The John Adams Presidency. 1797-1801. John Adams 2 nd President. Without George Washington Political Parties Exploded. Federalists and Democratic Republicans are note talking with each other Election between Thomas Jefferson—leading Democratic Republican; John Adams; and Thomas Pickney
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Europe’s state early 1800’s
The French Insult of US Diplomats
--War was expected between France & US due to X,Y, Z affair.
--Alien and Sedition Acts were passed to keep refugees from both sides of the French Revolution who came to America from having an influence on the American government.
--Strong anti-French sentiment in US at the time
1. Citizenship wait time changed from 5 to 14 years
2. All Foreigners must register with the Government
3. The President can jail/ expel anyone who threatens the safety of the US
US Sedition Act:
Results of Alien and Sedition Act:
Democratic-Republicans believe that the Alien and Sedition Acts violate the First Amendment and were an invasion of states' rights.
1. The Constitution was a compact
between sovereign states.
2. Each state had "an equal right to judge
for itself" when the Constitution had
3. IMPORTANT: A state can declare a law
of Congress unconstitutional.