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WHAT CAN I DO WITH A MAJOR IN... CRIMINOLOGY & CRIMINAL JUSTICE. www.sc.edu/career. crim·i·nol·o·gy . The scientific study of crime as a social phenomenon, of criminals, and of penal treatment *

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crim i nol o gy
crim·i·nol·o·gy

The scientific study of crime as a social phenomenon, of criminals, and of penal treatment *

*"criminology." Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary. Merriam-Webster, Inc. 24 Jul. 2009. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/criminology>.

Last updated 3/2011 by A. Bervine

crim i nal jus tice
crim·i·nal jus·tice

The system of law enforcement, the bar, the judiciary, corrections, and probation that is directly involved in the apprehension, prosecution, defense, sentencing, incarceration, and supervision of those suspected of or charged with criminal offenses.*

*"criminal justice." The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. 24 Jul. 2009. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/criminal justice>.

.

criminology majors develop skills in
Criminology Majors Develop Skills In
  • Critical analysis
  • Oral and written communication
  • Research and scientific methodology
  • Interpersonal relations
  • Problem solving & conflict resolution
  • Working cooperatively with others
  • Interviewing skills
  • The considerations of gender and race
  • Understanding the nature of crimes and societies’ reaction to crimes
  • Identifying and analyzing social problems and developing solutions
  • Understanding criminal law, criminal justice systems and legal structures
  • Ethics and moral values
employment settings
Employment Settings

Students who graduate with a bachelor’s degree in criminology largely specialize and work in the following areas:

  • Federal, state or municipal law enforcement and public safety
  • The court system
  • Corrections and juvenile justice
  • Forensic science and criminalistics
  • Private security
  • Public service and non-profits
sample occupational titles associated with law enforcement public safety federal
Sample Occupational Titles Associated With Law Enforcement & Public Safety (Federal)
  • Border Patrol Agent
  • Capitol Police
  • Federal Corrections Officer
  • Federal Parole Officer
  • Federal Protection Officer
  • Postal Inspector
  • DEA Special Agent
  • Military Police
  • Deputy US Marshal
  • IRS Agent
  • Customs Inspector
  • Immigration Inspector
  • FBI Agent
  • Secret Service Agent
  • US Park Ranger
  • ATF Special Agent
  • Securities Compliance Examiner
sample occupational titles associated with law enforcement public safety state municipal
Sample Occupational Titles Associated With Law Enforcement & Public Safety (State & Municipal)
  • Police Officer (foot car, horse, motorcycle, air, bicycle, K-9 or SWAT patrol)
  • Detective (homicide, sex crimes, domestic violence, vice squad, narcotics, gang activities, fraud/forgery, burglary/theft, internal affairs, cybercrime)
  • Sheriff / Deputy Sheriff
  • State Trooper
  • Highway Patrol Officer
  • Park Police
  • Conservation / Wildlife Officer
  • University Police Officer
  • College Public Safety
  • Fire Marshall
  • County & Regional Commissioner
sample occupational titles associated with corrections juvenile justice
Sample Occupational Titles Associated With Corrections & Juvenile Justice
  • Corrections Officer (state or federal)
  • Parole / Probation Officer
  • Juvenile Counselor
  • Home and School Officer (Truant Officer)
  • Pre-release / Halfway House Manager
  • Correctional Facilities Specialists
  • Corrections Specialist / Caseworker (drug treatment specialist, HIV counselor, recreation coordinator, education specialist, vocational counselor)
  • Prison Warden
  • Inmate Records Coordinator
  • Ombudsman
sample occupational titles associated with the court system
Sample Occupational Titles Associated With The Court System
  • Court Reporter (short-hand reporter)
  • Court Clerk
  • Court Administrator
  • Court Representative
  • Bailiff (Court Officer)
  • Site Supervisor
  • Release-on-Own- Recognizance Interviewer
  • Court Liaison Counselor
  • Victim’s Advocate
  • Domestic Violence Counselor
  • Paralegal
  • Legal Researcher / Statistician
  • Lawyer (criminal prosecutor, defense attorney, district attorney)
  • Judge
sample occupational titles associated with forensic science criminalistics
Sample Occupational Titles Associated With Forensic Science & Criminalistics
  • Coroner
  • Medical Examiner
  • Pathologist
  • Crime Scene Investigator
  • Forensic Anthropologist (skeletal), Odontologist(dental), or Entomologist (insects)
  • Criminal Profiler
  • Criminalist (biochemical or chemical analysts, DNA identification analysts, fingerprint technicians, firearm and toolmark identification specialists, microanalysts, imprint evidence analysts, questioned document evidence specialists, forensic computer specialists, toxicology experts, polygraph specialist)
sample occupational titles associated with private security
Sample Occupational Titles Associated With Private Security
  • Security Officer (Commercial, Institutional Retail, Industrial, Transportation)
  • Loss Prevention Specialist
  • Mail Officer / Detective
  • Campus Security Officer
  • Public Sector Security Officer (ie. a state govt. agency, a non-profit) Security Manager
  • Consultant
  • Private Investigators (Legal, Financial, Corporate, Marital Infidelity, Background, Harassment)
  • Electronic/ Cyber Security
  • Bounty Hunter
  • Bodyguard
  • Security Representative with an Alarm Systems Company
sample occupational titles associated with public service non profits
Sample Occupational Titles Associated With Public Service & Non-profits

Non-Profits & Social Service

  • Think Tank / Research Institute Policy Analyst
  • Fundraiser
  • Non-Profit Agency Program Director
  • Group Home Director
  • After School Program Coordinator

Education

  • Student Affairs Specialist (Greek Life, Housing, Alcohol or Sexual Health Education)
  • College Professor
  • Guidance Counselor

State Government / Politics

  • Lobbyist / Politician
  • Campaign Manager
  • Labor, Licensing and Regulation Specialist
  • Dept. of Natural Resources Agent
  • Social / Case Worker
  • Disaster / Emergency Response Coordinator
distribution of employed persons with a bachelor s degree in criminology by sector
Distribution Of Employed Persons With A Bachelor’s Degree In Criminology, By Sector

Source: Fogg, N.P, Harrington, P.E. & Harrington, T.F, (2004). College Majors Handbook (2nd ed). Indianapolis, IN: Jist Publishing.

top 10 occupations that employ persons with only a bachelor s degree in criminology
TOP 10 Occupations That Employ Persons With Only A Bachelor’s Degree In Criminology
  • Protective-service occupations
  • Top- and mid-level managers, executives
  • Social Workers
  • Other management-related occupations
  • Other administrative occupations (record clerks)
  • Other service occupations (except health)
  • Sales occupations (including retail)
  • Insurance, securities, real estate, business services
  • Other marketing and sales occupations
  • Personnel, training and labor relations specialists

Source: Fogg, N.P, Harrington, P.E. & Harrington, T.F, (2004). College Majors Handbook (2nd ed). Indianapolis, IN: Jist Publishing.

strategies for developing skills to get the job you want
Strategies For Developing Skills To Get The Job You Want
  • Pursue an excellent academic record
  • Obtain part-time, summer, or internship work experience
  • Volunteer with service and counseling organizations
  • Become fluent in a foreign language
  • Obtain a minor in a related area (eg. Sociology, biology, psychology, women’s studies)
  • Obtain an advanced degree and/or certification
  • Develop strong writing and speaking skills
strategies for developing skills to get the job you want1
Strategies For Developing Skills To Get The Job You Want
  • Develop strong quantitative and statistical skills
  • Become comfortable working with people from different backgrounds and cultures
  • Take courses focusing on inequality and families
  • Become active in peer mediation groups if available
  • Secure leadership positions in campus or community groups
  • Acquire survey and evaluation skills
books and web resources
Books And Web Resources

Books

Careers in Criminal Justice and Related Fields: From Internship to Promotion by J. Scott Harr and Karen M. Hess

Great Jobs for Criminal Justice Majors by Stephen Lambert and Debra Regan

Federal Jobs in Law Enforcement by Jack Warner and Beverly Sweatman

Web Resources

American Society of Criminology http://www.asc41.com/

American Academy of Forensic Sciences http://www.aafs.org/

National Criminal Justice Reference Service http://www.ncjrs.gov/

resources for more information
Resources for more information

Department of Criminology & Criminal Justice

www.cas.sc.edu/crju/

Career Center Library

http://www.sc.edu/career/Library/library.html

Criminal Justice Related Websites www.sc.edu/career/la/cj.html

CAS Career Development Website

www.sc.edu/career/cascdp/index.html

career center contact information
Career center contact information

University of South Carolina Career Center

6th Floor, H. William Close Building (BA Building)

Columbia, SC 29208

Phone: (803) 777-7280

On-call counseling without an appointment:

M - F, 1:00 am - 4:00 pm

(Summer and holiday hours may differ, please check the website at www.sc/edu/career)