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Putting Pacman in the Classroom Karen Anderson There’s a thin line..... Introduction Karen Anderson CP3 2007: It’s Not Just A Game – totally different Currently teaching – independent boarding school Previously – state sixth form Successfully introduced games design into both

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introduction
Introduction

Karen Anderson

CP3 2007: It’s Not Just A Game – totally different

Currently teaching – independent boarding school

Previously – state sixth form

Successfully introduced games design into both

Differences – gender, ages, enthusiasm

learning objectives
Learning Objectives

To explain what games are and why they are important

To show how games can be used in education – in all subjects and for all ages

To show how you and your pupils can make your own games for education

what is a game6
What is a game?

Powerful media form – interactive

Huge range – massive worlds to single screens, immersive to casual

Part of culture – characters part of contemporary psyche

Being used in more fields – entertainment, education, advertising,

why are games important
Why are games important?

Exercises the brain

Encourages problem solving and choice-making

Builds confidence (difficulty curve)

Improves dexterity

Improves multitasking

why are games important8
Why are games important?

Helps children learn pattern recognition

Practice for the real world / encourages real world activities

Fun without real consequences

Demonstrates choices have consequences for characters

the questions i m always asked
The questions I’m always asked...

Do computer games promote violence?

Should we be encouraging children to stay indoors, sitting slouched in front of the TV playing games?

how can games be used in education
How can games be used in education?

Pupils making games

- as a discrete area of ICT/Media

- as part of any subject

Pupils playing games

Support teaching methods – not replace them

off the shelf games

Off-the-shelf games

... available in all good games shops...

barriers
Barriers

I don’t play games...

It will be difficult to manage the lesson...

It’s difficult to set up...

It’s expensive...

break the barriers
Break the Barriers

I don’t play games...

This workshop will give suggestions

Only need to play the one you plan to use

Pupils may suggest future ones

break the barriers14
Break the Barriers

It will be difficult to manage the lesson...

Have a plan

“If you misbehave, we won’t play games ever again...”

break the barriers15
Break the Barriers

It’s difficult to set up...

Most consoles – 3 cables – only fit in one socket

IT Technicians

Use pupils equipment e.g. DS

break the barriers16
Break the Barriers

It’s expensive...

Don’t have to use latest equipment

Original Xbox – about £20

- games - 4 for £20

Free games online

Emulators

FREE!!!!

CHEAP!!

setting up
Setting up

It’s this easy...

bespoke games

Bespoke games

... made by YOU and your pupils...

how can they be used
How can they be used?

You make games

  • Specific to your subject
  • Specific to your pupils
  • Make ‘boring’ topics interesting
  • New approach to difficult topics
how can they be used21
How can they be used?

Your pupils make games

  • Further understanding of a topic
  • Help each other learn
  • Encourage creativity
  • Play each other’s games
  • Work in groups
barriers22
Barriers

Surely it’s really hard?

  • Designed to be as easy as possible
  • Most designed for children
  • Try in this workshop

But maybe it’s expensive?

  • The games design software I will show you is FREE!!!

FREE!!!!

scratch
Scratch

scratch.mit.edu/

Made by MIT

Designed for 8 year olds and older

I’ve used with 11, 15, 17

This is what we’ll use today

adrift
Adrift

www.adrift.org.uk

Creates text adventures (aka interactive fiction)

Easy to use – games depend on creator’s imagination

Many examples available on internet – search for interactive fiction (esp Lost Pig aka Grunk and 9:05)

hot potatoes
Hot Potatoes

hotpot.uvic.ca

by Half-Baked Software Inc (University of Victoria)

Hot Potatoes 6 becomes free on 1st September 2009

Creates quizzes, gap-fills, crosswords, jumbled sentences, matching exercises, etc

while we re talking puzzles
While we’re talking puzzles ...

A couple of websites I used recently:

www.puzzle-maker.com/CW/

www.teach-nology.com/web_tools/word_search/

powerpoint
PowerPoint

Made by Microsoft, probably something you have already

Although made for presentations, using hyperlinks and a bit of creativity, can make games

Example...

web 2 0
Web 2.0

Use their existing interests in your lessons

Facebook

Many games available e.g. puzzles, logic, shapes

Second Life

The EduIslands, Foul Whisperings (Macbeth), Genome Island (science), International SpaceFlight Museum

don t forget board games
Don’t forget... Board Games

Great way to get pupils sitting round, doing something together

Use the same elements as computer games

Could have different ones on different tables

Need communication, strategy, etc

Examples:

Game of Life – Twists and Turns (Hasbro),

Cluedo – Discover The Secrets (Hasbro),

Cranium, Dingbats, Risk, Chess, etc

scratch30
Scratch

We will try the basics together

Then, in your pairs, you will each make different games

If time, you can play each others’ games

Take a copy of your games

scratch31
Scratch

Open the software....

scratch33
Scratch

Click on Control in the top left

scratch34
Scratch

Select and drag it to your script area

scratch35
Scratch

Click on Motion in the top left

scratch36
Scratch

Select and drag it to your script area

Attach it to the yellow block of script

scratch37
Scratch

Click on the green flag

Your sprite should move forward each time you press the green flag

scratch38
Scratch

So we’ve made your sprite move

Let’s now make it walk

scratch39
Scratch

Click on the Costumes tab

Notice how there are two costumes for your sprite

scratch40
Scratch

Click back onto the Scripts tab

Click on Looks in the top left

scratch41
Scratch

Select and drag it to your script area

Attach it to the blue block of script

scratch42
Scratch

Test that by clicking on the green flag

scratch43
Scratch

Choose the Control tools

Add this block:

to your other blocks

and change the number to 0.5 secs

scratch44
Scratch

Choose the Motion tools

Add another ‘move 10 steps’ block to the others

Choose the Looks tools

Add another ‘switch to costume’ block

Change it to say ‘costume 1’

scratch45
Scratch

Test that by clicking on the green flag

(while the script is outlined in white, it means it is still running)

scratch46
Scratch

Now we have the sprite taking two steps, we need to have it continue to walk

Open the Control tools and drag the ‘repeat’ block on your script area

scratch47
Scratch

Pull the repeat block so it is around everything except your start block

scratch48
Scratch

Test that by clicking on the green flag

How can we make it walk faster?

How can we make it walk further?

How can we make it take more steps?

scratch49
Scratch

Our sprite moves but, if it keeps walking, it will disappear off the edge of the screen

We need it to turn around and walk back

scratch50
Scratch

Open the Motion tools (blue)

Drag to under your ‘wait’ block

Drag another to under your other ‘wait’ block

scratch51
Scratch

Test your animation

What happens when the sprite reaches the edge?

scratch52
Scratch

To stop it turning upside down, we need to tell it that the cat cannot turn upside

In the sprite info at the top of the screen, select the ↔ icon (‘only face left-right’)

scratch53
Scratch

The last thing we will do with this sprite is add a sound

Before we do, we need to make sure your computer will play sound.

scratch54
Scratch

Open the Sound tools

Add the block to the bottom of the script blocks, under the repeat block

scratch55
Scratch

Congratulations!!

Now, to make an interactive game...

conclusion57
Conclusion

Games are a part of society and part of your pupils’ lives

Games can enhance learning and support other teaching methods

Off-the-shelf games available – cheap and easy to use

Bespoke games – made by teachers, made by pupils

thank you

Thank you

Any Questions