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ITS in Singapore

ITS in Singapore

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ITS in Singapore

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  1. ITS in Singapore Deployment and Innovation of ITS in SingaporeDer-Horng Lee, PhDAssociate ProfessorDepartment of Civil EngineeringNational University of Singapore

  2. Singapore is a city state in South East Asia, a garden city.

  3. Independence: 9 August 1965 Land: approx. 660 sq km Population: approx. 4 million Vehicles: approx. 700,000

  4. Singapore in Global Transportation • World top airport: Changi Int’l Airport • World top airline: Singapore Airlines • World busiest port: number 1 transshipment port • World top port operator: PSA • Comprehensive and efficient land transport systems: backboned by ITS

  5. Land Transport in Singapore • Total road length 3,110 km (including 150 km of expressways and 571 km of major arterials) • Vehicle population: 710,000 (including 400,000 private passenger cars) • Mass rapid transit: 65 stations, 105 km of tracks • Bus transport: 3,400 buses serving 200+ routes, 2 operators • Taxi: 19,000 fleet size, 7 operators • Mode share: 55% by bus and mass transit

  6. N Rapid Transit Network - 2030 WOODLANDS SELETAR TAMPINES JURONG EAST Heavy Capacity Strategic MRT Medium Capacity Strategic LRT Light Capacity LRT

  7. Land Transport Authority (LTA) • Established in 1995 • Under Ministry of Transport • Single agency responsible for land transport policy, facilities, operations and management • ITS has been adopted as a main strategy

  8. LTA’s White Paper Multi-pronged strategy • Integrated planning • Expansion of road network • Improve public transport • Demand management • Harness advanced technologies

  9. ITS Deployments in Singapore • Expressway Monitoring and Advisory System (EMAS) • Adaptive traffic signal control, GLIDE (Singapore’s version of SCATS) • Transit.Smart • Traffic.Smart • i-transport

  10. Road Pricing • Manual road pricing introduced in the Central Business District (CBD) since 1975 • High manpower needs, inconvenient, limited in varying road pricing charges

  11. Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) • Automated with the Road Pricing system (Area Licensing Scheme, ALS) • Fully replacing the manual scheme in Sep 98 • A new generation of ERP is being studied

  12. Gantry Equipment 1/3 • Antennae

  13. Gantry Equipment 2/3 • Antennae • Vehicle Detectors

  14. Gantry Equipment 3/3 • Antennae • Vehicle Detectors • Enforcement Cameras

  15. How does it work? Local Controller Housing Central Computer System Comms. Controller AVID Controller Antenna Controller ECS Site Controller Detector Controller Antenna Controller

  16. How does it work? Local Controller Housing Central Computer System Comms. Controller AVID Controller Antenna Controller ECS Site Controller Detector Controller Antenna Controller

  17. How does it work? Local Controller Housing Central Computer System Comms. Controller AVID Controller Antenna Controller ECS Site Controller Detector Controller Antenna Controller

  18. Gantry-less Electronic Road Pricing

  19. Expressway Monitoring & Advisory Systems (EMAS) • Covers 300 directional-km of expressway network • 240+ PTZ surveillance cameras • 57+ detection cameras • Tow trucks free of charge

  20. EMAS • 170+ travel time displays • 140+ VMS • Total cost S$126 million (US$70 million)

  21. Prior Incident Back-up Images Prior Incident Back-up Images 03:10 03:12 03:16 03:14 03:20 03:18 03:22 03:24 03:28 03:30 03:26 03:32

  22. Green Link Determining (GLIDE) Systems • Based on SCATS • Implemented since 1988 • More than 2,000 intersections in 17 regions • S$27.5 million (US$15 million) • Network pattern

  23. Junction Electronic Eyes (J-Eyes) • PTZ surveillance cameras at intersections • Started with 5 intersections in 1999 • Expanded to 230 intersections in 2004 • S$14 million (US$8 million)

  24. Automated Taxi Dispatching System • Based on DGPS receivers and wireless private networks • Adopted by all operators • Approximately 100,000 dispatches a day

  25. TrafficScan • Based on speed gathered by taxis with DGPS receivers

  26. ez-Link Farecard System • Since April 2002 • Contactless smart card • Use in MRT, buses, & potentially taxi and other business transactions • Tap on processors at entrance & exit • Max fare deducted at entrance but refund at exit • Fare calculation aided by DGPS MRT processor Bus processor

  27. ez-Link Farecard System • Bus system • 2 bus companies • 3,400 buses • 200+ routes • 3.13 million pax-trips/day • MRT system • 105 km of parallel tracks • 65 stations • 1.3 million pax-trips/day • Bus+MRT • 4.4 million pax-trips/day • 55% of home-to-work trips

  28. Traffic.Smart

  29. http://www.onemotoring.com.sg • S$3.8 million (US$2 million)

  30. Transit.Smart

  31. Transit.Smart • Phase 1 • Static bus and train information • Operational at http://transit.smart.lta.gov.sg • Phase 2 • With real-time vehicle location system

  32. SmarTravel@IBP The 42” plasma display at Strategy building The On-Board Unit installed in a shuttle bus SmarTravel@IBP webpage showing the predicted arrival times and the real-time locations of the shuttle buses

  33. i-transport • Integrated control facilities at ITS Centre • Scalable data warehouse for information dissemination and research • Customized applications such as statistical, inference and simulation tools • Web-based data pipeline for all authorized users • To be completed by 2005 2003 2005

  34. i-transportModules

  35. Remarks • >S$420 million (US$233 million) has been spent • >S$0.6 million per km of major road • >S$600 per vehicle • Earlier (pre-2000) systems are independent & isolated • Already moving into 2nd generation of integrated and interoperable system

  36. Remarks • ITS technology testbed • Integrations • ITS systems, deployments • Transport technologies, transport policies, land use, and urban development • Emphasis on operation and sustainability instead of ad-hoc deployments • ITS business model