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Chapter 20. THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLTUION AND ITS IMPACT ON EUROPEAN SOCIETY. The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain. Origins of the Industrial Revolution Technological Changes and New Forms of Industrial Organization The Cotton Industry The Steam Engine The Iron Industry

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chapter 20

Chapter 20

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLTUION AND ITS IMPACT ON EUROPEAN SOCIETY

the industrial revolution in great britain
The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain

Origins of the Industrial Revolution

Technological Changes and New Forms of Industrial Organization

The Cotton Industry

The Steam Engine

The Iron Industry

A Revolution in Transportation

The Industrial Factory

The Great Exhibition: Britain in 1851

the spread of industrialization
The Spread of Industrialization

Industrialization on the Continent

Centers of Continental Industrialization

The Industrial Revolution in the United States

Limiting the Spread of Industrialization

The Example of India

the social impact of the industrial revolution
The Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution

Population Growth

The Great Hunger

The Growth of Cities

Urban Living Conditions in the Early Industrial Era

Urban Reformers

New Social Classes: The Industrial Middle Class

New Social Classes: Workers in the Industrial Age

Working Conditions for the Industrial Working Class

Efforts at Change: The Workers

Luddites

Chartism

Efforts at Change: Reformers and Government

chapter 23

Chapter 23.

MASS SOCIETY

IN AN “AGE OF PROGRESS,”

1871-1894

the growth of industrial prosperity
The Growth of Industrial Prosperity

New Products

New Markets

New Patterns in an Industrial Economy

The Spread of Industrialization

A World Economy

Women and Work: New Job Opportunities

Organizing the Working Classes

Socialist Parties

Evolutionary Socialism

Trade Unions

the emergence of mass society
The Emergence of Mass Society

Population Growth

Emigration

Transformation of the Urban Environment

Improving Living Conditions

Housing Needs

The Social Structure of a Mass Society

The Upper Classes

The Middle Classes

The Lower Classes

The “Woman Question”: The Role of Women

The Middle-Class Family

The Working-Class Family

Education in the Mass Society

Universal Elementary Education

Female Teachers

Literacy and the Mass Newspaper

Mass Leisure

the national state
The National State

Western Europe: The Growth of Political Democracy

Reform in Britain

The Third Republic in France

Italy

Central and Eastern Europe: Persistence of the Old Order

Germany

Austria-Hungary

Russia

slide9

De Mediados del Siglo XIX

a Principios de 1920

Industrialización e Imperialismo

Hegemonía británica y la confrontación de intereses imperialistas

en Asia, África y Oceanía

slide11

Colonialismo

Es el proceso mediante el cual la soberanía de un territorio o una nación, es asumida por otro Estado o gobierno.

La potencia promueve la implantación de colonos de su propia nación en el territorio conquistado; impone su autoridad, toma las decisiones políticas y da lugar a cambios en las políticas económicas y sociales.

slide13
Va a diferir económica y políticamente del colonialismo de épocas anteriores, pues las potencias europeas van a penetrar ahora más profundamente en los países dependientes: invierten capital, organizan minas, fábricas y ferrocarriles.

Buscaba obtener materias primas y mercados para las mercaderías industriales, oportunidades para las empresas de los países imperialistas y, en muchos casos, la posibilidad de migración de una de la población del Estado imperial hacia la colonia.

Imperialismo

slide14

Causas del Imperialismo

  • El Contexto Mundial
  • El Surgimiento de los Estados Nacionales
  • Motivos Económicos
  • Motivos Religiosos
  • Darwinismo Social y Racismo
  • Afán de Exploración
slide15
Imperialismo

Del Siglo XIX

Y XX

  • Imperios Mayores
  • Imperio Británico
  • Frances
  • Ruso
  • Imperios Menores
  • Alemania
  • Italia
  • Holanda
  • Bélgica
  • Portugal
  • España
  • Nuevos Imperios
  • Estados Unidos de America
  • Japón
slide17

Conferencia de Berlín

La Repartición de Africa