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Active Shooter in the Workplace. An Overview of the Hostile Intruder/ Active Shooter. Active Shooter Incidents. Where? Where we shop Where we exercise our free speech Where we learn Where we work ANYWHERE. Types of Assailants. Active Shooter:

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Active Shooter in the Workplace

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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Active Shooter in the Workplace An Overview of the Hostile Intruder/ Active Shooter

    2. Active Shooter Incidents Where? • Where we shop • Where we exercise our free speech • Where we learn • Where we work • ANYWHERE

    3. Types of Assailants Active Shooter: • A suspect or assailant whose activity is immediately causing death and serious injury • Threat is not contained and there is immediate risk of death and injury Hostile Intruder: • A suspect or assailant whose activity is threatening violence or serious injury • Different than active shooter—also warrants different response by law enforcement

    4. Active Shooter • Becoming more frequent • Anger, revenge, ideology, untreated mental illness • Unpredictable • Evolve quickly • Continues until law enforcement stops, suicide or other intervention

    5. Hostile Intruder • Different levels of aggression • May be handled internally • Escalation may require police involvement • Different police response

    6. Targeted Attack or Rampage Shooting? Targeted Attack: • Assailant is looking for a specific target(s) • Revenge • Grudge • Gives some thought to who to target and how • Examples: Ft. Hood, TX Toronto, Canada Rampage Shooting: • Random victims (shooter usually has no idea who he has hurt) • Institution or group is the target (school, community, teens, etc.) • Planning (often detailed) focused on tactics rather than targets • Examples: Columbine, Sandy Hook

    7. Targeted Attacks • Sometimes used as “umbrella” term for both school and non-school shootings • Often applies to workplace or other public shootings • Historically less likely to apply to school shootings • Still CAN and HAS happened in schools

    8. Rampage Shootings • Shooter usually trying to gain social acceptance (perceived as a serious problem) • Generally last of a series of attempts to change reputation • Failed attempts to be accepted • Not always acting out of anger—trying to change perception among peers from “zero” to “hero” by becoming notoriously famous

    9. Outside Attacker • Not as common • Likely no/minimal contact until moments before attack • No opportunity to observe warning signs • Internal prevention strategies likely useless • Other strategies may help • See Something, Say Something!

    10. Inside Attacker • Mainly current employees • May also include others who would not normally cause concern if seen on campus • Move freely around campus • Prevention strategies may be effective deterrent

    11. Inside Attacker Characteristics • Poor coping skills • Low tolerance for frustration • Narcissism • Manipulators • Negative role models • Many felt bullied by others • History of suicidal attempts, depression, or desperation • Interest in violence • No prior history of violence • Difficulty coping with losses or failures

    12. Early Warning Signs • Social withdrawal • Excessive feelings of rejection • Being a victim of violence • Feelings of being picked on or persecuted • Low school interest • Violence expressed in writings or drawings • History of discipline problems


    14. HOW TO RESPOND • Evacuate • Hide Out • Take Action

    15. Evacuate • Develop escape route • Leave belongings behind • Help others escape, if possible • Evacuate regardless of others • Warn/prevent individuals from entering

    16. Evacuate • Do not move wounded or injured • Keep hands visible • Follow police instructions • Call 911 when safe

    17. Hide • Hiding place should: • Be out of shooter’s view as much as possible • Provide protection if shots are fired • Not restrict options for movement

    18. If the shooter is nearby: • Lock the door • Hide behind a large item (desk, etc.) • Silence cell phones/pagers • Remain quiet

    19. Cover or Concealment? • Cover: • May protect a person from gunfire • Usually something solid and/or heavy • Barricade doors if possible • Concealment: • WILL NOT protect a person from gunfire • Hides from the view of the shooter • Usually easier to locate than cover

    20. Dial 911—Provide good info • Location • Number and physical description of shooters • Number and type of weapons (long, short, handgun, bombs, etc.) • Number of potential or known victims if possible

    21. Take Action • ABSOLUTE LAST RESORT • Act as aggressively as possible • Improvise weapons and throw things • Yell loudly • Commit to your actions

    22. WHAT WOULD YOU DO RIGHT NOW?? • Escape-- Where? • Hide-- Where? • How would you protect yourself?

    23. Law Enforcement Response • One immediate purpose—STOP THE SHOOTER • Proceed to the area where shooting is occurring or last known shots • First priority is to eliminate the threat • First on scene will not assist the injured—must secure the scene first • Multiple jurisdictions responding is likely • Helmets, bulletproof vests, tactical gear • Rifles, shotguns, handguns • Shouting voice commands (COMPLY) • May push people to the ground

    24. Planning Strategies • Establish proper mindset: IT CAN HAPPEN HERE! • Educate staff about workplace violence • Establish a good Emergency Plan • Drill and exercise the plan

    25. Plan Development • Planning should involve: • Human Resources • Training Department • Managers • Public Information Officer • Local first responders

    26. Plan Development • Plan should include: • Preferred method for reporting different emergencies • Evacuation policy and procedures • Contact information for critical personnel • Local hospital information • Distribution list

    27. Emergency Plan • Should be NIMS compliant • Outline clear communications • Use clear, plain English • Eliminate code words and any other potentially confusing terminology • Establish and identify responsibilities and authorities

    28. Emergency Plan • Establish and make clear trigger for plan activation • Disseminate plan to all stakeholders (inside and outside) • Develop plan which integrates with community partners • Practice, Evaluate, Adjust, Maintain

    29. TRAINING • Evacuation drills • Hiding out • New employee orientation • Annual training • Tabletop and/or functional exercises (include first responders) • Adopting a survival mindset

    30. Plan should meet the needs of employees: • Disability (hearing, sight, etc.) • Mobility • Limited or no English

    31. Individual Basics • Realize that it can happen to me • Plan ahead • Do I know shelter in place procedures? • Do I know lockdown procedures? • Do I know evacuation procedures? • To whom do I report suspicious activity?

    32. Manager Responsibilities • Institute access controls • Distribute critical items • Assemble crisis kits • Activate emergency notification systems • Ensure two evacuation routes • Coordinate with security department

    33. Manager Responsibilities • Post evacuation routes and muster points • Place floor plans near entrances and exits • Include local law enforcement and first responders in training • Encourage active shooter training • Foster a respectful workplace • Be aware of workplace violence indicators

    34. QUESTIONS?