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Theories of Meaning. Referential Theory of Meaning Use Theory of Meaning Speech-act Theory of Meaning Hermeneutic Theory of Meaning Post-Modern Theory of Meaning. Theories of Meaning (Contd.). Freudian Theory of Meaning Emotive Theory of Meaning Spota Theory of Meaning

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theories of meaning
Theories of Meaning
  • Referential Theory of Meaning
  • Use Theory of Meaning
  • Speech-act Theory of Meaning
  • Hermeneutic Theory of Meaning
  • Post-Modern Theory of Meaning
theories of meaning contd
Theories of Meaning (Contd.)
  • Freudian Theory of Meaning
  • Emotive Theory of Meaning
  • Spota Theory of Meaning
  • Literal vrs Metaphoric Meaning
referential theory
Referential Theory
  • We mean what we say.
  • Word designates objects.
  • Facts are relation between objects.
  • Sentences capture the relations of objects
  • A true statement corresponds to facts.
use theory
Use Theory
  • Meaning of a word lies in its Use
  • Conventions and traditions play an important role (e.g. pankaja, akalmand)
  • Not every word stands for objects.
  • World of fiction, ethics, dance, music, aesthetics etc. do not have referents.
speech act theory
Speech-Act Theory
  • Speaking is a performance
  • In speaking we do certain things, e.g., promise, request, question, assertion etc.
  • Locutions, Illocutions and Perlocutions
hermeneutic theory
Hermeneutic Theory
  • Meaning lies in Interpretation.
  • Speech is a part of Discourse.
  • What comes first and what comes later would matter.
  • Customs/traditions help us in Interpretation.
  • There can be radical Interpretation
post modern theory
Post-Modern Theory
  • The Author Is Dead
  • Everything is a “Text”.
  • Interpretation/Re-interpretation is inevitable.
  • You never read the same text twice the same way.
freudian theory
Freudian Theory
  • Human Mind is Complex.
  • You may not know your own intention.
  • Sub-conscious intention can interfere.
  • Strong Unfulfilled desires are repressed.
emotive theory
Emotive Theory
  • Meaning is Emotion, Attitude.
  • Emotions could be negative or positive.
  • A gift is meaningful if you love it.
  • You would like to avoid an occasion where you feel uncomfortable.
  • You are sentimentally attached to the belongings of your parents.
spota theory
Spota Theory
  • Words and sentences have their power.
  • Meaning is this power.
  • Word meaning/Sentence meaning.
literal vrs metaphoric meening
Literal vrs Metaphoric Meening
  • A Metaphor cuts across the categories
  • Some ideas can be expressed only through metaphors
  • Turia state in Upanisad is compared to deep sleep state.
  • Sub-atomic structure to solar system.
  • Human nature to traits of animals and birds
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