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Antebellum South and Slavery. 1619-1860. Definition: Antebellum South. Pre-Civil War culture, especially in the southern states The era in the history of the United States after the American Revolution (  Declaration of Independence) before the Civil War. Before the beginning of slavery.

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Antebellum South and Slavery


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    1. Antebellum South and Slavery 1619-1860

    2. Definition: Antebellum South • Pre-Civil War culture, especially in the southern states • The era in the history of the United States after the American Revolution (Declaration of Independence) before the Civil War

    3. Before the beginning of slavery • Africa: • played an important role in world affairs • there were many different cultures • America: • European explorers expected gold in America  workers were needed  slavery

    4. The beginning of slavery • 1619: first slaves were imported • ~1600-1650: strict rules about slavery • over the time, racial slavery came up  “blackness became the primary mark of slavery”

    5. Slavery • slaves were the property of their masters • had to adapt to the American culture • fought for their freedom, petitions for their right to be free • Slavery was the basis for the wealth of the South which was rather agrarian than industrial

    6. Invention of the cotton gin • Eli Whitney invented a machine • faster than to do it by hand • fewer slaves were needed • cotton could be processed more quickly

    7. End of the slave trade • gradual abolition of slavery between the 1780s and the 1810s • 1820: End of the slave trade

    8. Missouri Compromise • 1820 • Agreement between the pro-slavery and the anti-slavery factions

    9. Amistad incident • La Amistad: a ship • 1839: 53 African slaves, illegal imported to America • rebellion on the ship to conquer the ship and return to Africa