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DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT. EE6633 DESIGN OF LOW VOLTAGE SYSTEM TANDIN JAMTSHO STUDENT # 3226091 MScE . Outline . Introduction Demand Side Management Implementation of the goals of Demand Side Management. Conclusion. References. Introduction.

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demand side energy management





STUDENT # 3226091


  • Introduction
  • Demand Side Management
  • Implementation of the goals of Demand Side Management.
  • Conclusion.
  • References.
  • The International Energy Agency (IEA), established in 1974, is an intergovernmental body committed to advancing security of energy supply, economic growth and environmental sustainability.
  • The goals of IEA are:
  • Diversity, efficiency and flexibility within the energy sector.
  • Environmental sustainable provision and use of energy.
the goals of iea cont
The goals of IEA (cont)
  • Development and use of more environmental-acceptable energy sources
  • Improve energy efficiency.
  • Research, development and market deployment of new and improved technologies.
  • Undistorted energy prices
the goals of iea cont5
The goals of IEA (cont)
  • Free and open trade
  • Cooperation among all energy market participants.
  • To achieve those goals, the IEA carries out a comprehensive program of energy cooperation and serves as a energy forum for its 26 member countries.
iea demand side energy management
IEA Demand side Energy Management
  • The Demand Side Energy Management Programmne of IEA, which was initiated in 1993, deals with a variety of strategies to reduce energy demand. The following 17 member countries and the European Commission have been working to identify and promote opportunities for DSEM.
demand side energy management definition
Demand side Energy Management Definition
  • Energy demand management is often referred to also as demand side management (DSM). Energy demand management usually implies actions that influence the quantity of energy consumed by users. It can also include actions targeting reduction of peak demand during periods when energy supply systems are constrained. Peak demand management does not necessarily decrease total energy consumption but could be expected to reduce the need for investments in networks and/or power plants.
demand side energy management definition8
Demand side Energy Management Definition
  • The term DSM was coined in the 1970's when the 1973 energy crisis and 1979 energy crisis made it clear that some of the most convenient fossil fuelenergy reserves, such as crude oil, are approaching exhaustion The Demand Side Energy Management Programmne of IEA, which was initiated in 1993, deals with a variety of strategies to reduce energy demand.
demand side energy management9
Demand side Energy Management
  • Vision:

In order to create more reliable and more sustainable energy systems and markets, demand side measures should be the first considered and actively incorporated into energy policies and business strategies.

  • Mission:

To deliver to our stakeholders useful information and effective guidance for crafting and implementing DSM policies and measures, as well as technologies and applications that facilitate energy system operations or needed market transformations.

task i international database on demand side management technologies and programmes
Task –I: International Database on Demand Side management Technologies and Programmes
  • The pilot project was to explore the feasibility of and nature of an international database on DSM programmes for an international database.
  • To build on the results of the first, to identify DSM programme for an international data base.
task i international database on demand side management technologies and programmes16
Task –I: International Database on Demand Side management Technologies and Programmes
  • Questionnaires were distributed to collect information on DSM programme and analyse the response.
  • The programme information was entered into the database.
  • This information is used for analysis.
task ii communication technologies for demand side management
Task –II: Communication Technologies for Demand-Side management
  • This task is to assess the best available options and strategies for applying communications to DSM.
  • The assessment has covered communication technologies for load control, data transmission, data processing, load management, automated meter reading and billing, customer alarm services, customer generation management.
  • The main criteria for evaluating these technologies is their potential to improve the efficiency of energy resource use and to provide customers with better services at lower cost.
task iii co operative procurement of innovative technologies for demand side management
Task –III: Co-operative Procurement of Innovative Technologies for Demand-Side Management
  • A process for collaborative procurement actions for introduction of innovative, more energy-efficient products was developed and tested.
  • A cloth drier with energy use cut by half, electric motor with loss reduced by 20-40% and copiers for the future where energy use has been reduced by around 25% are the examples.
  • The products are now commercially available at reasonable rate.
task iv development of improved methods for integrating demand side options into resource planning
Task –IV: Development of Improved Methods for Integrating Demand-Side Options into Resource Planning
  • Participants performed a review and comparative assessment of government and utility power sector planning priorities in IEA-member and non-member countries with a view to their implications for the integration of DSM options to resource planning.
  • They also complied information on the methods, techniques and models for demand forecasting and integrated planning being used in their respective countries by utilities and government.
Task –V: Investigation of Techniques for Implementation of Demand-Side Management Technology in the Marketplace
  • Participants developed a common methodology for implementing DSM technology with residential small commercial and small industrial customers.
  • This methodology modelled small customer markets in basic units with objective characteristics such as kind of end-use equipment, cost of the network equipment, family or business types, and socio-cultural values.
task vi mechanism for promoting dsm and energy efficiency in changing electricity business
Task –VI: Mechanism for Promoting DSM and Energy Efficiency in Changing Electricity Business
  • Four types of mechanisms were developed:
  • Control mechanism- these are used to direct energy business to change behaviour.
  • Funding mechanism- these provide funding for the other mechanism.
  • Support mechanism- these provide support for behavioural changes by end users.
  • Market mechanism- these enable the use of market forces to encourage behavioural change by end users and electricity business.
task vii international collaboration on market transformation
Task –VII: International Collaboration on Market Transformation
  • To reduce greenhouse gas emission through greater energy efficiency provides the driving force behind the Market Transformation Task.
  • Task is expected to facilitate a new approach so that new energy efficient technologies penetrate the market.
task viii demand side bidding in a competitive electricity market
Task –VIII: Demand Side Bidding in a Competitive Electricity Market
  • AS a means of improving the efficiency operation of the electricity supply chain demand side competitive bidding was introduced.
  • DSB can improve the efficiency of the electricity supply chain by increasing the competition in the whole sale energy market.
  • DSB can be used to balance electricity demand and supply and also maintain the quality and security of supply.
task ix the role of municipalities in a liberalized system
Task –IX: The Role of Municipalities in a Liberalized system
  • Demand side management includes action to improve energy efficiency, load management and action to reduce CO2 emission by energy substitution.
  • Local authority in this field were assessed for replicability, response to social and political needs.
task x performance contracting
Task –X: Performance Contracting
  • The objective is to facilitate the use of performance contracts and other energy service company contracts.
  • Property owner may lack money to invest in new equipment.
  • A property owner only wants to pay for the equipment once.
task xi cooperation energy standards
Task –XI: Cooperation Energy Standards
  • The objective is to address the widespread problem of disjoint standards for energy using products and systems in different parts of the world.
  • Hold meeting, conduct studies and prepare reports on specific opportunities and issue relevant to energy standards.
task xii demand side response
Task –XII: Demand side response
  • The objective is to deliver the necessary methodology, business process, infrastructure, tools and implementation plans for the rapid deployment of demand response.
  • Create a toolkit for characterizing existing electricity market.
  • Integrate previous work of the program on demand response and create a platform for future work particularly on enabling technologies for demand response.
task xiii network driven demand side management
Task –XIII: Network Driven Demand Side Management
  • This task was initiated to identify and develop DSM measures to overcome the types of electricity network problems linked to the blackouts 2003 in Europe and USA.
  • Network problems are becoming significant in countries where electricity demand is increasing and network infrastructure (pole and wires) is aging.
  • As loads grow and infrastructure reaches the end of its economic life, the potential cost of augmenting networks is increasing exponentially.
  • Without the more effective use of energy we would have to use 50% more energy than we actually do today.
  • Demand Side Energy Management focus on harnessing clean energy.
  • Reliability, security and quality of power supply are the main concern of DSM.