religion and politics l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Religion and Politics PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Religion and Politics

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

Religion and Politics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Download Presentation
Religion and Politics
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Religion and Politics

  2. Religion and Politics • In some parts of the world, religion and politics are inseparable. Notable examples of countries where there is a solid connection include: Ireland, India and Israel. • The Middle East, parts of Asia and many African nations also reflect a strong religious approach to politics

  3. Terms to consider Dogma: a set of doctrines proclaimed to be absolutely true by the representatives of a religious faith Fundamentalism: any religious movement that seeks to return to the founding principles of a faith in the belief that the holy texts are the literal and authentic word of God Terrorism: the usage of violence and terror to achieve political ends, particularly when directed by individuals against a society or state. Jihad: in Islam, a holy war or spiritual struggle against non believers; also, an individual Muslim’s struggle for spiritual perfection Non-Sectarian: not limited to, or associated with a particular religious denomination or belief Secular State: a state that is governed without reference to religious doctrine State Religion: a religious body or belief officially supported by the state. Theocracy: A form of government in which religious law is dominant over civil law (e.g. Iran)

  4. Northern Ireland • After the partition of Northern Ireland from the Republic of Ireland (1921) there has been conflict between two main groups • Republicans • Unionists The “peace wall” in West Belfast

  5. Background of the conflict • “Ulster” or “six counties” is the name of the region in the Northern part of Ireland that was partitioned in 1921. • The majority of Ulster’s population was protestant (approx 60%) and wished to remain apart of Great Britain. • The South of Ireland is overwhelmingly catholic and wished to leave Great Britain. After the Irish Civil War, the South was granted independence from the British. However, they gave up control of the North. The government of the South was a republic while the North of Ireland remained apart of Great Britain (union) Ireland and Northern Ireland

  6. The two sides Republicans • Those who wish to unite Northern Ireland with the South are referred to as republicans since they wish to join the republican South. In addition, they wish to break away from Britain which they see as repressive. They do not recognize the British occupation of the North and its institutions. Their flag is the Irish tri-color. • The Sein Fein (Gaelic for “we ourselves) party represents the interests of the republican community • Republicans tend to be Roman Catholic. However, they are often on the left of the political spectrum and do not necessarily espouse religious/moral approaches to politics. Sein Fein leader Gerry Adams

  7. Republican Murals Mural of former Republican MP Bobby Sands Republican Mural in West Belfast

  8. Connection to Terrorism • There are elements of the republican community in Ireland who sponsor terrorism as a means of achieving their goals. • The Irish Republican Army (IRA) is a terrorist organization which seeks to unite Ireland through the usage of terrorism (e.g. pub bombings)

  9. Unionists • Unionists seek to maintain the union between Northern Ireland and the rest of Great Britain (England, Scotland and Northern Ireland). • They tend to be members of Ulster’s protestant community. • In politics, the interests of the unionist community are represented by the Ulster Unionist Party David Trimble

  10. Connection to Terrorism • There are extremist elements within the unionist community who wish to maintain the status quo through intimidation. Loyalists who seek to use terror as a means of securing their objectives join one of two groups: • UDA (Ulster Defence Association) • UVF (Ulster Volunteer Force)

  11. Orangemen’s Day Parade Hibernian's Parade

  12. Glasgow Rangers vs. Celtic • Rangers did not sign a catholic player until they signed Mo Johnston in 1989 • Protestants tend to support Rangers; Catholics support Celtic • Sectarian violence is a constant concern when these two teams meet Rangers vs. Celtic: More than a football match. War by proxy

  13. The Sectarian Divide Glasgow Rangers and Celtic Fans Not quite! Paul Gasgoine

  14. Celtic and Rangers Fans and a whole bunch of police officers