Heidi Erstad and Peg Mazeika , Technical Assistance Coordinators Wisconsin RtI Center Bridget Blask , Rachel Blum, and Leslie Connors Franklin Elementary School, West Allis-West Milwaukee School District. 2013 PBIS Conference . Fidelity of Instruction and Intervention.
Heidi Erstad and Peg Mazeika, Technical Assistance CoordinatorsWisconsin RtI Center
Bridget Blask, Rachel Blum, and Leslie ConnorsFranklin Elementary School, West Allis-West Milwaukee School District
Fidelity of Instruction and Intervention
An organizational frameworkthat
guides implementation of a multi-level system of support
toachieve academic and behavioral success
Some working definitions for this presentation:
*Adapted from National Center on RtI, n.d; Forbush, et al, 2009; Dunst, et al, 2008
Sticking to the plan; Using “active ingredients”
Modified from O’Donnell, 2008
Use of “best practices”
Teachers follow schoolwide schedule of lessons and format (Cool tools, videos). Teachers follow classroom lessons.
All students introduced via ‘School-wide Kick-Off’ and building & classroom matrices. Ongoing scheduled lessons, frequency and grouping occur based on data.
Use of student modeling, examples/non-examples, frequent positive acknowledgement, teaching/re-teaching. Culturally responsive practices used.
All students engaged in content, working toward schoolwide or classroom goals
Staff implement intervention based on re-teaching Schoolwide Matrix or identified skills. Duration and time frame defined by research, student response data. Students attend sessions.
Staff implement core components of interventions according to design and data based need.
Staff deliver planned content according to age and needs of students with progress monitoring.
Students actively engaged throughout interventions working toward group or individual goals
Staff follow predetermined duration and frequency based on team-developed individualized student plan to address student’s needs
Staff adhere to individualized student plan and collect data to determine effectiveness
Staff adjust instruction based on student responsiveness to plan / according to student data
Student actively engaged throughout interventions working on individualized goals
“Only when effective practices are fully implemented should we expect positive outcomes.
Blasé & Fixsen, 2005
(Protheroe, N., 2008)
Research-based practices inform when and how they interact with students and stakeholders, but it is the person who delivers the intervention through words and actions.
Your staff arethe intervention!
Wallace, et al, 2008
Don’t skimp on professional learning!
Joyce & Showers, 2002
Don’t skimp on supportive structures!
Resources to Support and Measure Fidelity of Instruction and Intervention
Franklin Elementary School, West Allis-West Milwaukee School District:
Dunst, C. J., Trivette, C. M., McInerney, M., Holland-Coviello, R., Masiello, T., Helsel, F., & Robyak, A. (2008). Measuring training and practice fidelity in capacity-building scaling-up initiatives.CELLpapers, 3(1), 1-11. Available http://www.earlyliteracylearning.org/cellpapers/cellpapers_v3_n1.pdf.
Forbus, D., Milbank C., & Hughes, J. (2011). Maximizing Student Outcomes – What does Instructional fidelity have To Do With It? EssentialEducator.org
Johnson, E., Mellard, D., Fuchs, D. & McKnight, M. (2006). Responsiveness to intervention (RTI): How to do it. Lawrence, KS: National Research Center on Learning Disabilities
Leonard-Barton, D. & Kraus, W. (1985). Implementing new technology. Harvard Business Review. 6, 102 – 110.
Mellard, D., (2010). Fidelity of implementation within a Response to Intervention (RtI) framework: Tools for schools. National Center on Response to Intervention.
National Center on RtI. (2009). Fidelity of implementation within an RtI framework. Available http://www.rti4success.org/pdf/FidelityImplementation_10-20-09_FINAL.pdf
National Research Center on Learning Disabilities. (August, 2006). RtI manual: Fidelity of implementation. Available http://www.nrcld.org
North Dakota Department of Public Instruction. (n.d.). Fidelity of Implementation. Available http://www.dpi.state.nd.us/speced/personnel/fidelity.shtm
Protheroe, N., (2008). The impact of fidelity of implementation in effective standards-based instruction. Principal, 38 – 42.
SCRED. (2011). Implementation integrity within an RtI framework: Critical roles and tools for school psychologists. Available http://www.nasponline.org