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Greening the Last Mile Sustainability solutions that work for humanitarian fleets. A tool for executing excellence. Environmental management. Fleet Excellence. Consistent with other hallmarks of excellence: safety, cost effectiveness,

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Greening the Last Mile

Sustainability solutions that work for humanitarian fleets

a tool for executing excellence
A tool for executing excellence

Environmental management

Fleet Excellence

  • Consistent with other hallmarks of excellence: safety, cost effectiveness,
  • Environmental management offers principles to guide decisions & help achieve excellence
environmental mgmt change mgmt
Environmental mgmt = change mgmt
  • Why are you doing it?
  • Get support from the top
  • Start with good data
  • Use it to inform strategy and choose the right tools/solutions
  • Make the business case
  • Engage, engage, integrate, integrate
  • Measure and report results
why environment matters
Why Environment Matters

Good environmental management helps to:

  • Manage environmental risk
  • Protect beneficiary populations and our staff
  • Identify and reduce resource waste
  • Reduce operating costs, improve accountability
  • Enhance our reputation: with donors and staff
  • Serve as an example in developing countries for eco technology/practices

We support WFP to cut costs, manage risks and improve accountability by identifying, measuring and reducing our environmental impacts.


Infrastructure and Facilities Management

Build, maintain, sustain

support from the top
Support from the Top

“The UN should lead by example… in using energy more efficiently and eliminating wasteful practices”

- UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

“Measuring and managing the environmental impacts of our work, including during emergencies, is an important act of stewardship. It helps us safeguard the livelihoods of people we serve.” - WFP Executive Director, Ertharin Cousin

“Aside from the cost savings and doing our part to be more responsible energy consumers, I hope we set an example. Isn't the United Nations supposed to do that?”  

- WFP Country director, Richard Ragan


start with good data
Start with good data
  • “We can’t manage what we don’t measure”
  • Start with what already you have
  • Know when “near enough” IS enough
  • Know how to ask for what you need
  • Expect errors and learn to spot them
  • “There is no such thing as a stupid question”


  • HQ footprint 2007; global since 2008, spanning 1000+ premises, 3000+ vehicles, 20,000+ trips
  • Tools; templates for contractors; help desk;


wfp 2012 footprint summary
WFP 2012 Footprint Summary

78,898 tonnes CO2e

6.2m litres generator fuel: USD 8m

22,400 flights: USD 15m(plus DSA)

24.7 m kWh electricity: USD 3m

10.3 m litres fuel: USD 13.4m


use data to drive decision making
Use data to drive decision making
  • Global results:
  • LVs fuel = 2x truck fuel
  • Diesel = 55% of GHGs
  • Generators provide 50% of WFP’s electricity
  • Top 10 COs = 67% of total
  • Country specific breakdowns prepared


use data to drive decision making1
Use data to drive decision making

WFP Emission Reduction Strategy

  • Built on existing fleet strategies: GVLP, Logistics [ reduce average age, smaller/elec vehicles in cities, improved maintenance, driver training.
  • Differentiated targets: 10% heavy vehicles, 17% light vehicles, 12 % buildings, 0% net gain on flights
  • Potential savings:
    • >8,600 tonnes of CO2e [10% of 2008 baseline] by end 2013
    • US$ 3.3 million in operating costs per year
    • 2012 total 8.3% below baseline


building the business case
Building the business case
  • Start with a robust baseline [BAU]
  • Develop a ‘project case’, using the most realistic scenario you can: actual costs, mileages, loads;
  • Include whole-of-life costing: not just upfront costs – fuel, maintenance, replacement components;
  • Check the payback period exceeds the life of the asset


engage engage integrate integrate
Engage, engage, integrate, integrate
  • Country-specific plans: Sudan, Ethiopia, Sierra Leone;
  • WFP Nepal reduced energy use by 1/3 through energy management – plus 20kWp of solar PV to save 1/3 more;
  • Oil takeback by supplier in Chad; by government in Sierra Leone;
  • Batteries and scrap metal recycling by DPKO
  • WFP Ethiopia involved Programme in staff in green committee, to encourage join scheduling of field trips;
  • FMS, fleet training for administrators as well as drivers


measure report results
Measure & report results
  • Total LVs decreased: 3500 to 2800
  • Average age at disposal 8.5 years
  • Increase use of sedans, electric vehicles in capital cities
  • Trained more than 1000 WFP drivers in 30+ countries, plus 385 interagency
  • Steady decrease in vehicle fuel use [beneficiary numbers steady]


measure report results 2
Measure & report results 2
  • Yearly UN wide reporting from 2009;
  • KPI added to WFP’s annual report from 2010 “% change in GHG emissions” – globally and by country operation;
  • Monitoring and evaluation plan for every project we fund;
  • On track for 10%. New target =18% below 2008, by 2017


practical tips for greening fleet ops
Practical tips for greening fleet ops
  • Make environment part of your fleet management strategy, not something “on top of everything else”;
  • You may have a lot of what you need already;
  • Base decisions on good data
  • Keep it simple;
  • Results come from 50% technology, 50% behaviour
  • If it doesn’t save you money, it might not be the right solution for your business;
  • Speak the right language to each audience: snr managers, finance, drivers, mechanics, donors;


for more information
For more information:



World Food Programme

Via C.G. Viola, 68/70 - 00148 Rome, Italy