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Touchstone#2. Unit 4-5-6. Future with Going to. We use the Going to with future meaning to talk about personal plans, intentions or decision to do something. To talk about predictions about future actions or events ( evidence). Reduction of going to: / g ɔ ʏ ητ ә / o r / g ʌnn ә /.

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touchstone 2

Touchstone#2

Unit 4-5-6

future with going to
Future with Going to

We use the Going to with future meaning to talk about personal plans, intentions or decision to do something.

To talk about predictions about future actions or events ( evidence).

Reduction of going to: /gɔʏητә/ or /gʌnnә/

indirect objects pronouns
Indirect Objects/Pronouns

Direct object :WHAT? -What are you going to send? Some flowers.

Indirect Object: WHO? – Who are you going to send some flowers? Mom and Dad.

present continuous future meaning
Present Continuous-Future Meaning.
  • Use the ING or Going to -to talk about plans.
  • Present Continuous is often used for plans with specific times and places.
  • Use Going to for predictions.
  • Ex.
  • It’s going to be fun. (It’s being fun.)
  • It’s going to rain tomorrow. ( It’s raining tomorrow.)
time expressions
Time expressions

Time expression using adverbs, conjunctions and prepositions

For (prep) + period of time = for six years / a long time.

In (prep) + a specific point in time = in May / in 2002.

From (prep)____to (prep)_____ + specific point in time = from May to July …

Ago (adv.) time expression + ago = six months ago.

Until (conj.) + clause with specific point in time = We lived there until I was six.

Until (prep.) +a specific point in time = until February/ 1992…

Then / and then + a sentence / clause =Then we moved… And then we…..

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Use
  • (For ) Long: in questions and negative sentences. For long is used in affirmative sentences.
  • From---to--- :indicates a period of time
  • Ago: is used to tell how long before the present.
  • Until :means “up to a specific point in time”.
  • When: begins a time clause used with simple past means “at the same time” or “immediately after”
  • Then: formal writing is used with and Can stand at the beginning of sentences.
slide10
Use
  • All, most, some and a few---People an things in general (without of)
  • Of—refer to more specific things.
  • A lot of—fixed expression…
  • No isn’t followed by of
  • After none of the verb can be plural or singular.

None of my friends like / likes English.