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2003 U.S. Census data studies . 77 million people with disability 10.7 million with sensory disabilities 23.5 million with some form of physical disability . Physical Impairments. Mobility Improvements. 1st Wheelchairs China 5th century Innovations Competitive advantage.

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2003 U.S. Census data studies

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2003 u s census data studies
2003 U.S. Census data studies
  • 77 million people with disability
  • 10.7 million with sensory disabilities
  • 23.5 million with some form of physical disability
mobility improvements
Mobility Improvements
  • 1st Wheelchairs

China 5th century

  • Innovations

Competitive advantage

The Phantom from Drive Medical is a good travel scooter that features a 15-mile battery range per charge.

service industries
Service Industries
  • Facilities for disabled persons include:

Audio/visual smoke detectors

Connecting rooms available

Braille symbols in elevators

Restaurant/room service menus in Braille

Bathtub benches and grab rails

Roll-in showers (upon request)

Wheelchair accessible: doors, sink/vanity and towel racks, climate controls, peepholes, closet poles, and health club

ibm products and research technologies
IBM products and research technologies
  • aDesigner
  • IBM CaptionMeNow
  • EasyWeb Browsing
  • ViaScribe
  • WebAdapt2Me
timeline braille
  • 1786: The first book for blind people was produced using embossed letters of the Roman alphabet
  • 1826: Adapts Charles Barbier de la Serre's 12-dot system into a six-dot system
  • 1842: The bible is produced for the first time using embossed letters
  • 1912: Rotary presses begin to produce sheets with double-sided Braille
  • 1957: The American Printing House for the Blind began research with IBM into using computers to translate print into Braille and drive a plate embossing device (PED)
  • 1964: The computer system becomes fully operational
  • Late 1990s: XML based technology takes over as the main translation device from text to Braille
application to assist
Application… To Assist !
  • Phone – command and control of phone features, voice-activated dialing (VAD), personal name dialing, information portals, speech-enabled IVR, auto-attendants
  • Computers - command and control of computer functions: Internet access, screen reading, email, business and personal productivity software (National Electronics & ComputerTechnology Center)
  • Dictation – document creation and editing, form filling, email Note takers
  • Home Automated Living – command and control of environmental controls and appliances
  • Entertainment and Education – e-learning, books, movies, games
  • Training – speech therapy, cognitive training
  • Spoken interface option into OS X
  • Zoom
  • Scalable Cursor
  • Talking alerts and spoken items
  • Display Adjustment

readers for Windows can run up to $1,000

nokia 6682rvi
Nokia 6682RVI
  • "talking cellphone"
    • converting menus, instructions and content displayed on the screen into audio output through its internal speaker, or an optional wired or Bluetooth headset
  • Selling price: $500 if without any terms but 3-year term: low as $199.99

Internet Helps

  • WWW consortium built the html code standard to provide Internet accessibility for Blind and Deaf
  • Company that provide this feature and costs are: Microsoft (Free)and http://www.msprojectstart.org/blind%20software.htm
hearing impairment facts
Hearing Impairment Facts
  • Hearing loss is more prevalent than diabetes, all pediatric cancers, and numerous other medical conditions.
  • Hearing devices evolution:
  • In 1902, the first practical electrical hearing aid was made by Miller Reese Hutchinson

Hearing Trumpet

hearing impaired market
Hearing Impaired Market
  • Market consists of 16-20 million
  • 14.4 million admit they have a hearing problem
  • 3.9 million own a hearing aid
hearing impairment today
Hearing Impairment Today
  • Hearing aids are the current and most used technology.
  • Benefits- Improved communication skills(up to certain level)

- Standard of life increase

- Much cheaper than newer technologies.

hearing impairment today continued
Hearing Impairment Today Continued
  • Disadvantages of hearing aid:
    • a lot of static noise
    • distortion
    • Unwanted interference
    • Ugly
  • Solution- Turn off when needed!
cost of hearing aids
Cost of hearing aids
  • Several industrialized countries supply free or heavily-discounted hearing aids through their publicly funded health care system.
  • Australia
  • The Australian Department of Health and Ageing provides eligible Australian citizens and residents with a basic hearing aid free-of-charge, though recipients can pay a "top up" charge if they wish to upgrade to a hearing aid with more or better features. Maintenance of these hearing aids and a regular supply of batteries is also provided, on payment of a small annual maintenance fee.
  • Canada
  • In Canada, health care is a responsibility of the provinces. In the province of Ontario, the price of hearing aids is partially reimbursed through the Assistive Devices Program of the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, up to $500 for each hearing aid, every three years. Audiological appointments are covered through the provincial public health plan, provided they are conducted under the supervision of ear, nose and throat doctors, usually in hospital settings. Private sector hearing aid clinics also exist and the hearing aids are covered to the same extent as with the non-profit and hospital providers. A popular choice for buying hearing aids in Ontario is the Canadian Hearing Society, a non-profit organization located in cities and towns across the province.
cost of hearing aids20
Cost of hearing aids
  • US
  • Most private US health care providers do not provide coverage for hearing aids, so all costs are usually borne by the recipient. Such costs can vary between $500 to $5,000. Though if an adult has a hearing loss which substantially limits major life activities, some state-run vocational programs can provide upwards of full financial assistance. Severe and profound hearing loss often falls within the "substantially limiting" category. The cost of hearing aids are a tax deductible medical expense.
  • Iceland
  • Social Insurance pays a onetime fee of ISK 30.000 for any kind of hearing aid, however the rules are complicated and requires that both ears have a significant hearing loss in order to qualify for reimbursement. BTE hearing aids range from ISK 60.000 ISK to 300.000 ISK.
  • UK
  • Within the UK, the NHS provides BTE hearing aids to NHS patients, on long-term loan, free of charge. Though BTEs are often the only style available, and private purchases are usually necessary if a recipient desires a different style. Private purchases can cost between £600 to £3,500.
new technology
New technology
  • Nokia loop set-for cellular age!

Nokia LPS-4 Accessibility Loopset

Retail Price: $124.95Save on each: $30.00Your Price: $94.95

the future for the hearing impaired
The future for the hearing impaired
  • Newest Technology!

-Cochlear Implants

-The future of a Deaf Free Society

Bypasses damaged ear drums and canals and integrates with the nerve system.


disadvantage of new technology
Disadvantage of New Technology
  • Still needs perfection
  • Does not benefit every type of hearing impairment.
  • “In the United States, medical costs run from USD$45,000 to $105,000; this includes evaluation, the surgery itself, hardware (device), hospitalization and rehabilitation. Some or all of this may be covered by health insurance. In the United Kingdom, the NHS covers cochlear implants in full, as does Medicare in Australia.”


  • Technology has benefited people with different impairments across the board.
  • The future for both business opportunities in the Health Care Industry and the challenged person’s life seems bright.
  • Technology is paving the way for these businesses and patients.