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A Framework for Integrating and Developing Healthcare Services Jae-Ho Jang 1 , Dong-Seok Kim 1 , Yun-Jae Lee 1 , Chang-Sun Shin 2 , Su-Chong Joo 1 1 School of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Wonkwang University, Korea {cjh3148, loveacs, YunJae, scjoo}@wonkwang.ac.kr

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a framework for integrating and developing healthcare services

A Framework for Integrating and Developing Healthcare Services

Jae-Ho Jang1, Dong-Seok Kim1, Yun-Jae Lee1, Chang-Sun Shin2, Su-Chong Joo1

1School of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Wonkwang University, Korea

{cjh3148, loveacs, YunJae, scjoo}@wonkwang.ac.kr

2School of Information and Communication Engineering, Sunchon National University, Korea

csshin@sunchon.ac.kr

table of contents
Table of Contents
  • Introduction
    • Related Works
    • Goals of Our Research
  • Framework for Supporting Healthcare Integrated Service (FSHIS)
    • Architecture of the FSHIS
    • Supporting Services of the FSHIS
    • Integrating of Healthcare Services in Our Framework
  • Application Simulation for Healthcare Home based on the FSHIS
    • Execution Conditions of Application Simulator for Healthcare Home Service
    • Simulation Environment
  • Conclusions and Future Works
1 introduction
1. Introduction
  • Computing resources are distributed in different spaces
    • Serving people even without their awareness.
    • Ex. applications, sensors, devices, and so on
  • Computing paradigm shift
    • Ubiquitous computing for Healthcare Home.
    • Connection the health devices/sensors with home network.

Ubiquitous Computing Environments

Healthcare Home Service Based on Ubiquitous Computing

1 1 related works 1 3
1.1 Related Works(1/3)

Smart Medical Home by Univ. of Rochester

eHII(Electronic Home InformationInfrastructure) House by Matsushita Elec.

1 1 related works 2 3

Distributed Real-time

Applications

Distributed Applications

……

APP1

APP n

APP2

Real-time

Objects

Objects

Objects

Objects

Objects

Object GroupServices

OBJECT MANAGEMENT SERVICES

REAL-TIME SERVICES

Distributed Object Group

Framework

GROUPMANAGEROBJECT

SECURITYOBJECT

INFORMATIONREPOSITORYOBJECT

DYNAMICBINDEROBJECT

REAL-TIMEMANAGEROBJECT

SCHEDULEROBJECT

Object GroupComponents

COTS MIDDLEWARE

OPERATING SYSTEM & COMMUNICATION NETWORK

1.1 Related Works(2/3)
  • Distributed Objects Group Framework(DOGF) by Our Lab.
1 1 related works 3 3

Name of TMO

Capabilities for accessing other TMSs. Network environment includes logical multicast channels and I/O devices

ODSS1

ODSS2

EAC

Object Data Store(ODS)

SpM1

AAC

SpM2

AAC

Time-triggered(TT)

Spontaneous Methods

(SpM’s)

Reservation Q

“Absolute time

domain”

Deadlines

From SvM’s, SpM’s

Service RequestQueues

SvM1

Message-triggered

Service Methods

(SvM’s)

Client

TMO’s

SvM2

“Relative time

domain”

Concurrency Control

1.1 Related Works(3/3)
  • TMO Scheme by University of California at Irvine
    • Real-time object with real-time properties itself.
    • Supporting the requirements of Healthcare Home Service
  • TMO Structure
    • ODS(Object Data Store)
    • EAC(Environment Access Capability)
    • AAC(Autonomous Activation Condition)
    • SpMs(Spontaneous Methods)
    • SvMs(Service Methods)
1 2 goals of our research
1.2 Goals of Our Research
  • Proposing the FSHIS supporting the integration of devices/sensors and applications providing healthcare service.
    • Extending the functions of healthcare services to the DOGF.
    • Integrating the existing healthcare services.
  • Group Supporting
    • Considering physical devices/sensors and applications supporting a healthcare service as a logical single group.
  • Real-Time Supporting
    • Satisfying real-time constraints like emergency for healthcare
    • Using the TMO scheme and the TMO Support Middleware (TMOSM)
2 framework for supporting healthcare integrated service fshis
2. Framework for Supporting Healthcare Integrated Service (FSHIS)
  • Integrating Framework
    • Integrating the existing healthcare services in home into the location tracking service, the health information management service, and the titrating environment service.
  • Adaptable Framework
    • Reconfiguring or grouping healthcare services as application groups.
    • Integrating healthcare devices/sensors on the physical level and healthcare applications on the application level.

Reconfiguring new healthcare services dynamically!!!

2 1 architecture of the fshis
2.1 Architecture of the FSHIS
  • Application Layer
    • Location Tracking Service Group
    • Health Information Service Group
    • Titrating Environment Supporting Service Group
  • Framework Layer
    • Group Management Object
    • Security Object
    • Information Repository Object
    • Dynamic Binder Object
  • Physical Layer
    • Location Tracking Sensor Group
    • Health Information Sensor Group
    • Home Environment Information

Sensor/Device Group

functions of the framework s components
Functions of the framework’s components
  • The Group Manager object
    • Supporting the grouping service of the healthcare supporting distributed objects and sensors/devices.
  • The Information Repository object
    • Storing group and location properties of objects and sensors/devices.
  • The Security object
    • Responsible to the access right controlling service based on properties of healthcare data, devices, sensors, and application groups.
  • The Dynamic Binder object
    • Supporting dynamic binding service for duplicated healthcare resources.
  • Using TMO & TMOSM as COTS(Commercial-Off-The-Shelf) middleware providing the real-time scheduling function itself.
    • Hence, we do not use RTM and Scheduler objects for the real-time service in DOGF.
2 2 supporting service of the fshis

Supporting services ofthe DOGF

Component of

the

DOGF

Supporting services ofthe FSHIS

2.2 Supporting Service of the FSHIS

`

  • Grouping service of the healthcare supporting devices/ sensors
  • Object grouping service of the healthcare supporting distributed objects
  • Object group supportingservice
  • GM Object
  • Information Repository object
  • Access right control service based on properties of healthcare data, devices, sensors and application groups
  • Access rightcontrol service
  • GM Object
  • Security Object
  • Dynamic binding service for duplicated healthcare resources
  • Dynamic Objectselection and binding service
  • GM Object
  • Dynamic Binder Object
2 3 integrating of healthcare services 1 3
2.3 Integrating of Healthcare Services(1/3)
  • Location Tracking Service
    • Transferring the indoor location of moving object to the location tracking service group via the DOGF from the location tracking sensor group.
      • Analyzing the resident’s location, moving range, staying time, and so on.
2 3 integrating of healthcare services 2 3
2.3 Integrating of Healthcare Services(2/3)
  • Health Information Service
    • Sensing/storing the health information through the sensors (blood pressure sensor and glycosuria sensor) adhered to home resident.
    • Interacting with the Location Tracking Sensor Group and Health Information Sensor Group.
    • Providing the emergency call service.
2 3 integrating of healthcare services 3 3
2.3 Integrating of Healthcare Services(3/3)
  • Titrating Environment Supporting Service
    • Interacting with the Location Tracking Sensor Group and Environment Information Sensor Group.
    • Reserving the temperature, illumination, and humidity.
3 application simulation for healthcare home based on the fshis
3. Application Simulation for Healthcare Home based on the FSHIS
  • Interacting among Healthcare Home Applications
3 application simulation for healthcare home based on the fshis16
3. Application Simulation for Healthcare Home based on the FSHIS
  • For the location tracking service,
    • The Person TMO is mapping to moving object, called resident, in simulation environment.
    • The Sensor TMO senses the movement of Person TMO by the periodic time.
    • When detecting the moving object, Sensor TMO transfers the location information to the Location Tracking TMO.
  • For health information service,
    • The Emergency TMO sends an urgent request to the particular hospital after notifying the 1-step emergency.
    • The Tonometer TMO periodically sends the blood pressure information of the resident to the Location Tracking TMO.
    • The Glycosuria TMO transfers data obtained from the glycosuria sensor installed in lavatory to the Location Tracking TMO.
    • The Location Tracking TMO provides health information to the Monitor TMO.
3 application simulation for healthcare home based on the fshis17
3. Application Simulation for Healthcare Home based on the FSHIS
  • For the titrating environment service,
    • The Home Server TMO monitors the action of all information appliances by receiving the information from corresponding appliance’s TMO.
    • The Air conditioner TMO, the Heater TMO, and the Fan TMO control the indoor temperature.
    • The Light TMO controls the illumination in home.
    • The Camera TMO observes a thief at nighttime.
    • The Window TMO changes the indoor air condition periodically.
    • The Humidity TMO notifies the indoor humidity information to the Home Server TMO.
  • For monitoring home resident,
    • The Monitor TMO reflects the health, the home environments, and the location information of resident into the 2 dimensional simulation spaces.
3 2 simulation environment
3.2 Simulation Environment

Sensor Node

(Location, Health info,

Environment info…)

Monitoring/Controlling

Environment

(using Embedded Board)

Titrating Environment

Supporting system

Blue(Intel x86/Windows)

Monitoring /Controlling System2

White(Intel XScale/Pocket PC)

Location Tracking and

Health Information

System

Red (Intel x86/Windows)

Monitoring /Controlling System1

Green(Intel x86/Windows)

Play

4 conclusions and future works 1 2
4. Conclusions and Future Works(1/2)
  • In this paper, we propose the Framework for Supporting Healthcare Integrated Service (FSHIS)
    • The lower layer includes the physical sensors and devices for healthcare, as a physical layer.
    • The middle layer is the DOGF layer.
    • The upper layer implements healthcare applications based on lower layers.
  • Implemented services on our Framework
    • The location tracking service, the health information service, and the titrating environment service.
    • Supporting Remote Monitoring GUI Environment
      • Displaying healthcare information of a home resident.
      • Providing the remote real-time monitoring service.
4 conclusions and future works 2 2
4. Conclusions and Future Works(2/2)
  • Key ideas of the FSHIS
    • Defining physical sensors/devices and distributed objects supporting healthcare as the logical single sensor group and the distributed application service group.
    • Could develop the additional healthcare services by creating new service group through the interactions of the TMOs which are the implementing objects executing each service.
      • By defining the interfaces between the sensor group and the application service group.
  • Future Works
    • Based on our FSHIS, we are to apply the various healthcare service to our framework, and verify the executability of framework by comparing and analyzing with the existing frameworks.