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ORCHESTRA. WG1 workshop 12th – 13th November 2013 Prague. Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11. Impact of Forest Owners Associations on Forest Related Policies in Slovakia.

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orchestra

ORCHESTRA

WG1 workshop

12th – 13th November 2013

Prague

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

impact of forest owners associations on forest related policies in slovakia

Impact of Forest Owners Associations on Forest Related Policies in Slovakia

Zuzana Sarvasova, Zuzana Dobsinska, Zuzana Hricova, Jaroslav Salka

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

introduction
Introduction

Interest groups are an important part of the modern political system.

Forestryinterest groups played an important role in shaping the non-state forestry sector in Slovakia.

They were formed after the changes in 1989. Main mission is to influence forest policy, to support discussion,formulation and representation of common interests of their members.

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

non state forest ownership
Non-state forest ownership
  • Church
  • Minicipal
  • Common
  • Individual

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

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The non-state forestry sector structure in Slovakia is organized in multi-level principle. There is a national-level umbrella organization (Council of non-state forest owners associations) representing four main FOAs according to ownership structure that consist of regional organisations or individual members, commons and forest enterprises.

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

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Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

slide7

The aimofthisarticle is to assesthe policy potential of forest owners associations (FOAs) on forest related policies in Slovakiausingstrategiesderivedfromthe SWOT analysis.

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

methodology
Methodology

First, the situation in non-stateforestrysectorwasanalysed usinga commonly used strategic method – the SWOT analysisaccording to technique by RAUCH (2007), based on thestatus quo and taking into account major dominant trends(economic and management, proprertyl, humanresource and policy).

SWOT analyses are useful for scanning internalstrengths and weaknesses of organizations as well as forilluminating the opportunities and risks of a dynamicenvironment(RAUCH, 2007).

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

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For mapping out the strategies, the SWOTtable has to be searched for logical SWOT combinations,which answer the following questions (LOBRISER,ABPLANALP, 1998; in RAUCH, 2007):

1) Which strength fits with which opportunity (SO-combination)?

2) Which strength fits with which threat (ST-combination)?

3) Which weakness fits opportunity (WO-combination)?

4) Which weakness fits with which threats (WT-combination)?

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

stages of swot analysis
Stages of SWOT analysis

First time during a conference (60 participants from the forestry sector)

    • The results were published in a journal for practical foresters for discussion
  • Second time by an expert panel (8)
  • Third time by representatives of the FOAS (current and past) - 13

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

swot strenghts
SWOT Strenghts
  • Representation of common interests
  • Ensuring SFM on forest land
  • Organizational structure, high operationally (no 3 level management as in state forests)
  • Owners cooperation in IG in e.g. trade, marketing
  • Impact on legislation proposals
  • FOAs are an important instrument in achieving the goals towards wood mobilization stated in EU documents
  • Solving forest land restitution and repriviatization problems
  • Support forest economy management on national and international level
  • Active FOAs officials
  • Good cooperation with wood-processing industry
  • Goodcooperationwithforestryresearch (TU, NFC)

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

swot weaknesses
SWOT - weaknesses
  • Fragmentation of non-state forest ownership with low motivation of SSFO to associate
  • Continuous inter sectoral cooperation and coordination with forest related policies
  • Various interests of individual FOAs members
  • Low representativeness of FOAS
  • Low level of cooperation with the state forests
  • Lack of financial resources for the work of FOAs

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

swot opportunities
SWOT opportunities
  • FOAs support in RDP
  • Strong professional forestry background for the support of non-state forestry sector willing to cooperate with FOAs Prevent illegal activities in the forest
  • Higher chance to meet the demands of the FOAs when having more members
  • Improve communication with lay and professional public
  • Strengthen cooperation, coordination and communication between FOAs
  • Possibilities to gain EU financial support

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

swot threats
SWOT threats
  • Economic crises affecting FOAs financial strengths
  • Conflicts arising from forest management (natureprotection, society)
  • Fragmentation of FOAs
  • Loss of social status of forestry , crisis with an impact on FOAs policy potential
  • Dominant position of the state forest in wood trade
  • Lack of lay public information on the importance of non-state forestry
  • State´s disinterest of forestry and non-state forest sector

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

so strategy
SO strategy
  • Existence of FOAs
  • Active leaders and members which are participating on financial resources gaining

Identified O are small compared to others.

We can´t presume the application of this one.

- There is the possibility to use the property, land with preserved natural heritagewheretheownership and relation to forestpropertyisanstrengh

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

st strategy
ST strategy
  • Existence of FOAs is a S able to minimizeeconomicthreats (easierwhenassociated)
  • Activemembers
  • legalconstratinscanbeovercome by activemembers (natureprotection)

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

wo strategy
WO strategy
  • Fragmented ownership is a W very difficult to overcome
  • The necessary professional knowledge is supported by the existence of strong forestry background
  • Increasing the activity of members could contribute to better using the financial resources and property management (common management requires the assent of all members)
  • Cooperation between FOAs could help wit the wood trade

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

wt strat gia
WT Stratégia

Minimalizácia slabých stránok na odstránenie resp. minimalizáciu rizík je pre neštátny sektor ako stratégia veľmi aktuálna z toho pohľadu, že tu existuje veľké množstvo negatívnych stránok v relatívne veľmi obmedzujúcom vonkajšom prostredí. Neštátny sektor by mal využiť všetky snahy na odstránenie slabých stránok, ktoré sú prezentované aj v stratégii minimalizovania vnútorných slabých stránok na využitie príležitostí. Ide hlavne o získanie pomernej jednoty názorov členov združení a koordinácia samotných združení na zamedzenie negatívnym finančným vplyvom z vonkajšieho prostredia (nadnárodného aj národného). Taktiež by sa mala využiť názorová jednotnosť v prospech eliminovania konfliktných záujmov pri obhospodarovaní lesa a obmedzeniach v súvislosti s ochranou prírody aj zo strany štátu.

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

conclusion
Conclusion
  • The SWOT analysis describes the non-state forestry sector in dept.
  • Suitable strategy is ST (agreed also by officials).
  • Needs future research weather it is applicable.

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11

thank you for your attention

Thankyouforyourattention!

Táto práca bola podporovaná Agentúrou na podporu výskumu a vývoja na základe zmluvy č. APVV-0057-11