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机动化与城市人居环境的协调发展 Harmonious Development between Mobilization and Urban Habitat Environment PowerPoint Presentation
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机动化与城市人居环境的协调发展 Harmonious Development between Mobilization and Urban Habitat Environment
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  1. 机动化与城市人居环境的协调发展Harmonious Development between Mobilization and Urban Habitat Environment 同济大学 杨东援 Tongji University Yang Dongyuan 2006.6

  2. 发展与挑战Development and Challenge

  3. 城市化所带来的挑战Challenge From Urbanization • 快速的城市化进程将在今后的20年期间,造成3亿左右的人口进入城市,这意味着有相当一批50-80万人口的城市将要快速发展成为百万人口以上规模。 • In the next 20 years, 3 billion people will move in the city during rapid urbanization. It will push some cities with 500,000~800,000 population into large cities with more than a million population. • 这种变化意味着相当数量城市的交通骨架需要巨大的变化,土地和环境资源的紧缺更加凸现。 • Transport Arterial Networks in many cities are requested to increase a lot under this great change. Shortage of Land and environmental resources emerges.

  4. 大规模的交通基础设施建设会极大地影响城市原有的氛围与环境。大规模的交通基础设施建设会极大地影响城市原有的氛围与环境。 Large-scale Transportation Infrastructure construction will greatly influence the original feeling and environment of the city. • 城市的管理者缺乏对于未来挑战的思想准备,却期待城市产业规模、人口规模、用地规模的巨大扩展。 • Urban Mangers are lack of preparation for future challenge, but expect the huge expansion of industry, population and Land.

  5. 惠州市惠城区高峰小时交通流量分布情况 Peak Hour Traffic flow distribution of Huizhou City 原有城市格局局限了主城区干线道路的扩展能力。 Original Urban form limits the expansion ability of Arterial Roads in the city center. LEGEND

  6. 依托高速公路发展起来的城区需要彻底调整原有布局依托高速公路发展起来的城区需要彻底调整原有布局 Urban areas which developed by Freeways needs to adjust the configuration totally. To Huicheng To Shanwei To Chenjiang Planned city entrance in the east Planned city entrance in the west To Shanwei Freeway Current entrance To Shenzhen To Shenzhen To Shenzhen

  7. Revision of Urban Master Plan of Huai’an City 原有小规模城市在扩展过程中所遇到的路网结构调整问题 Road Network needs to be adjusted in the expansion process of small-sized city.

  8. 第二产业发展与城市环境的冲突对于道路功能的影响——港口造成的冲突第二产业发展与城市环境的冲突对于道路功能的影响——港口造成的冲突 Conflicts between Second Industry Development and City Environment influence road network functions——Caused by Ports

  9. 有待开发的水上交通资源 Undeveloped Water Transport Resources Bus Routes along the Huangpu River

  10. 战略与实施Strategies and implementation

  11. 城市交通战略规划的结构模型Structure Model of Urban Transportation Strategic Planning

  12. 明确战略要点的方法与途径 Four Approaches to Strategic Issue Identification

  13. 目前中国大城市交通战略规划的基本方法 Approaches of Urban Transportation Strategic Planning in China big cites

  14. 城市交通战略规划的“可实施性”评估Implementation Ability Evaluation of Urban Transportation Strategic Planning • 规划文件的分析:侧重通过战略规划方案的结构化寻求方案逻辑关联的合理性。 • (Analysis of planning documents) Searching for logical rationality between plans by structured strategic plans • 政策实施分析:侧重关注政策内在的行政管理过程以及这个过程是否发生偏差的原因。 • (policy implementation analysis) Emphasis on inner administrative process and find the cause of its distortion.

  15. 价值取向与战略共识Value Inclination and Strategic agreement

  16. Car ownership GDP/capita Year Urban Radius GDP/capita 1) Economic Growth 3) Motorization Year Road length/ car Per capita Energy Consumption 2) Suburbanization Car Ownership Urban Radius 4) Demand /Supply 5) Energy Consumption Pollution Year 6) Environmental Load

  17. 从基础设施建设到复合型交通模式体系建设From infrastructure construction to construction of Compound Transport Pattern Framework 从单纯基础设施建设转向交通模式的引导与管理,系统的复杂性在能级上出现提升。 Simple infrastructure constructions are shifted to guidance and management of Transport Patterns. Complexity of the system is upgraded.

  18. 城市交通战略指导思想的变化Changes in Urban Transport Strategies Guidance 环境与资源的约束 Constraints of Environment and resources 环境与资源的约束 Constraints of Environment and resources Demand Supply Demand Supply 需求 需求 供给 供给 交通模式的调整Adjustment of Transport Patterns 在保障人居环境和城市生态的前提下,尽可能扩大城市道路网络,以适应日益增长的交通需求。对于超出部分采用需求管理的方式加以抑制,引导其转向城市公共交通系统。 Under the premise of guaranteeing habitat and environment, Urban road network should be expanded to meet the increasing traffic demand. Demand Management should be applied to control the traffic and try to lead them shift to Urban Transit.

  19. 公共交通主导模式在世博交通体系中的体现 Transit-oriented pattern in World-expo transportation system

  20. 局部综合交通管理规划Local Comprehensive Transport Management Planning 微循环交通系统与人居环境 Micro-circulation Transport system and Habitat Environment

  21. 住宅与办公地点紧密型布局 公共交通 鼓励合乘 清洁能源汽车 智能交通 请问到动物园怎么走? 住宅与办公地点分离型布局 私人轿车交通 小轿车低效使用 汽车尾汽污染 道路效率不高 任务的分解与协同——综合手段的应用Decomposing and Coordination of Tasks——Application of Comprehensive Methods Clean energy automobiles Transit Ridesharing Compact setting of residence and office ITS Dispersed setting of residence and office Auto exhaust pollution Low Road Efficiency Private Car Low efficiency of car

  22. 开发水上公共交通系统以缓解资源的紧缺 Water transport resources are developed to release the shortage of resources.

  23. Assistant Ring Road 形成新的绕行过江通道以分流过境交通 New circuitous river-crossing passages are constructed to split the through traffic Legend New Road Cancelled road The second passage in southwest

  24. 经济发展机会 Economic developing opportunity 基础设施/ 公共服务以及交通 污染Pollution 交通堵塞Congestion 一个城区所含的要素(Elements in the city) 房屋Housing 娱乐设施recreation 经济Economy 安全Safety 社会Society 文化culture 空闲时间spare time 特征feature 城市居住的成本 cost of residence 犯罪Crime 面对面的互动 Face-to-face interaction

  25. 干线道路改造的滞后 过境交通穿越地区 过境交通在地区内高速通过 1降低交通安全性(事故多发) 道路网络缺乏明确层次 汽车交通集中特定道路 视距恶化 人行道改造的滞后 步行者-自行车-机动车混杂 2降低步行快适性(步行空间改造滞后) 难以通达干线道路和主要设施 沿线道路公害恶化 3恶化人居环境(发生交通公害) 存在大量窄幅道路 主要的避难道路不足 引发交通拥堵 4降低交通便利性(连通性低下) 停车场不足 存在紧急车辆进入困难地区 5降低防范性(外部人员进入) 缺乏货物装卸设施 路上停车(违章停车)多见 阻碍紧急车辆通行 6降低防灾能力(阻碍消防等活动) 7其他问题:适应高龄化社会的滞后,缺少良好城市景观,阻碍公共交流等

  26. Lagged Arterial construction Areas with through traffic Through traffic passed through fast 1Decrease the traffic Safety(More accidents) No clear hierarchy Roads with mass auto traffic Bad sight distance Lagged sidewalk construction Mixed traffic road 2decrease walking comfort(Lagged walking space construction Bad Accessibility to Arterial and facilities Serious social effect of road 3Bad Habitat(Traffic Social effect) Narrow streets Short of refuge road Traffic congestion 4Bad Traffic convenience(Low Conectiveity) Lack of Parking Hard for emergencies to enter 5Decrease the security(Exterior Population) Lack of Load-unload facility On-street Parking Hamper the emergencies 6Decrease anti-disaster ability(Hamper the fire control) 7others:lagged for high-aged adaptability, short of city scene, block public communication

  27. 确定区域改造概念的工作流程work flow of local improvement 分析角度 排除过境交通 • 确定具体问题地点和问题道路 • 把握问题内容与程度 • 明确区域未来目标情景 • 区域交通微循环系统改造概念 • 区域的整体形象 • 改造的优先顺序 • 改造位置与道路 • 实施体制与机制 • 改造内容 控制车辆速度 整顿路内停车 考虑交通弱者 考虑自行车使用 考虑环境与景观 创建公共空间

  28. Angles Exclude the speed • Identify spots and road with problems • Analyze the problem • Identify the local goals • Micro-Circulation Improvement • Overall Vision • Order of improvements • Spots and Roads for improvement • Implementation Mechanism • Improvement Plan Control the speed Control on-street parking Dishabilles Cyclist Environment and scenes Public Space

  29. 谢谢! Thanks!