First conjugation verbs present tense
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First Conjugation Verbs, Present Tense. Lingua Latina I. What is a verb?. A verb can either function as a linking verb (i.e., “est” = “is” or “sunt” = “are”), or it can express action (i.e., “amant” = “they love” or “portant” = “they carry”). Ex.: Terra nova est . The land is new.

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What is a verb
What is a verb?

  • A verb can either function as a linking verb (i.e., “est” = “is” or “sunt” = “are”), or it can express action (i.e., “amant” = “they love” or “portant” = “they carry”).

  • Ex.: Terra nova est. The land is new.

    linking verb = links the subject “terra” with its predicate “nova”.

What is a verb con t
What is a verb? (con’t)

  • Ex.: Familiae multae terram novam amant.

    action verb = expresses what the subject “familiae” is doing in the sentence.

    Many families love the new land.

What is tense
What is tense?

  • The tense of a verb tells when, or what time, the action is happening.

    Today, we will learn the present tense of Latin verbs. Present tense tells us that the action is happening now.

    First, however, we must talk about person and number.

What is person
What is person?

  • The person a verb tells who or what is doing the action of that verb. In Latin, as in English, there are three different persons.

    1st person: -o = “I” -mus = “we”

    2nd person: -s = “you” -tis = “you”

    3rd person: -t = “he/she/it” -nt = “they”

Personal endings
Personal Endings

  • The endings you just saw on the previous slide are referred to in Latin as the personal endings because they tell who or what is doing the action. In other words, they tell what person the verb is. Notice that each ending in Latin corresponds to a specific English pronoun.

What is number
What is number?

  • The number of a Latin verb indicates whether that verb is singular or plural. In other words, it tells us whether the subject of our verb is just one person or thing (singular) or more than one (plural).


    1st -o = “I” -mus = “we”

    2nd -s = “you” -tis = “you”

    3rd -t = “he/she/it” -nt = “they”

How to find a verb s stem
How to find a verb’s stem.

  • Just as with nouns, you will also learn how to find the stem of a verb:

    Go to the second principal part of the verb (the infinitive) and remove the –re:

    Ex.:amo, amare, amavi, amatus, to love


How to find a verb s stem con t
How to find a verb’s stem. (con’t)

  • Amare = to love

    remove the –re from amare = ama-

    So, your stem for the verb amare is ama-.

How to conjugate a verb
How to conjugate a verb.

  • Now, take the verb “amo” and conjugate it using the endings you have learned today:

    Sing. Pl.

    1st amo = “I love” amamus = “we love”

    2nd amas = “you love” amatis = “you love”

    3rd amat = “he/she/it loves” amant = “they love”


You have just conjugated your first Latin verb in the present tense!

Nota Bene: Present tense means the action is taking place at the present time, or now.