Rise and Fall of the Zhou • The Shang lost power because they were corrupt • According to the Zhou • The Right to Rule • The Zhou claimed the Mandate of Heaven gave them the right to rule • If heaven supported your rule you would remain in power or come into power • Victory proved that heaven supported your right to rule • If you ruled correctly you stayed in power • Therefore the ruler was called the Son of Heaven • An uprising or natural disaster was seen as a sign that the ruler was not governing correctly.
Rise and Fall of the Zhou • Governing the Zhou • The Zhou expanded their empire through conquest • Reached all the way to the Chang River • The empire now included many different cultures • Noble joined with nomadic invaders to fight against the Zhou • Although the Zhou survived their power was weakened • Smaller land owners – warlords started fighting with in the kingdom
Rise and Fall of the Zhou • The Warring States • The Warring States Period was a time of chaos • A few larger states developed • These larger states had very little loyalty to the Zhou • Eventually a new dynasty would emerge (Qin)
Zhou Society • Much of Zhou culture was similar to the Shang • No more human sacrifices or oracle bones • Structure of Society • The Zhou gave more power to the local rulers • Each state had walled cities and capitals • Lesser nobles then had to support their king with armies • Most people were peasants • There were a few merchants and artisans • As well as a few slaves
Zhou Society • Family relationships • Family was highly valued • Older family members had more rights and privileges • Men had more power than women • Economy and Technology • Invention of the crossbow (easier to learn) • Learning to work with iron (stronger than bronze) • Iron also used to make tools • Built roads • 1st use of coins
Zhou Society • Cultural Life • The Zhou Dynasty was also a time of creativity • The Warring States Period increased knowledge, art, poetry • Led to the 100 Schools Period