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Review of Religion and Politics Marx - disintegration Durkheim - unification Barakat – generally agrees with Marxist approach. Din (religion) and Dawla (state) Barakat (Society  Religion) Lewis (Religion  Society) Implications for (in)flexibility of religion.

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slide1

Review of Religion and Politics

Marx - disintegration

Durkheim - unification

Barakat – generally agrees with Marxist approach

slide2

Din (religion) and Dawla (state)

Barakat (Society  Religion)

Lewis (Religion  Society)

Implications for (in)flexibility of religion

slide3

Key Issue: Relationship between religion and the state (government)

Islam vs. Islamism – Islam is a religion. Islamism is an ideology defining economic and legal systems based on Islam

Muslim vs. Islamist – Muslims follow the religion of Islam but is not necessarily an Islamist. Islamist has ideologies following Islamism

slide4

Distinct Categories of Islamists

Takfiri – radical fundamentalist

Nationalist Militant – combine Islamist ideology with specific local political demands

Institutionalist– seek political role through state institutions

Implications for democratic governance?

slide5

Islam as the basis for law

Sami Zubaidareading on the “law state”

Taqlid – imitation; following established teachings uncritically

Ijtihad – independent judgment of a qualified legal scholar (mujtahid)

Madhhab – jurisprudential school of thought

slide8

Islam as a Tool (cultural “tool kit”)

  • Framing –“tools that lend order and sense to an otherwise confusing world by providing language that captures or constructs the meaning of problems.”
  • Framing in Saudi Arabia in the 1990s
  • What government activities were the movements challenging?
    • US Troops in Saudi Arabia
    • Corruption and decadent behavior of ruling family
    • Extreme economic disparities
  • Alternative frames – liberal, Marxist-secular, feminist, Islamic
  • Islamic frame only one that resonated
    • Led to Nasiha Petition (“memorandum of advice” from religious scholars demanding change in government behavior)