Harrison’s] hand. [Everyone cowers]on their knees before him, expecting to die” (Vonnegut).
Brackets
ellipses

Ellipses: Ellipses are used when a writer wants to leave out part of the quotation to show that some text has been omitted.

  • Original Quote: “Not only were the laws of the land abandoned, but the law of gravity and the laws of motion as well. They reeled, whirled, swiveled, flounced, capered, gamboled, and spun.”
  • Quote with Ellipses: In the room “…the laws of the land were abandoned… they reeled, whirled, swiveled, flounced, capered, gamboled, and spun.”
Ellipses
commentary

DO NOT END YOUR ANSWER WITH A QUOTE!!! Always provide commentary after the quote.

  • You are adding commentary to your answer – you are not:
    • Re-stating your assertion
    • Summarizing the quote(s) you provided
  • However when crafting your commentary, do not go beyond the concepts contained in the text evidence. If you provide new information, you must have textual support to defend it.
Commentary
final reminders

Remember that there are three parts to your answer:

    • Assertion
    • Evidence (must be blended and cited)
    • Commentary
    • Tips: Fill up the box, but do not go outside the lines or make your own lines! Don't be afraid to have more than one sentence of commentary. Do not always blend your quotes the same way. You can use more than one piece of evidence. Never end in a quote. Speak about literature in present tense.
Final Reminders
general guidelines

Font size 12 pt

  • Times New Roman
  • Double-spaced
  • 1” margins
  • Indent the first line of all paragraphs
  • Useitalics throughout your essay only when absolutely necessaryif attempting to provide emphasis.
  • Quotation Marks are used for article titles
General Guidelines
first page guidelines

No title page (unless requested)

  • In the upper left-hand corner of the first page, list your name, your instructor's name, the course, and the date(all double-spaced). Your date should look like this: 28 April 2014
  • Double space again and center the title. Do not underline, italicize, or place your title in quotation marks
  • Create a header that numbers all pages in the upper right-hand corner .5” away from top of page
First Page Guidelines
example

**Notice that there are no extra spaces between the heading and title, the title and paper, or between paragraphs!

Example