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Interest Grabber

Interest Grabber

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Interest Grabber

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  1. Interest Grabber Section 9-1 Feel the Burn Do you like to run, bike, or swim? These all are good ways to exercise. When you exercise, your body uses oxygen to get energy from glucose,a six-carbon sugar. 1. How does your body feel at the start of exercise, such as a long, slowrun? How do you feel 1 minute into the run; 10 minutes into the run? 2. What do you think is happening in your cells to cause the changesin how you feel? 3. Think about running as fast as you can for 100 meters. Could youkeep up this pace for a much longer distance? Explain your answer.

  2. Section Outline Section 9-1 9–1 Chemical Pathways A. Chemical Energy and Food B. Overview of Cellular Respiration C. Glycolysis 1. ATP Production 2. NADH Production D. Fermentation 1. Alcoholic Fermentation 2. Lactic Acid Fermentation

  3. Chemical Pathways Section 9-1 Glucose With O2 Krebs cycle Electrontransport Glycolysis Aerobic respiration Without O2 Alcohol or lactic acid Fermentation (without oxygen) Anaerobic respiration

  4. Figure 9–3 Glycolysis Section 9-1 Glucose 2 Pyruvic acid To the electron transport chain

  5. Figure 9–3 Glycolysis Section 9-1 Glucose 2 Pyruvic acid To the electron transport chain

  6. Figure 9–3 Glycolysis Section 9-1 Glucose 2 Pyruvic acid To the electron transport chain Glycolysis

  7. Figure 9–4 Lactic Acid Fermentation Section 9-1 Lactic acid Glucose Pyruvic acid

  8. Figure 9–4 Lactic Acid Fermentation Section 9-1 Lactic acid Glucose Pyruvic acid

  9. Figure 9–4 Alcoholic Fermentation Section 9-1 Ethanol + CO2 Glucose Pyruvic acid

  10. First few Seconds Stored ATP < 90 Seconds Lactic Acid Fermentation Lactic Acid build up is called OXYGEN DEBT >90 Seconds Aerobic Respiration Glycogen stored in tissue used up in 15-20 min Other molecules such as FAT will then be broken down for energy

  11. Interest Grabber Section 9-2 Rolling and Folding Some of the steps in cellular respiration take place in the membrane inside the cell structure called the mitochondrion, which has a folded inner membrane. What purpose do these folds serve? To find out the answer to this question, perform this activity.

  12. Interest Grabber continued Section 9-2 1. Obtain two sheets of paper and a metric ruler. What is the surface area of the paper? 2. Roll one sheet of paper into a tube lengthwise. What is the surface area of the rolled paper? 3. Fold the second sheet of paper into a fan. Then, roll the firstsheet of paper around the folded paper so it is inside the rolled paper.What has happened to the surface area of the inside of the rolled paper? 4. What would be the value of increasing the surface area of the membrane inside a mitochondrion?

  13. Figure 9–2 Cellular Respiration: An Overview Section 9-1 Mitochondrion Electrons carried in NADH Electrons carried in NADH and FADH2 Pyruvic acid Glucose Electron Transport Chain Krebs Cycle Glycolysis Mitochondrion Cytoplasm Aerobic Respiration

  14. Proteins of the Electron Transport Chain (ETC) are located in the inner mitochondial membrane called the cristae

  15. Section Outline Section 9-2 9–2 The Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport A. The Krebs Cycle B. Electron Transport C. The Totals D. Energy and Exercise 1. Quick Energy 2. Long-Term Energy E. Comparing Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

  16. Flowchart Section 9-2 Cellular Respiration Glucose(C6H1206) + Oxygen(02) Glycolysis KrebsCycle ElectronTransportChain Carbon Dioxide (CO2) + Water (H2O)

  17. Transparency 7A-2 36 Matrix

  18. Transparency 7A-3 36 Matrix

  19. Transparency 7A-4 36 Matrix

  20. Transparency 7A-5 36

  21. Transparency 7A-6 36

  22. Transparency 7A-6 36 1. What is the source of carbon for cellular respiration? Glucose (C6H12O6) is the carbon source.

  23. Transparency 7A-7 36 2. Where does Stages 2a, b and c of cellular respiration take place? in mitochondrial MATRIX

  24. Figure 9–6 The Krebs Cycle Section 9-2 Citric Acid Production Mitochondrion

  25. Figure 9–6 The Krebs Cycle Section 9-2 Citric Acid Production Mitochondrion Krebs Cycle, Part 1 Krebs Cycle, Part 2

  26. Figure 9–7 Electron Transport Chain Section 9-2 Electron Transport Hydrogen Ion Movement Channel Mitochondrion Intermembrane Space ATP synthase e- H+ H+ H+ H+ Inner Membrane Matrix ATP Production

  27. H+ H+ H+ H+ H+

  28. Respiration Occurs 2 ways With oxygen Without oxygen Has two stages Has 3 stages 1st 1st 2nd 2nd Which produces Which produces waste products 3rd animal plant

  29. Online Quiz • Go to this site http://midpac.edu/~biology/Intro%20Biology/PH%20Biology%20Lab%20Simulations/cellresp/intro.html and do the simulation • Then take the self quiz –PRINT OUT to turn in tomorrow.

  30. WORKSHEET ELODEA/FISH 1. Write the equation of the reaction of CO2 and water. 2. Bromothymol blue (BTB) is colored blue when the pH is __________. 3. BTB is colored green when the pH is ____________________. 4. BTB is colored yellow when the pH is _______________. 5. A high conc. of CO2 will cause the pH of the water to be______. What color will the BTB be? 6. The gas that is released by consumers is ___________. 7. The gas that is produced by producers is ___________. 8. The gas that is absorbed by producers is ___________. 9. A low level of CO2 will cause the pH of water to be _______. What color will the BTB be? 10. Explain the color of the BTB in the bowl 2 that just had the fish (Use the terms pH, CO2 and acid). 11. Was the fish healthy in bowl 2? Why? 12. Explain the color of the BTB in the bowl 3 that just had the plant. 13. Is the plant healthy in bowl 3? Why? 14. Explain the color of the bowl 4 that had both the fish and the plant. (Use the terms pH, acid, CO2, photosynthesis, respiration). 15. Do you think the plant and fish were healthy in bowl 4? Why? BOWL 1: WATER + BTB BOWL 2: WATER + BTB + FISH BOWL 3: WATER + BTB + PLANT BOWL 4: WATER + BTB + FISH + PLANT

  31. CO2 + H2O  H2CO3 Carbon dioxide water carbonic acid

  32. Video Contents Video Contents Click a hyperlink to choose a video. Aerobic Respiration Glycolysis Krebs Cycle, Part 1 Krebs Cycle, Part 2 Electron Transport Chain, Part 1 Electron Transport Chain, Part 2

  33. Video 1 Video 1 Click the image to play the video segment. Aerobic Respiration

  34. Video 2 Video 2 Click the image to play the video segment. Glycolysis

  35. Video 3 Video 3 Click the image to play the video segment. Krebs Cycle, Part 1

  36. Video 4 Video 4 Click the image to play the video segment. Krebs Cycle, Part 2

  37. Video 5 Video 5 Click the image to play the video segment. Electron Transport Chain, Part 1

  38. Video 6 Video 6 Click the image to play the video segment. Electron Transport Chain, Part 2

  39. Internet Go Online Links from the authors on Creatine Share kimchi lab data Interactive test For links on cellular respiration, go to www.SciLinks.org and enter the Web Code as follows: cbn-3091. For links on the Krebs cycle, go to www.SciLinks.org and enter the Web Code as follows: cbn-3092.

  40. Section 1 Answers Interest Grabber Answers 1. How does your body feel at the start of exercise, such as a long, slowrun? How do you feel 1 minute into the run; 10 minutes into the run? Students may answer that they feel no fatigue at the start of a run; however, after 1 minute and more so after 10 minutes, they are breathing hard, their heart rate has increased significantly, and their muscles may hurt. 2. What do you think is happening in your cells to cause the changesin how you feel? Students may say that the increase in heart rate and breathing rate are a response that gets extra oxygen to the cells. The pain may be attributed to the cells becoming fatigued. 3. Think about running as fast as you can for 100 meters. Could youkeep up this pace for a much longer distance? Explain your answer. Students may know that very high levels of performance can be sustained only very briefly even among the best of athletes. Students may say that the body runs out of readily available energy, food, or oxygen, or that the body builds up too many waste products in the cells.

  41. Section 2 Answers Interest Grabber Answers 1. Obtain two sheets of paper and a metric ruler. What is the surface area of the paper? The area will vary depending on the size of paper used. A sheet of notebook paper has an area of approximately 600 cm3. 2. Roll one sheet of paper into a tube lengthwise. What is the surface area of the rolled paper? The surface area is the same as the original sheet of paper. 3. Fold the second sheet of paper into a fan. Then, roll the firstsheet of paper around the folded paper so it is inside the rolled paper.What has happened to the surface area of the inside of the rolled paper? The surface area has increased (surface area of rolled paper + surface area of folded paper). 4. What would be the value of increasing the surface area of the membrane inside a mitochondrion? Increasing the surface area increases the amount of space where chemical reactions can take place.

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