WWII TimelineEuropean Theatre By: Ian Wilson, Autumn Smith, Skyler Seals
1940 • September 16: United States military conscription bill passed (Draft initiated) • November 5: Roosevelt re-elected U.S. president.
1941 • June 14: United States freezes German and Italian assets in America. • July 26: Roosevelt freezes Japanese assets in United States and suspends relations. • August 1: United States announces an oil embargo against aggressor states. • August 14: Roosevelt and Churchill announce the Atlantic Charter. • December 7: Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor. • December 8: United States and Britain declare war on Japan. • December 11: Hitler declares war on United States.
1942 • January 26: First American forces arrive in Great Britain. • In April: Japanese-Americans sent to relocations centers. • August 7: US forces lands in Guadalcanal. • August 17: First all-American air attack in Europe. • November: The "big three," Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin, convene in Teheran, Iran to discuss the invasion of Italy. It is the first time all three have met. • December 2: Professor Enrico Fermi sets up a atomic reactor in Chicago. • December 17: U.S. declares that mass executions of Jews by Nazis will be avenged.
1943 • January 14-24: (Casablanca Conference) Roosevelt announces that war can only end with “unconditional German surrender” • January 27: First bombing raid by Americans on Germany (at Wilhelmshaven). • February 14-25: Battle of Kasserine Pass between the U.S. 1st Armor Division and German Panzers in North Africa. • July 9-10: Allies land in Sicily. • July 19: Allies bomb Rome. • July 22: Americans capture Palermo, Sicily • July 27-28: Allied air raid causes a firestorm in Hamburg. • August 17: American daylight air raids on Regensburg and Schweinfurt in Germany; Allies reach Messina, Sicily • October 1: Allies enter Naples, Italy • November 28: Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet at Tehran.
1944 • January 22: Allies land at Anzio in Italy. • February 15-18: Allies bomb monastery at Monte Cassino. • March 4: First major daylight bombing raid on Berlin by the Allies. • March 15: Second Allied attempt to capture Monte Cassino begins. • May 11: Allies attack Gustav Line south of Rome. • June 5: Allies enter Rome. • June 6: D-Day landings on the northern coast of France. • June 27: U.S. troops liberate Cherbourg France. • July 25-30: Operation Cobra (U.S. troops break out West of St. Lo • August 20: Allies encircle Germans in the Falaise Pocket.
1945 • January 16: U.S. 1st and 3rd Armies link up after a month long separation during the Battle of the Bulge • February 4-11: Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet at Yalta • March 7: US forces cross the Rhine on the Remegen bridge. • May 7: Unconditional surrender of all German forces to Allies. • May 8: V-E day. • June 5: Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over the government.