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Ethics and Morality Theory. Part 2 28 January 2008. Recap. Ethics: study of the systems of belief about morality Our focus: ethical dilemmas When ethical principles conflict Conceptual muddles: when the answer in cyberspace and physical space may be different

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ethics and morality theory

Ethics and Morality Theory

Part 2

28 January 2008

recap
Recap
  • Ethics: study of the systems of belief about morality
  • Our focus: ethical dilemmas
    • When ethical principles conflict
    • Conceptual muddles: when the answer in cyberspace and physical space may be different
  • Looking at normative ethics: frameworks that define what we should do
specifically we will look at
Specifically, we will look at
  • Ethical relativism
    • Individual (or subjective)
    • Cultural
  • Normative ethical theories
    • Deontological
      • Kantianism
      • Contractualism
    • Teleological
      • Utilitarianism
ethical relativism
Ethical Relativism
  • Is there anything universally right or wrong?
  • How is right or wrong decided?
individual relativism
Individual Relativism
  • Is this the same as tolerance?
  • For
    • Well-meaning, intelligent people can disagree
  • Against
    • Does not provide moral distinction.
      • What does morality mean?
    • Not based on reason
    • People are good at rationalization
exercise
Exercise
  • Write down your view on sharing of electronic media (music, video, writing, software)
  • Break into small groups and discuss
cultural relativism
Cultural Relativism
  • Consider Hampden-Turner and Trompenaars work
  • For
    • Different social contexts
    • Arrogance to judge
  • Are there examples when we should impose views on a society?
  • Against
    • Evolution of practices
    • Societies do share core values
normative ethical theories
Normative Ethical Theories
  • Deontological: based on the sense of duty
    • Right because of the act
  • Teleological: based on the result
    • Right because of the result
  • Exercise: Break into groups and come up with an original example of how they differ
  • Is there an ethical issue here?