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ECR Barcode Sub-Committee. Tom McAllister Senior Manager, Graphics , Promotions & Packaging Quaker Oats Company of Canada Co-Chair ECR Barcode Sub-Committee. Universal Product Code. Shipping Container Code 14 in Interleaved 2 of 5. Shipping Container Code 14 in UCC/EAN-128.

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slide1

ECR Barcode

Sub-Committee

Tom McAllister

Senior Manager, Graphics , Promotions & Packaging

Quaker Oats Company of Canada

Co-Chair ECR Barcode Sub-Committee

slide2

Universal

Product Code

Shipping Container

Code 14 in

Interleaved 2 of 5

Shipping Container

Code 14 in

UCC/EAN-128

Serialized Shipping

Container Code

18 in UCC/EAN-128

ecr sub committees
ECR Sub-committees

Mandated to address Barcode Issues

slide5

Issues Resolved

  • SCC-14 (Shipping Container Code) Implementation
  • Timeline
  • 76% U.P.C. resolution
  • U.P.C. Compliance Timelines and Certification
  • Process
  • Industry Recommendations for the Barcoding for
  • Floor Ready Display Pallets.
  • Broad Industry Representation.
  • Interim Compliance Certification Process.
          • And More…..
slide6

Other Accomplishments

  • Education Sub-Group Formed.
  • Coast to Coast Communication/Education Seminar
  • Series.
  • Uniform Code Council Linkage and with Europe.
  • Position Paper on EAN 13/U.P.C 12 Digit Codes.
  • Resolution of U.P.C./SCC-14 Codes on Resale Cases.
slide7

ECR Barcode Successes

  • 50% rise in first Pass Scan Rate resulting in tens of millions of dollars of savings.
slide8

SCC-14

  • Defined deadline and implementation
  • momentum of SCC-14 moving
  • toward critical mass.
slide9

Benefits of SCC-14

  • Simplifying Case Identification
  • Better Inventory Control
  • Significant Error Reduction
  • Speeds up Receiving Process
  • Simplifies Database Management
slide10

What's Coming Next to a Store Near You!!!

  • SSCC-18 Pallet License Plates
  • Agreement of Understanding to Listing-Fee Issue.
    • What’s New/What’s Admin/What’s Switch
  • Policy on DSD Codes
  • Variable Weight Code Guidelines
  • Produce Barcode Guidelines
  • Returnable Container Policy and Guidelines
  • SCC-14 Compliance Process
standards for shipping container codes

Standards for Shipping Container Codes

Ratna Jani

Director, Industry Relations

Electronic Commerce Council of Canada

the learnings
The Learnings
  • About ECCC
  • Industry Implementation timetable
  • Standards Issues & compliance
  • Number structures & Packaging Indicators
  • Obtaining Resources
electronic commerce council mission statement
Electronic Commerce Council Mission Statement

The Mission of ECCC is to take a Leadership Role in Establishing and Promoting Multi-Industry Standards for Product Identification and related Electronic Commerce Communications

other industry timelines for suppliers
Other Industry timelines for suppliers
  • GROCERY INDUSTRY
  • SCC-14 on Cartons September 1998
  • Pallet license plate To be established

FOODSERVICE INDUSTRY

Assignment of U.P.C./SCC-14 numbers October 1998

Apply scannable barcodes on cases October 1999

ECRx TIMELINES

Will be announced shortly for OTC, Cosmetics and Pharmaceutical products

objective of the strategies are to build partnerships
Objective of the Strategies areto build partnerships
  • Having the right product
  • At the right time
  • At the best possible price

Result is improved trading

partner relationship

business concepts built on
Business concepts built on
  • Movement of product, information and funds through the supply chain:

rapidly, accurately, efficiently

information

product

u p c standards are globally compatible and harmonized
U.P.C. standards are globally compatible and harmonized
  • Uniform Code Council (UCC) and International Article Numbering Association (EAN) establish the standards jointly
  • Canada adopts the established standards
  • The standards are endorsed by ISO and IEC
standards vs guidelines
Standards vs Guidelines
  • Standards are established by the American National Standards in the U.S. and adopted by the UCC and ECCC
  • Standards undergo a six year review process and cannot be changed.
  • Guidelines are established based on the business needs and within the confines of the standards.
inconsistencies identified in standards application
Inconsistencies identified in standards application
  • Lack of understanding the standards
  • Ignorance to compliance factors
  • Poor quality compliance
  • Technology unable to meet the symbol quality demands
  • Internal resources lacked expertise
  • Lack of information integrity
  • Data unusable to monitor industry performance
slide20

14 Digit Global Structure & Data base alignment

14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

C

N3

N4

N5

N6

N7

N8

N9

N10

N11

N12

U.P.C.

0

0

N2

N2

N3

N4

N5

N11

N12

C

0

N1

N6

N7

N8

N9

N10

EAN-13

N9

N11

N12

C

PI

N1

N2

N3

N4

N5

N6

N7

N8

N10

SCC-14

global migration to an expanded number structure
Global migration to an expanded number structure
  • Need identified to increase number capacity to fulfill rate of growth
  • New industry sectors coming on board
  • Unlimited use of application:
    • Returnable asset number
    • Individual asset number
    • Location number
    • Service relation number
ecr committee set mandate timelines
ECR Committee set mandate & timelines
  • ECR Steering committee endorsed September 1998 for case barcoding
  • CCGD Survey shows across Canada by1998/1999:
    • 47 grocery 14 produce
    • 18 frozen 10 meat

Warehouses will be ready to scan

cases

there are two types of shipping cases
There are two types of shipping cases
  • A STANDARD CASE CONTAINS LIKE UNITS

(SCC-14)

Units share the same attributes; product

description, size weight and price

variable case
Variable case
  • A VARIABLE CASE CONTAINS AN ASSORTMENT OF UNITS (SSCC-18)

Attributes vary from unit to unit

scc 14 is created from the item
SCC-14 is created from the item

ITEM

U.P.C.

012345 67890

C

P 0

012345 67890

C

SCC-14

CHECK

DIGIT

PACKAGING

INDICATOR

FILLER

ZERO

ITEM

#

SUPPLIER

ID. #

packaging indicator pi rules for scc 14
PACKAGING INDICATOR (PI) RULES FOR SCC-14

APPLY PI:

0 Where shipping container holds one consumer product or

Shipping container holds multiple U.P.C’s

1 Only one shipping container size

For the first level of case configurations

2-8 For additional case configurations

9 Where additional information on variable

weight or quantity follows

there are two approaches to applying packing indicator rules
There are two approaches to applying packing indicator rules

Item Packed in different case sizes

  • ITEM 0 67123 55555 CD
  • CASE OF 8 0 00 67123 55556 CD
  • CASE OF 15 0 00 67123 55557 CD
  • CASE OF 24 0 00 67123 55558 CD
item packed in inner packs intermediate packs and shippers
Item packed in inner packs, intermediate packs and shippers

ITEM 0 67123 55555 CD

INNERPACK 1 00 67123 55555 CD

(ITEM X 12)

INTERMEDIATE PACK 2 00 67123 55555 CD

(2 x INNERPACKS)

MASTERPACK 3 00 67123 55555 CD

(4 X INTERMEDIATE PACK)

scc 14 can be represented in two symbologies
SCC-14 can be represented in two symbologies
  • INTERLEAVED 2 OF 5 ( ITF or, I 2 OF 5)
  • UCC/EAN - 128
nominal size of scc 14 in i 2 of 5
NOMINAL SIZE OF SCC-14 IN I 2 OF 5

6.0”

1.25”*

* 1.25” = Bar height excluding bear bars

Minimum allowable size 70% for direct print

62.5% for labels

scc 14 printed in ucc ean 128
SCC-14 PRINTED IN UCC/EAN-128

AI (01)

=SCC-14

ENCODED NUMBER

cases sold at point of sale should be marked with a u p c symbol
Cases sold at point of sale should be marked with a U.P.C. symbol

ITEM U.P.C = 0 55000 00001 C

X 12

CASE U.P.C. =

0 55000 00002 C

numbering the hierarchical levels for pos scanning shipping
Numbering the hierarchical levels For POS Scanning & shipping

For POS & Shipping

  • Item 0-55000-00001-CD
  • 12 pack 0-55000-00002-CD
  • 24 pack case 0-55000-00003-CD

For Shipping only

  • 48 pack case 100-55000-00003*-CD

* Item number built into the SCC-14 should be for the pack size most frequently shipped and largest volume sold.

specifications for case markings
Specifications for Case markings
  • Cases sold at Point-of-sale require a 12 digit U.P.C code:
    • the Case item number will be different from the unit item number
    • the U.P.C. code should be printed at a 160% - 200% magnification factor
    • the U.P.C. code should have bearer bars
    • the U.P.C. code should be placed in the same location as a Shipping container code
scanning systems at d c can scan all symbologies
Scanning Systems at D.C. can scan all symbologies

InformationSystems

UPC Code

Weight

Date

etc.

UCC Case Code or

UPC/EAN 128 (SCC-14)

UPC/EAN 128 Serial Shipping Container Code (SSCC-18)

UPC/EAN 128

w/ AI’s

implications
Implications
  • Scanning Systems at the distribution level can read all symbologies ~
    • U.P.C., Interleaved 2 of 5, UCC-EAN/128
  • Scanning systems at POS can read U.P.C. only
    • Having both symbologies on the case will

confuse the scanner at POS

scc 14 is created from the item38
SCC-14 is created from the item

ITEM

U.P.C.

012345 67890

C

P 0

012345 67890

C

SCC-14

CHECK

DIGIT

PACKAGING

INDICATOR

FILLER

ZERO

ITEM

#

SUPPLIER

ID. #

location specifications for case markings
Location Specifications for case markings

Symbol Location:

  • Symbol must be placed on any side panel
  • One symbol is sufficient
symbol location

0.75”

1.25”

1.25”

SYMBOL LOCATION

(NOT TO SCALE)

ansi specifications for case marking
ANSI Specifications for case marking

Minimum allowable grades are:

  • Symbols printed using contact based process requires an ANSI D grade
  • Symbols printed with non contact process must meet an ANSI C grade
  • Validation on shipping cases will be conducted at Distribution centers
  • Recommend internal verification of symbols
size specifications for case marking
Size Specifications for case marking
  • Minimum allowable size when printing using non-contact process or on labels is 62.5%
  • Minimum allowable size when printing directly onto corrugate is 70%
ecr requirements next steps
ECR requirements - next steps
  • Target to achieve a 99% scan accuracy at distribution facility
  • To ensure compliance to Standards audit procedures will be established
      • 3rd party validation companies
  • Measure Industry Performance
      • Data will be gathered and compiled to ensure quality compliance and set performance targets
developing validation procedures
Developing validation procedures

Objective:

  • To establish an industry endorsed validation process to evaluate and monitor the accuracy of symbol quality on cases.
developing validation procedures46
Developing validation procedures

Purpose:

  • to raise the awareness for quality compliance
  • to encourage suppliers to comply with the dates for SCC-14 implementation
  • to introduce a comprehensive audit process
  • to monitor:
    • industry progression
    • quality performance
developing validation procedures47
Developing validation procedures

Issues & concerns

  • Mix of print technologies:
    • online, pre-printed, print on demand
  • Wear and tear associated during package handling leading to symbol degradation at DC
  • Number of codes on the cases
slide48
Non-technical manual

Barcoding Basics for Shipping Containers

Technical Manual

Application Standards for shipping Containers

electronic commerce user knowledge network
Electronic Commerce UserKnowledge Network

Provide accessibility through website to:

  • EDI and Product ID Standards
  • Implementation Guidelines
  • Participate in User Committees
  • Education Programs
  • Industry Supply Chain Updates
  • UCC/EAN Activities

Web site address: www.eccc.org

eccc continues to service all industries
ECCC continues to service all Industries
  • Offering interactive workshops

in-house

  • Providing consultation on site to companies
  • Publish newsletters
  • Information on latest trends contained on web site
eccc can be reached at
ECCC Can be reached at:
  • Call 1-800-567-7084
  • Web sites: www.eccc.org
    • ECR : www.ecr.ca
    • EFR : www.efrcanada.org
    • ECRx : www.eccc.org/ecrx/
  • E-mail RatnaJ@eccc.org
application considerations for shipping container codes

Application Considerations for Shipping Container Codes

Rich Mondoux

Director, Customer Service and ECR

J. M. Schneider Inc.

barcoding cartons why do it
BARCODING CARTONS:WHY DO IT?
  • No choice if you supply the major retail distributors…
  • Food Service is about one year away.
  • BENEFITS:
    • Data Collection in Manufacturing
    • Supports Auto-palletizing
    • Warehouse Management Systems….
      • Receiving
      • Pick Verification
      • Weight Capture
      • Tracking Information
      • Enhanced, Faster Cycle Counting
barcoding cartons why do it54
BARCODING CARTONS:WHY DO IT?
  • Can reduce labor:
    • Manufacturing Staff: stamping / marking cartons
    • Much faster and more accurate picking of variable weight items.
  • Simplifies Creation of SSCC-18’s and ASN’s, particularly for mixed pallets.
when the scc 14 is not enough
When the SCC-14 is not enough…...
  • Encoding additional data:
    • Required information
    • Application-related additional information
    • Limitations
appending other data to the scc 14
APPENDING OTHER DATA TO THE SCC-14
  • THE SCC-14 MAY NOT BE ENOUGH TO FULLY IDENTIFY A CARTON:
    • Necessary qualifiers
  • YOU MAY WANT TO INCLUDE OTHER INFORMATION, EITHER FOR INTERNAL USE OR FOR YOUR CUSTOMERS:
    • Optional qualifiers
four data items are encoded
FOUR DATA ITEMS ARE ENCODED
  • (01) 90062000530584The SCC-14
  • (3102) 000887 Its Weight
  • (15) 970804 Its Best Before Date
  • (21) 003535 A Carton Serial Number
appending other data to the scc 1459
APPENDING OTHER DATA TO THE SCC-14
  • OTHER USAGES:
      • Product Variant…. e.g. couponing
      • Count:…. Variable number of inner items
      • Batch or Lot Number… internal / external tracking
limitations
Limitations
  • Maximum number of characters: 48
  • Maximum bar code length: 6.5 inches
  • All-numeric data results in a shorter barcode
pre print vs print on demand
Pre-Print vs. Print on Demand
  • Print at point of carton manufacture:
    • Interleaved 2 of 5 symbology: no additional data needed
    • Product-specific carton
    • Very inexpensive; as many panels as desired
  • Label vs. direct carton printing:
    • UCC-128 Symbology?
    • Other concurrent printing needs?
    • Operating environment?
    • Equipment availability and costs?
when to print and apply
When to print and apply?
  • Use engineering and production staff to link the business needs to the process needs
  • As simple as possible!
    • At point of carton manufacture
    • During carton assembly process
    • On the production line….
      • upstream
      • at point of fill
      • downstream pre-palletizer
getting help
GETTING HELP
  • On-demand / online printer suppliers will come in to your plant and test their equipment in your environment and application…
    • You don’t need to make decisions in a vacuum!
  • Packaging design people have also developed much knowledge… link them to your QA and Production team to develop layouts & processes
    • Caveat: You will find that biases and mis-information abound, so look for second opinions if you’re not convinced.
watch outs
WATCH-OUTS!
  • How many carton panels? As many as is cost-efficient….
    • except for pre-printed, cost per extra panel is high
    • Minimum standard is 1 side only
    • Allow for 2-side printing in any production line changes
  • Placement and accuracy:
    • rules are geared to conveyorized scanning….
    • consider your customer base as you decide how accurately you apply a bar code, both location and orientation.
watch outs65
WATCH-OUTS!
  • The X-dimension…
    • generally, the larger the bars and spaces, the better it reads. UCC-128 bar codes are inherently more difficult to read than I 2/5…. require crisp transitions.
    • You will likely be trying to read the bar code in a warehouse environment, and often many weeks after the label was first printed.
    • In UCC-128, the minimum X-dimension of 10 mils will work only in ideal conditions; a good rule of thumb is a minimum of 15 mils.
additional factors affecting implementation
Additional factors affecting implementation
  • TIMING:
    • Planning:
      • Can be several months….
      • Need to assess fixed vs. variable data; information required; other concurrent print needs; where in the production process to apply barcodes
      • Team can include production managers, work teams, maintenance, engineering, your label specialist
      • Select an outside supplier early (who will end up as part of your planning team).
additional factors affecting implementation67
Additional factors affecting implementation
  • Implementing:
    • Database creation and maintenance
    • Physical production line changes, installation, and testing
    • Training: operators, supervision, maintenance
    • Testing and Tuning
  • While simple applications can be developed and implemented over a few weeks, anything involving production line modifications will often take 90 days per application… after the first one!
additional factors affecting implementation68
Additional factors affecting implementation
  • Budgets:
    • Varies a great deal with the application
    • Some Rules of Thumb….
      • very easy to exceed $50,000 per application; equipment such as scales are additional.
      • a carton can be ink jet sprayed for 1 to 2 cents, including equipment lease and consumables; when printing on labels, expect about 3 times the cost.
additional factors affecting implementation69
Additional factors affecting implementation
  • Confirmation and Verification:
    • in any automated environment, include a simple scanner to confirm the presence of a readable correct bar code… they are inexpensive and very worthwhile.
    • shipping container bar codes must meet an ANSI grade of ‘D’ on corrugate and ‘C’ on labels when scanned… set standards high enough to ensure a ‘C’ at the end of the carton’s useful life.
    • develop a verification program which tests samples of bar codes regularly during the production day… and empower your production workers to shut down the line if they fail.
verification procedures
Verification procedures
  • Our Verification Program:
    • Scan completed cartons (online) to confirm that a bar code is indeed there, and that its content is correct.
    • Team leader or QA person verifies a sample at least twice per shift, and after each change in label roll; maintains a QA log.
    • Weekly samples from every line at every plant are randomly selected and sent to central QA for verification and logging.
    • Spot checks are done in the warehouse in addition to scanning during the receiving process.
bar code quality deteriorates at a surprising rate
BAR CODE QUALITY DETERIORATES AT A SURPRISING RATE!
  • Training and Maintenance:
    • cleaning and tuning print heads and mechanisms must be part of daily Standard Operating Procedures
    • lead hand or maintenance person must understand print quality issues, know how to spot a problem, measure and adjust equipment
    • all labels are not created equal! Find a label stock which works with the particular printer in the operating environment… and stick to it. The 1/4 cent per label your buyer can save will be wasted many times over in the plant!