First Conjugation Verbs, Present Tense. Lingua Latina I. What is a verb?. A verb can either function as a linking verb (i.e., “est” = “is” or “sunt” = “are”), or it can express action (i.e., “amant” = “they love” or “portant” = “they carry”). Ex.: Terra nova est . The land is new.
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Lingua Latina I
linking verb = links the subject “terra” with its predicate “nova”.
action verb = expresses what the subject “familiae” is doing in the sentence.
Many families love the new land.
Today, we will learn the present tense of Latin verbs. Present tense tells us that the action is happening now.
First, however, we must talk about person and number.
1st person: -o = “I” -mus = “we”
2nd person: -s = “you” -tis = “you”
3rd person: -t = “he/she/it” -nt = “they”
1st -o = “I” -mus = “we”
2nd -s = “you” -tis = “you”
3rd -t = “he/she/it” -nt = “they”
Go to the second principal part of the verb (the infinitive) and remove the –re:
Ex.:amo, amare, amavi, amatus, to love
remove the –re from amare = ama-
So, your stem for the verb amare is ama-.
1st amo = “I love” amamus = “we love”
2nd amas = “you love” amatis = “you love”
3rd amat = “he/she/it loves” amant = “they love”
You have just conjugated your first Latin verb in the present tense!
Nota Bene: Present tense means the action is taking place at the present time, or now.