Nevada's Story. The Silver State Battle Born. Study Guide #1- Ancient Nevada & Geography. I. Ancient Nevada A. Ancient Lake Lahontan 1. Large Lake, Most of Western Nevada 2. Formed while Sierra Nevada Mnts. were still low B. Dinosaurs!!!!
The Silver State
I. Ancient Nevada
A. Ancient Lake Lahontan
1. Large Lake, Most of Western Nevada
2. Formed while Sierra Nevada Mnts. were still low
1. Ichtyosaurus- Large Swimming Dinosaur
*Remains found in Central Nevada
C. Ancient People
a. Lived in Caves around Lake Lahontan
Ex. Lovelock Caves (Duck Decoys & Fishing Nets)
b. Fished and Hunted
II. Current Nevada Geography
A. It’s a DESERT!!!!!!!!
1. WHY??– Sierra Nevada Blocks Rainfall/Snow
2. Great Basin ‘Big Bowl’ (All of Nevada except
-Rivers drain Inland (Not to Sea)
Ex. Truckee, Humboldt, Walker, Carson
3. Mojave Desert (Southern Nevada- Vegas)
-Rivers drain to Colorado River to Pacific
B. Nevada’s Mountains
1. Sierra Nevada- All in California
2. Mountains run North & South (Like Worms)
-Made by Techtronic Plates colliding in California (All the earthquakes)
C. Rivers & Lakes
1. Northern Rivers all part of Great Basin
-Small rivers that shrink in Summer after snow is
gone (Water in reservoirs- Man made lakes)
2. Southern (Flow to Pacific Ocean)
-Colorado River, Lake Mead Reservoir
Created by Hoover (Boulder) Dam
Bottom Left: Great Basin
Bottom Right: Ancient lake Lahontan
Top Right: Mojave Desert of Southern Nevada
I. The Original People
A. Ancient People / Pre-History (Time before Writing)
1. Arrived from Asia 10,000 to
12,000 years ago
2. used stone tools
B. Anasazi ‘The Old Ones’
(3ooBC to 1150AD)
1. Lived near Las Vegas
2. Farmers, Cities, Traded
3. Disappeared around 1150
1. Nomadic – Hunting and Gathering
*Follow animals and food depending on seasons
2. Tribes- N. Paiute, S. Paiute, Washo, Shoshone
*Areas Native Am. are given to break nomadic
*Whites want them to farm
Sarah Winnemucca and the statue being placed in U.S. Capitol Building, 2005.
I. Exploration (Gold/Furs/Travel Routes)
A. 1st Europeans to see Nevada- Spanish just look
1. Old Spanish trail goes through Southern Nevada
-Links New Mexico to California
B. 1st Explorers (Mountain Men Trapping Beaver)
1. Jedediah Smith (1827)
-Crosses thru South into Calf (Mex. Mad)
-Crosses back through middle of NV and almost dies (NO WATER)
2. Peter Skene Ogden (1828/1829)
-1st to see Humboldt River (60 Beaver per day!!!)
3. Joseph Walker (1833-1834)
-Crosses from Salt Lake to California (Mexico Mad)
-1st battle w/Native Am- Kills & Mutilates
‘Mountain. Man Example’
4. James Beckwourth (Af. American mountain Man)
-Found easier way over Sierras
Benjamin Franklin wearing a beaver hat in 1794 when appearing before the French court at Versailles.
“The long-nap beaver adapts itself to curves and graceful lines. The large white beaver hat with its trimming of white plumes is intended for carriage and calling wear.”
– The Delineator, 1903
North America, 1830
Rocky Mountain Fur Company
"An intelligent man with whom I boarded had a map which showed these rivers (one was the Buenaventura) to be large, and he advised me to take tools along to make canoes, so that...we could descend one of these rivers to the Pacific."
-- John Bidwell, Bartleson-Bidwell Party, 1841.
A river, the "Buenaventura," indicated upon a map furnished me by the Hudson's Bay Company as breaking through the mountains, was found not to exist.--John Charles Frémont , April 1891 edition of Century Magazine
C. Kit Carson & John C. Fremont (Path Finders)
1. 1844 sent to explore better routes to Calif.
2. 1st Mission- to South Pass
3. 2nd Mission- South Pass to California
-Mnt. Men Carson & Walker Help
-Meets Chief Truckee @ Pyramid Lake
*Truckee helps them find route to Sierra Mnts. to get to Calif.
B. Routes across Nevada
1. Spanish – Spanish Trail (1780)
a. Across S. Nevada From New Mex. to S. Calif.
b. Now Interstate 15
2. Central Route (1830)
a. Across middle of Nevada, used as first mail road, stage road, telegraph, and Pony Express.
b. Now Highway 50 (Loneliest road in America)
c. Used by John Reese, to get to Sierras and set-up Mormon Station
d. NO WATER!!!!! Hardest Route
3. Northern Route (California Trail) (1830)
a. Peter Skene Ogden found Humboldt River.
*More water than Central Route.
b. Only 40mi. with no water between Lovelock and Truckee/Carson Rivers.
c. Used by most Settlers to get to California
(NO ONE WANTS TO STOP!!!)
d. Now Interstate 80 (Railroads also follow Route)
**Settlement takes off with 1849 Gold Strike!!
I. People Just Passing through
A. Before this . .people just going to Calf.!!
B. Mormons in Nevada- Settled some farms in Washoe Valley but left in 1857 (Trouble with U.S. Gov’t)
1. Mormon Station (Genoa)- Trading Post for
Wagon Trains at base of Sierra Nevada Mnts.
(1st ‘Roofed’ White Settlement)
A. THE BIG ONE!!! – Comstock Lode (1859)
1. BLUE Mud getting in way of
2. Mud taken to Calf.- It’s
B. RUSH TO WASHOE!!!!! (Nevada)
1. Virginia City becomes 2nd
Largest City west of Miss. River
2. San Francisco Booms with
Ships & Supplies for Nevada
3. People from all over- White,
Black, Irish, Chinese
C. Life on the Comstock
1. No Rules / No Laws
a. First few years have no Law ‘ Boomtowns!!’
b. Men / Money / Booze / Guns = TROUBLE
2. Big Mines are Hard Work
a. Mining 2000ft below ground
b. Hot / Dangerous / Deadly
3. Boom & Bust
a. Boom= Gold/Silver Found
b. Bust = No MORE!!
-Ghost Towns, No $$, People Leave!!
Mark Twain began his writing career as a reporter for the Virginia City
Nevada is the largest gold-producing state in the nation.
It is second in the world behind South Africa.
I. 1860- Taken from Utah Terr. – Now Nevada Terr.
A. Miners get U.S. to separate Nevada from Utah
1. Miners do not want Mormon rules
II. Battle Born- 1864 (Enabling Act)
A. NV becomes state during Civil War
a. Lincoln needs Electoral College votes for 2nd Election
B. New Nevada Congressmen/ Senators could help pass new Amendments to the Constitution (Outlaw slavery / Punish South)
1.**NOT because of silver to save the Union!**
2. Constitution sent entirely by Telegraph
a. Had to get to Washington fast so we could
vote for Lincoln in 1864 election
(Oct. 31, 1864- Nevada Day!)
Hoover Dam, the largest single public works project in the history of the United States, contains 3.25 million cubic yards of concrete,
which is enough to pave a two-lane highway from San Francisco to New York.
Flamingo Hotel exterior,
Convention Center, 1958
Fremont Street, 1978
Circus Hotel & Casino,
Fist fighting was a popular sport in the camps, it was a brutal event. It was out and out bare fisted fighting. That is until the first legislature of the Territory of Nevada of which Virginia City was in, made it unlawful for persons to fight "to the terror of the citizens of the Territory". Sometime later boxing was legalized as long as gloves were used.
Girls Basketball Team
Be ready to trap on the poster assessment!
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