Sustainability: Implementing Programs that Last 100 Years Implementation and Sustainability: A Context
No matter how cynical you get, it is impossible to keep up. Lily Tomlin The nice part about being a pessimist is that you are constantly being either proven right or pleasantly surprised. George Will
The Wing Institute FIRST YEAR FOCUS Extensive review of existing research, resources, policies, programs, and systems regarding evidence-based education, school reform, professional development, and support resources.
The Wing Institute FIRST YEAR OBSERVATIONS • Unprecedented focus on science, evidence, outcomes in policy, practice and culture • Significant drought of formal research on evidence-based practices • Lack of standards on what constitutes “evidence” • Inadequate resources & infrastructure for new research • Fledgling efforts at analyzing, disseminating existing evidence • Extremely poor performance scores by almost all measures • Track record of failed reform efforts
The Wing Institute FIRST YEAR ORGANIZATIONAL RESPONSE • Secured large size bottle of anti-depressants • Developed a conceptual framework for organizing research and defining the core components of evidence-based practice: ROADMAP • Expanded search for exemplary work
The Wing Institute SECOND YEAR FOCUS Expanded review of existing research, resources, policies, programs, and systems across disciplines. education school psychology social psychology psychology social work school counseling psychiatry mental health juvenile justice medicine organizational mgmt. sociology language communication etc.
The Wing Institute SECOND YEAR OBSERVATIONS • Roadmap provided organizing matrix to identify “gaps” in research, identified critical roles of implementation and monitoring • Exemplary work occurring in diverse fields of study and practice areas in addition to education • Serious lack of awareness, communication and collaboration across these efforts
The Wing Institute SECOND YEAR ORGANIZATIONAL RESPONSE • Development of “catalyst” model for increasing communication, collaboration and cooperation across diverse fields of study and service areas • Development of “anthology” to disseminate exemplary work from diverse fields of study and service areas
The Wing Institute THIRD YEAR FOCUS Focused research on implementation and sustainability Increased focus on Research to Practice in the Real -world in Real-time
The Wing Institute THIRD YEAR OBSERVATIONS • Implementation and monitoring are the critical components for real-world, real-time evidence-based practice • Sustainability is the “holy grail” of evidence-based education • We are really bad at it.
average life of an education innovation is 18-48 months(Latham, 1988) evidence-based and effective practices often fail due to ineffective implementation strategies (National Implementation Research Network) initial data on comprehensive school reform models initiated in 2000: 1 in 5 maintained reforms through 2002 1 in 10 maintained reforms through 2004 (American Institute for Research)
REASON FOR OPTIMISM # 1 applied behavior analysis is finally engaging in the support of an evidence-based culture within the greater community
ABA Evidence-based Education Conference September 5 - 7, 2008 at the Hyatt Regency Reston in Reston, Virginia Anthony Biglan Timothy Slocum Frances Wallace Ronnie Detrich David Tilly III Susan M. Wilczynski Robert H. Horner Janet S. Twyman Hill M. Walker Lynn Okagaki Amanda VanDerHeyden policy randomized clinical trials systems change research funding single-subject design implementation social relevance sources of evidence dissemination Contact: Janet Twyman
ABA Evidence-based Practice Special Interest Group Mission: promote socially important behavior by facilitating “research to practice” in “real-world” settings • Collaborate with policymakers regarding EBP • Collaborate with other disciplines regarding EBP • Establish a common definition of "evidence-based practice” with other organizations • Increase presence at "non-ABA" relevant conferences Contact: Teri-Lewis Palmer
Behavior Analyst Certification Program Created in 2000 Eligibility Standards Certificant Registry Recertification Standards University Course Sequences Responsible Conduct Guidelines CEU program Professional Disciplinary Standards Certification exam 6,000 certified behavior analysts 122 Universities involved 1,000 new / year 173 course sequences 280 international 27 international universities Contact: Jerry Shook
REASON FOR OPTIMISM # 2 we are starting to develop standards of evidence establish mechanisms for reviewing evidence disseminate findings to practioners and consumers
National Autism Center: National Standards Project Susan Wilczynski Organize a network of individuals and agencies — all leaders in the field of autism research and treatment — to ratify a set of national standards derived from the empirical literature. Provide a broad, informed, consensual validation of practices that will be widely disseminated to families, practitioners, organizations, and funding agencies. Summit contacts: Ronnie Detrich, Mark Shriver
The Hawaii Child and Adolescent Mental Health Division Evidence Based Services Committee PracticeWise database is a decision support tool with interpretations of over 325 studies for a wide-range of childhood disorders Evidence Based Services Committeeidentifies, disseminates, implements, and evaluates empirically supported programs Contact: Bruce Chorpita
REASON FOR OPTIMISM # 3 We are learning more and more about implementation and sustainability while engaging in research to practice activities in the real world in real time!
7,557 schools implementing PBIS across 45 states 4,442 schools using SWIS (school-wide information system) in US and Australia, Canada, Iceland, New Zealand and Norway Contact: George Sugai
The National Implementation Research Network (NIRN) Dean Fixsen & Karen Blase mission: close the gap between science and service by improving the science and practice of implementation in relation to evidence-based programs and practices research, development, dissemination, technical assistance, evaluation
The State Implementation of Scaling-up Evidence-based Practices (SISEP) Center Dean Fixsen and George Sugai SISEP is a five year Technical Assistance Center funded by OSEP. Purpose: to promote students' academic achievement and behavioral health by supporting implementation and scaling-up of evidence-based practices in education settings. SISEP will work with states and provide the critical content and foundation for establishing a technology of large-scale, sustainable, high-fidelity implementation of effective educational practices.
Window of Opportunity There is still strong support for evidence-based, outcome-driven school reform. There are models for implementation that address real-world, real-time issues. Small groups of people can make a difference.
If not us….who If not now…when
The road is long… time is short… so hurry
The 2007 Ernie Wing Award for Excellence in Evidence-based Education Martin J. Cavanaugh In recognition of his work in the development, implementation, and dissemination of Neverstreaming
The 2008 Ernie Wing Award for Excellence in Evidence-based Education George Sugai Robert Horner In recognition of their work in the development, implementation, and dissemination of Positive Behavior Supports
7,557 schools implementing PBIS across 45 states 4,442 schools using SWIS (school-wide information system) in US and Australia, Canada, Iceland, New Zealand and Norway
Evidence-based curriculum for over forty years! Original research in the 60’s Center for Comprehensive School Reform large meta-analyses Research consortium to build evidence-base for DI: randomized clinical trials. Tim Slocum
The mission of this journal is to positively influence the daily practice of school psychologists and educators through studies demonstrating successful research-based practices in educational settings. Contact Person: Mark Shriver
NEVERSTREAMING Neverstreaming became one of the of the earliest school system-wide models for early intervention, research-based curriculum, and data-guided teaching, becoming a predecessor of the nationally recognized Response to Intervention (RtI) model. Contact Person: Marty Cavanaugh
The Nebraska Department of Education, via the Nebraska Response-to Intervention (RtI) Consortium, is preparing schools to deliver RtI services by means of a state-wide implementation plan, training, evaluation and dissemination of results, and oversight of a quality implementation process. This website provides materials, information, and guidelines to support RtI implementation in the state of Nebraska. rtinebraska.unl.edu Contact Person: Mark Shriver
The Ernie Wing Award for Excellence in Evidence-based Education The award is presented to an individual for outstanding achievement in the areas of the Evidence-based Education Road Map efficacy research effectiveness research implementation monitoring