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Industrialization and Revolutions of Western Society. Chapter 23. I. Introduction. Numerous changes occurred between 1750 and 1914 Industrialization Political Revolutions This time period was fueled by the Age of Enlightenment People are good (or improvable) Rationalism vs. blind faith

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i introduction
I. Introduction
  • Numerous changes occurred between 1750 and 1914
    • Industrialization
    • Political Revolutions
  • This time period was fueled by the Age of Enlightenment
    • People are good (or improvable)
    • Rationalism vs. blind faith
    • People should be set free
i introduction1
I. Introduction
  • Industrialization
    • Brought more people to towns/cities
    • Changed focus slightly from agriculture
    • More people lived above subsistence level
      • Lower birthrates as a result of lower mortality rates
        • Pasteur
        • Improved food distribution and production
ii revolutions
II. Revolutions
  • Why was this time a time of revolutions?
  • Major Revolutions
    • French
    • American
    • Latin American
    • English
iii cultural changes
III. Cultural Changes
  • Karl Marx
    • Socialism- Solution to class inequality
      • Necessary before communism
    • Communism- everything is shared and equal
    • Revisionism- peaceful not revolutionary
iii cultural changes1
III. Cultural Changes
  • Feminism
    • Originally to improve life of women
    • Political and Social Rights
    • Became a means for breaking cultural roles
iii cultural changes2
III. Cultural Changes
  • Mass Leisure Culture
    • Focus on leisure activities
    • Middle Class
  • White Collar labor
    • Secretaries, clerks and sales people
iii cultural changes3
III. Cultural Changes
  • Abolition of Slavery
    • American Civil War
  • Einstein- Science
  • Freud- Psychology
  • Darwin- Science
iv paving the way for war
IV. Paving the Way for War
  • Europe and US became very successful
    • “Imperialism”
  • War was a fear
    • Massive build up of weapons
    • Elaborate alliances
    • Balkans Powder Keg