DBQ: Constitution Interpretation. The Federalists versus the Democratic-Republicans. Step 1: Think on the Prompt.
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The Federalists versus the Democratic-Republicans
Hook to provide historical context
Topic sentences should have no evidence or examples. We are looking for 3 separate sentences.
Thesis should be a complete thought to answer the “why” or “because”, and include a time frame. It should be able to “stand alone.”
Watch for “value” words!
During the period of 1801-1817, the Democratic-Republicans and the Federalists had different views of the constitution: strict and loose constructionism. TJ and JM were two Democratic-Republican presidents who had strict views of the constitution. However in some situations, TJ loosely interpreted the Constitution by adopting many of the Federalist practices. The Federalists in the Hartford Conventionwere strict about the Constitution when they viewed many objectives of the War of 1812 as unconstitutional. Throughout the time period of 1801-1817, TJ had both a strict view and a loose view of the Constitution as did the Federalists while they dominated the Federal government.
Even though history books portray Jefferson Republicans and Federalists as two very diverse parties with opposite views of the Constitution, when the Democratic-Republicans became president, their views of the Constitution changed. In the election of 1800, the Democratic-Republicans ended up keeping much of Hamilton’s financial plan in place. The Elastic Clause was used to support economic and military decisions of the Democratic-Republicans. With the Democratic-Republicans in power, the philosophy of state’s rights shifted from the Jeffersonians to the Federalists. Although the two political parties began with opposing views on the constitution in the late 1700s, their ideas reversed as power shifted to Jefferson and Madison.
Reword the 1st Topic Sentence
Include at least 2 docs in a paragraph
No quoting documents
Watch spelling errors and slang
Write in past tense
Don’t “describe” but “analyze” with complete thoughts
Toward the end of Jefferson’s presidency, loose constructionism became common throughout his party with the adaptation of Hamilton’s financial plan. In Jefferson’s letter to Samuel Kercheval he stated that citizens have to adapt to the Constitution depending on the era.(Doc G) So even though Jefferson allowed for the expiration of the Alien and Sedition Acts and the repeal of the Excise Tax, all other programs in the Report on Public Credit stayed in place. In fact, Madison instituted the first protective tariff in 1816, which John Randolph laments in his speech to the House of Representatives. (Doc. F) Randolph accuses Madison of being just like John Adams in his approach to loosely interpreting the Constitution’s commerce compromise to raise revenue for the federal government. (Doc. F) In fact, the only provision of staunch Federalist Alexander Hamilton not passed by Congress in 1789, was one that called for a protective tariff. It was viewed by southern exporters as being a violation of the 10th Amendment which protected state’s rights and disallowed the favoring of one state over another since the south would face recipical protective tariffs from both France and England. I could also go on and talk about the repeal of the Excise tax (Doc F) as well as the use of the elastic clause with the BUS (Doc A, C, D, F)