comparing soils n.
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Comparing soils - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Comparing soils. Soil profiles. Soil profiles for different soils. General soil profile. The topsoil is the richest part of the soil in terms of minerals and humus.

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Presentation Transcript
general soil profile
General soil profile
  • The topsoil is the richest part of the soil in terms of minerals and humus.
  • When hedges are removed the topsoil may be removed by high winds and can create `dust bowls` - plants and crops cannot grow in the soil if this happens.
capillarity in soil
Capillarity in soil
  • Two forces operate in capillarity ( how water moves up through soil):
  • Adhesive forces – forces of attraction between unlike molecules such as water and soil particles
  • Cohesive forces – forces of attraction between like molecules such as water and water
  • The diagram opposite shows how the diameter of the tube affects the height that the dye will reach and this is linked to the two forces of adhesion and cohesion.
experiment to show capillarity in 4 soils
Experiment to show capillarity in 4 soils
  • The water would travel further in column D because this contains silt particles which have the fewest air spaces and there are stronger adhesive forces ( between soil particles and water) than in other soils where the air spaces are larger.
soil drainage experiments
Soil drainage experiments
  • Sand drains easily because the particles have large air spaces in between and the water can drain easily
  • Clay soils are compact with very little air in the soil. They do not drain very well at all.
  • Mixed soils such as LOAM (garden soil) are a good mixture of sand, clay, humus, stones etc and it drains quite well and, generally, does not become water logged unless there is excessive rain.