SPEAKING Buzdolabında biraz peynir var. There is some cheese in the fridge. Yemen için buzdolabında biraz peynir var. There is some cheese in the fridge for you to eat. Buzdolabında herkese yetecek kadar peynir var. There is enough cheese for everyone to eat in the fridge. Lokantada bir sürü müşteri vardı. There were many customers in the restaurant. Lokantada yemek isteyen bir sürü müşteri vardı. There were a lot of customers who would like to eat in the restaurant. Lokantada yemek için sırada bekleyen bir sürü müşteri vardı. There were a lot of customers who were waiting in the queue to eat in the restaurant.
SPEAKING Sınıfta 15 öğrenci var. There are fifteen students in the classroom. Sınıfta 15 tane dikkatli öğrenci var. There are fifteen careful students in the classroom. Sınıfta 15 tane dersin başlamasını bekleyen öğrenci var. There are fifteen students who are waiting for the lesson to start in the classroom. Sınıfta 15 tane dersin başlamasını sabırsızlıkla bekleyen öğrenci var. There are fifteen students who are impatiently waiting for the lesson to start in the classroom. Türkiye’de sadece bir tane başkent var. There is only one capital city in Turkey. Çok fazla öğretmen var ama çok azı istenen düzeyde. There are a lot of teachers but very few of them are at an expected level.
SPEAKING Bir adam vardı. There was a man. Burada bir adam vardı. There was a man here. Burada canı sıkılan bir adam vardı. There was a man who got bored here. Türkiye’de çok fazla sorun var. There are alot of problems in Turkey. Türkiye’de hep önemli sorunlar varolagelmiştir ve bunlar genellikle çözülememiştir. There have always been too many important problems in Turkey and they are seldom solved. Geçmişte Türkiye’de hep önemli sorunlar vardı ve bu sorunlar hiç çözülemedi. There had always been significant issues in Turkey and they could never be solved.
SPEAKING İleride de Türkiye’de çok fazla sorun olacak ve sanırım bu sorunları çözemeyeceğiz. In the future, there will be too many issues in Turkey and I think we won’t be able to solve these matters. Elin de bir şey mi var? Is there anything in your hand? Elinde benim için bir şey mi var? Is there anything in your hand for me? Elinde benim için çok değerli bir şey mi var? Is there anything invaluable in your hand for me?
SPEAKING Kaç tane kuş var? How many birds are there? Ağaçta kaç tane kuş var? How many birds are there on the tree? Ağaçta öten kaç tane kuş var? How many singing birds are there on the tree? İçmek için ne kadar suyumuz var? How much water is there for us to drink? How much water do we have? Kovada kaç tane elma var? How many apples are there in the bucket? Kovada kaç tane çürük elma var? How many rotten apples are there in the bucket?
SPEAKING Make sentences using the given information: • 67 cities in Turkey • only one political party in Turkey • mountains • 3 billion people • stars • actors and actresses • bread • players-to play football
SPEAKING (PAST MODALS) The Titanic bearing down on the iceberg. Sunday, April 14, 1912 - 11:40 p.m.
SPEAKING Welcome aboard the Titanic in Cyberspace.The Titanic departed from Southampton, England on her first and only voyage Wednesday, April 10, 1912. She was the largest ship ever built at the time, reaching almost three football fields in length and twelve storeys high. After making stops at Cherbourg, France and then Queenstown, Ireland she headed for New York City.
SPEAKING Despite reports from other ships warning of ice ahead, the Titanic continued to increase her speed. Late Sunday night, an iceberg was sighted by the lookouts in the crow's nest. But it was too late. The Titanic could not turn out of its way in time and the iceberg scraped along the starboard(sancak) side of the ship, creating a series of punctures and buckled plates 300 feet long. Two hours and forty minutes later the brand new Titanic - the largest in the world - sank to the bottom of the ocean.There were not enough lifeboats on the Titanic for all the passengers. The prevailing wisdom at the time was that a ship the size of the Titanic, which was "practically unsinkable," would never have a need for that many lifeboats. 2,223 people were on board during this ill-fated voyage. Only 706 survived. Paul Quinn.
SPEAKING 1.The White Star Line could have included more life boats. (but he didn't) 2.The Captain could have cruised at a lower speed and postponed setting a 'crossing' record. 3.The watch crew could have located some binoculars before leaving England. 4.The ship designers could have included more safety compartments to keep the ship afloat. 5.The Captain could have steered directly into the iceberg and received less damage to the ship. 6.The crew could have reacted more quickly and called for help from nearby ships. 7.The radio-operator on the California could have had his radio turned on for emergency calls. 8.The White Star Line could have included enough life jackets for everyone. 9.The Captain could have let anyone into the life boats not just first class women and children. 10The crew could have filled the lifeboats completely, not half-full.
SPEAKING 1.The White Star Line should have included more life boats. (but he didn't) 2.The Captain should have cruised at a lower speed and postponed setting a 'crossing' record. 3.The watch crew could have located some binoculars before leaving England. 4.The ship designers should have included more safety compartments to keep the ship afloat. 5.The Captain should have steered directly into the iceberg to receive less damage to the ship. 6.The crew should have reacted more quickly and called for help from nearby ships. 7.The radio-operator on the California should have had his radio turned on for emergency calls. 8.The White Star Line should have included enough life jackets for everyone. 9.The Captain should have let anyone into the life boats, not just first class women and children. 10The crew should have filled the lifeboats completely, not half-full.
SPEAKING If the White Star Line had included more life boats, all the people would have survived. If the Captain had cruised at a lower speed and postponed setting a 'crossing' record, the watch men would have spotted the iceberg in time. If the watch crew had located some binoculars before leaving England, they would have seen the iceberg earlier. If the ship designers had included more safety compartments to keep the ship afloat, the ship might have stayed afloat until the Carpathia arrived. If the Captain had steered directly into the iceberg, the ship would have had less damage. If the crew had reacted more quickly, help might have come more quickly. If the radio-operator on the California had had his radio turned on for emergency calls, he would have gotten the call for help. If the White Star Line had included enough life jackets for everyone, all the bodies would have been found. If the Captain had let anyone into the life boats not just first class women and children, it would have been more just. If the crew had filled the lifeboats completely, more people would have survived.
SPEAKING What were some of the human errors that caused the tragic loss of human life? Gemide çok az miktarda finika bulunuyordu. The ship was carrying too few lifeboats. There were too few lifeboats on the ship. Buzdağlarının olduğu bildirilmiş olmasına rağmen, gemi hızını attırmaya devam etti. Although some icebergs were reported, the ship continued to increase her speed. Gözetleme yapan denizcilerin dürbünleri yoktu. The lookouts in the crow’s nest didn’t have binoculars. Çok fazla can kaybının olmasının nedenlerinden birisi de geminin tasarımıydı. One of the reasons why there were too many casultasies was the ship’s design.
SPEAKING Titanic batması imkansız bir gemi olduğundan, gemide yeterince finika yoktu. Since the Titanic was an unsinkable ship, there weren’t enough lifeboats on the ship. Star Line yönetimi kaptandan daha yavaş gitmesini isteyebilirdi. Star Line could have asked captain to sail more slowly. Kaptan yöneticilerin rekor kırma istediği reddebilirdi. Captain could have refused managers’ wish to break a record. Yönetimin isteklerine rağmen, mürettebat yavaşlamak için bahane bulabilirdi. In spite of the managements’ instructions, the crew could have found an excuse to slow down. Gemi tüm testlerden geçirilmiş olmalıydı. The ship sould have been tested all over.
SPEAKING İlk yolculuk olduğu için daha gemide daha az yolcu bulunmalıydı. Because it was the firts voyage, there should have been fewer passengers on the ship. Mürettebat daha hızlı reaksiyon vermeliydi. The crew should have reacted more quickly. Gemide bulunan insanlar korkmuş olmalılar. The people on board must have been frightened. Yolculardan bazıları intihar etmiş olabilir. Some of the passengers might have committed a suicide. Kaptan çok daha dikkatli olmalıydı. The captain should have been more careful.
SPEAKING Alkollü araba kullanmak tehlikeli ve yasaktır. Driving is dangerous and forbidden when you are drunk. Bilgisayar kullanmak insanları genellikle anti-sosyal yapar. Using computers usually makes people anti-social. Arazide yürürken, yılanların üstüne basmaktan çok korkuyordum. I was afraid of stepping onto the snakes when I was walking on the land. Kaç kere sana bunu anlatmam gerecek. Aynı şeyleri defalarca söylemekten bıktım usandım. How many times shall I tell you? I am tired od saying the same things again and again.
SPEAKING Babamı evde görmeyi dört gözle bekliyorduk ve gerçekten çok heyecanlıydık. We were looking forward to seeing my father at home and we were very excited. Ata binmek benim için zor olmasına rağmen, çalışarak üstesinden geldim. Even though riding horses was difficult for me, I coped with it by practising. Çocuklarla vakit geçirmeyi severim. I like speding time with children. Zamanımın çoğunu çocuklarla geçirmeyi severim. Geceleri uyuyamamaktan sabahları da kalkamamaktan nefret ederim. I hate being unable to sleep at nights and waking up in the mornings.
SPEAKING Bana bildiğim her şeyi öğrettiği için öğretmenime teşekkür ettim. I thanked my teacher for teaching me everything I knew. Hayatta sahip olduğu her şeyi çok çalışmakla kazandı. We won everything that he has in his life by working alot. Hiçbir şey yapmadan zamanını boşa harcadı. He wasted his time doing nothing. Televizyon izleyerek ve müzik dinleyerek odasında oturdu. He sat in his room watching TV and listening to music. Türklerin futbola olan merakını anlamak oldukça zor. It is difficult to understand Turks’ being keen on football. Bu kayayı yerinden oynatmak hemen hemen imkansızdı. It is almost impossible to move this rock from its place.
SPEAKING Çalışan bir sürü arkadaşım var. I have got a lot of working friends. Uyuyan devi uyardırmayalım. Let’s not wake the sleeping giant up. Amerika’ya gidersen Oturan Boğa’nın heykellerini görebilirsin. If you go to America, you can see the statues of Sitting Bull. Ülkenin bu kısmında araba kullanmak mantıklı değil. Driving in this part of the country is not logical.
SPEAKING Olmak ya da olmamak, işte bütün mesele bu. To be or not to be is the question. Önümüzdeki yıl Kanada’ya göç etmeyi planlıyoruz. We are planning to immigrate to Canada next year. Bu ayakkabıların hemen yenileri ile değiştirilmesini istiyorum. I want these shoes to be changed with the new ones immediately. İstanbul’dan otbüsle Trabzon’a gitmek 14 saat sürer. It takes 14 hours to go to Trabzon from İstanbul. Erkek kardeşim bira içmek için çok küçük. My brother is too young to drink beer.
SPEAKING Sen artık tek başına yaşayabilecek kadar büyüksün. You are old enough to be able to live alone. Michael fen projesini kolayca hazırlayabilecek kadar zeki bir çocuk. Michael is celever enough to prepare the science project easily. Michael fen projesini üç günde hazırlayabilecek kadar zeki bir çocuk. Michael is celever enough to prepare the science project within three days. Sizden övgü dolu mektuplar almak bizi her zaman çok sevindirmiştir. We have always been glad to receive praising letters from you. Doktor, John’un hastalığını tedavi etmek için onu ameliyat etti. The doctor operated John to cure his illness.