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Bryan Kortis, Executive Director firstname.lastname@example.org 212-662-5761 www.neighborhoodcats.org. Trap-Neuter-Return An Introduction. What is “TNR”?. Feral cat management method involving: T rap members of a colony N euter (plus rabies vaccination & eartipping)
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Feral cat management method involving:
of a colony
4. Long-term caretaking/monitoring
Feral and stray cats tend to live in groups centered around a common food source.
13 million in winter, 24 million in summer(Clifton, M., Where cats belong – and where they don’t, ANIMAL PEOPLE [June 2003] .)
50 million (Levy, J., Humane strategies for controlling feral cat populations , Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol. 225, No. 9. )
60 to 100 million (Alley Cat Allies, Tracking Our Success .)
Feral cats = 2% sterilization rate
Levy, J., Humane strategies for controlling feral cat populations (2004), Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Assn., Vol. 225, No. 9.
Alabama beach mouse
a) migration from other colonies to take advantage of available food source
b) reproduction and increased survival rate of untrapped cats (due to more available food)
reproduction (no more kittens!)
number of cats in the environment
University of Central Florida
- 155 cats on campus in 1991
- 23 cats in 2002 (85% )
Levy, et.al. (2003a), Evaluation of the effect of a long-term trap-neuter-return and adoption program on a free-roaming cat population, Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association222: 42-46.
Reece, J.F., S.K. Chawla (2006), Control of rabies in Jaipur, India, by the sterilization and vaccination of neighbourhood dogs, The Veterinary Record, 159: 379-383.
Nov. 1994 thru Dec. 2002, in target area:
- 300 cats on riverfront in 1991
- 1st year: trapped 200, adopted out 100, returned 100
- 100% sterilization in 1998
- 1 cat left today (35 feeders!)
- opened local shelter and spay/neuter clinic to address sources of ferals
(self-reporting by caretakers)
- 458 colonies with at least 1 TNR’ed cat
- 6141 cats reported at TNR Start Dates
- 4613 cats currently (25% )
- Average s/n rate = 67%
- 3183 cats & kittens placed for adoption (6.9 cats per colony)
3. “The Neighborhood Cats TNR Handbook: A Guide to Trap-Neuter-Return for the Feral Cat Caretaker” (pdf file)– manual authored by Neighborhood Cats
4. “Implementing a Community Trap-Neuter-Return Program” (pdf file) – manual authored by Bryan Kortis
Trap-Neuter-Return: How to Manage Feral Cats (Humane Society University)
- authored by Bryan Kortis
- comprehensive colony care training, including trapping, feeding, shelter, community relations and more