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Ch. 23.4 – Bush 41. George H.W. Bush. Youngest WWII pilot (illegally) Ambassador to the UN under Nixon Director of the CIA VP under Reagan Background perfect for international problems he would face…. 1988 Election. Creating a “New World Order”.

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Ch. 23.4 – Bush 41


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Presentation Transcript
george h w bush
George H.W. Bush
  • Youngest WWII pilot (illegally)
  • Ambassador to the UN under Nixon
  • Director of the CIA
  • VP under Reagan
    • Background perfect for international problems he would face…
creating a new world order
Creating a “New World Order”
  • Bush felt that this was a singular moment to help shape the next century
    • Ending the Cold War
    • S. America and the Drug War
    • China
    • South Africa
    • Yugoslavia
    • War in the Persian Gulf
slide5
1989
  • George HW Bush (Daddy) – continued Reagan’s plan
  • Meanwhile in Poland: Solidarity and Lech Walesa
    • In wake of Gorbachev renouncing Brezhnev
      • Backed by Pope John Paul II (assassination attempt because of threat)
      • Berlin Wall falls 9 November 1989
other states begin to fall
Other States Begin to Fall…
  • Hungary, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia (Velvet Revolution and Vaclav Havel), Romania (Ceausescu)
  • Freedom
christmas 1991
Christmas 1991
  • August 1991 – hardliners seize power and Gorbachev
  • Boris Yeltsin (President of Russian Republic) leads people to freedom
  • USSR bans communism 25 December 1991
part ii of reagan s foreign policy
Part II of Reagan’s Foreign Policy
  • Led US and world into post-Cold War times
    • Importantly, didn’t flaunt victory over Soviets
    • Pushes US towards internationalism
  • Signs major arms reduction treaty with Boris Yeltsin
us as the soul world power
US as the Soul World Power
  • Capitalist Democracy seen as the only way
    • Monarchy, fascism, and communism dead
      • Theocracy and New Nationalism are sleeping giants
democratic victories
Democratic Victories
  • Peace treaties signed in wars in Nicaragua and

El Salvador

    • Costa Rican

leader Oscar

Arias negotiated

  • Dictator Augusto Pinochet in Chile gives up power to people

Accused of mass-murder, torture, kidnapping, illegal detention…

starts and stops
Starts and Stops
  • South Africa – system of Apartheid comes down
    • Tutu, Mandela, and Bush push for rights
  • China – 4 June 1989
    • Tiananmen Square Massacre
other post cold war hot spots
Other Post-Cold War Hot Spots
  • Yugoslavia – Post – 1991 country disintegrates into factionalism
    • Didn’t react strongly (fears of Vietnam)
  • Somalia – Operation Restore Hope gets food to civilians trapped between warlords
foreign policy domestics collide
Foreign Policy / Domestics Collide
  • The War on Drugs
    • Bush targets source
      • Gets Columbian drug money guy Eduardo Romero
      • December 1989 – US invades Panama, arrests dictator/cartel leader Manuel Noriega
operation desert storm
Operation Desert Storm
  • President H.W. Bush leads a UN coalition to expel Saddam from Kuwait
  • The war lasts about five days and is a complete US victory
difficult domestic front
Difficult Domestic Front
  • Foreign Policy focus – seems indifferent to US problems
    • 1,000 Points of Light Strategy (charity, not federal)
  • AIDs was on the rise (250,000 by 1994)
    • Bush greatly increases research funding
  • “No New Taxes” pledge
    • Short recession kills Bush after S & L Bailout pushes up deficits