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Developing a framework

Where the Home Is Matters Planning for Healthy and Equitable Communities Julie West, MPH Jim Krieger, MD, MPH P ublic Health – Seattle & King County May 2014. Developing a framework.

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Developing a framework

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  1. Where the Home Is MattersPlanning for Healthy and Equitable CommunitiesJulie West, MPHJim Krieger, MD, MPHPublic Health – Seattle & King CountyMay 2014

  2. Developing a framework http://www.kingcounty.gov/healthservices/health/ehs/~/media/health/publichealth/documents/healthyplaces/PHCGuidelines.ashx

  3. Physical Activity Connection Residents in all communities in King County have access to safe and convenient opportunities for physical activity and exercise.

  4. Regional Planning Efforts

  5. Puget Sound Region Council Vision 2040 - Multi-County Planning Policies • MPP-DP-43: Design communities to provide an improved environment for walking and bicycling. • MPP-DP-44: Incorporate provisions addressing health and well-being into appropriate regional, countywide, and local planning and decision-making processes. • MPP-DP-45: Promote cooperation and coordination among transportation providers, local governments, and developers to ensure that joint- and mixed-use developments are designed to promote and improve physical, mental, and social health and reduce the impacts of climate change on the natural and built environments. • MPP-DP-46: Develop and implement design guidelines to encourage construction of healthy buildings and facilities to promote healthy people. • MPP-DP-47: Support agricultural, farmland, and aquatic uses that enhance the food system in the central Puget Sound region and its capacity to produce fresh and minimally processed foods.

  6. Growing Transit Communities Northgate Transit Station Area August 27, 2012

  7. Community priorities “Need a place, not just a space.” “Nice gathering places will turn this into a thriving area.” “Parks & open spaces everyone can use.” “Interacting with nature is part of quality-of-life.” “More pedestrian friendly streetscapes.” “More residents will create a stronger neighborhood community.”

  8. Healthy Transit Oriented Community Principles 1. Access to parks and green spaces 2. Active and safe travel

  9. Healthy Transit Oriented Community Principles 3. Access to services 4. Sustainable economic development

  10. Healthy Transit Oriented Community Principles 5. Healthy homes and buildings

  11. City planning

  12. Yesler Terrace CommunityThe Present • 28 Acres of Publicly Subsidized Housing • Prime downtown location • Built in 1939 • Deteriorating housing • Lack of services • Disconnected from broader community

  13. The Future:Rebuilding Yesler Terrace • Energy-Efficient • Sustainable • Healthy Food • Healthy Homes • Healthy Environment • Jobs • Parks • Transit, Bike Trails, Walking Paths • Mixed Income

  14. The Health Advisory Group • Develop and prioritize strategies • Research healthy community evidence • Number of people affected and/or impact • Assess feasibility • Incorporate community values • Members • Public Health – Seattle & King County • Puget Sound Clean Air Agency • University of Washington • Feet First (walking advocacy group) • Neighborhood House (social service provider) • Seattle Housing Authority • Harborview Medical Center • Washington Department of Transportation

  15. Health Goals • Opportunity to Build Social Connections • Access to Goods, Services and Employment • Protection from Environmental Pollutants • Safe Level of Community Noise • Protected Natural Environment • Healthy Indoor Environments • Access to Parks and Green Spaces • Diverse Food Systems • Environment Supporting Physical Activity

  16. Pollutants are elevated near roadways wind Black Carbon, CO, Nox, particles

  17. Strategy #4: Air Quality Reduce and mitigate the impacts of air pollution to promote healthy respiratory function. Examples • Design loading docks away from building air intakes. • Minimize vehicle exhaust exposure. • Locate places where vulnerable populations live and play away from interstate

  18. Strategy #9: Healthy Food Provide access to a diversity of healthy food choices to the area. Examples • Provide space for community gardens. • Provide space for health food retail on site (e.g. grocer, supermarket, produce store). • Farmers market on site

  19. Thank you Resources • American Planning Association • Nat’l Assn of City and County Health Officials • APHA and NEHA • Change Lab • Prevention Institute • Human Impact Partners Contact information: Julie West Julie.West@kingcounty.gov

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