Regular present tense verbs
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Regular Present Tense Verbs. Let’s talk about English verbs before discussing Spanish verbs. In both English and Spanish, there are six persons: I we (you & I, Juan & I) you you all (you & your friend) he, she, it they (Juan & Maria) (Juan, Maria, the book).

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Regular present tense verbs

Let’s talk about English verbs before discussing Spanish verbs. In both English and Spanish, there are six persons:

I we (you & I, Juan & I)

you you all (you & your friend)

he, she, it they (Juan & Maria)

(Juan, Maria, the book)


Regular present tense verbs

All persons have their own verb form: verbs. In both English and Spanish, there are six persons:

I am we are

you are you all are

he, she, it is they are

It would be incorrect to say “I are” or “you is” or “we am.” You have to use a particular verb form with a particular subject.


Regular present tense verbs

Here are the Spanish pronouns that correspond to the English pronouns:

I we yo nosotros

you you all tú vosotros

he, she, it they él, ella ellos


Regular present tense verbs

Here you have the verb “to talk” with the English subject pronouns:

I talk we talk

you talk you all talk

he, she, it talks they talk

Now look at the Spanish verb “hablar,” which means “to talk”:

yo hablo nosotros hablamos

tú hablas vosotros habláis

él, ella habla ellos hablan


Regular present tense verbs

Let’s look at how we get all those verb forms: subject pronouns:

yo hablo nosotros hablamos

tú hablas vosotros habláis

él, ella habla ellos hablan

What you do is take off the –ar and add the following endings:

-o -amos

-as -áis

-a -an


Regular present tense verbs

- subject pronouns:o -amos

-as -áis

-a -an

That’s how you conjugate any verb that ends with –ar:

nadar (to swim)llegar (to arrive)

nado nadamos llego llegamos

nadas nadáis llegas llegáis

nada nadan llega llegan


Regular present tense verbs

There’s one more thing you need to know before you’re ready for a practice exercise. A lot of languages have different ways to say “you” because you show more respect to some people than to others. In the southern U.S., the way we do that is by saying “ma’am” and “sir.” Spanish does it by having two ways to say “you” and two ways to say “you all.”

“Tú” means “you” when you’re talking to a friend.

“Usted” (abbreviated “Ud.”) means “you” when you’re talking to someone older or in authority, someone you call “Mr.” or “Mrs.” or “Dr.” rather than by the person’s first name.

“Vosotros” means “you all” when you’re talking to a group of friends.

“Ustedes” (abbreviated “Uds.”) means “you all” when you’re talking to a group of people who are older or in authority.


Regular present tense verbs

Now look how “Ud.” and “Uds.” fit into the verb paradigm:

yo hablo nosotros hablamos

tú hablas vosotros habláis

él, ella, Ud. habla ellos, Uds. hablan

In spite of the fact that Ud., like tú, means “you,” it doesn’t get the same verb that tú gets. It gets the verb that él gets.

Likewise, in spite of the fact that Uds., like vosotros, means “you all,” it doesn’t get the verb that vosotros gets. It gets the verb that ellos gets.


Regular present tense verbs

Click paradigm:here to go to a practice exercise.


Regular present tense verbs

There are two other types of regular verbs in Spanish: verbs that end in –er and verbs that end in –ir. Take off the –er and then add the following endings:

comer (to eat)

-o -emos como comemos

-es -éis comes coméis

-e -en come comen

Notice that the only difference between –er verbs and –ar verbs is that you use e’s instead of a’s:

-o -amos -o -emos

-as -áis -es -éis

-a -an -e -en


Regular present tense verbs

Now for –ir verbs. Drop the –ir and add the following endings:

abrir (to open)

-o -imos abro abrimos

-es -ís abres abrís

-e -en abre abren

Do you see what the difference is between –er and –ir verbs? They’re just alike except for the nosotros and vosotros forms:

-o -emos -o -imos

-es -éis -es -ís

-e -en -e -en


Regular present tense verbs

So the only difference between –ar verbs and –er verbs is that you use e’s instead of a’s in the –er verbs. And the only difference between –er verbs and –ir verbs is the nosotros and vosotros forms.


Regular present tense verbs

Click is that you use e’s instead of a’s in the –er verbs. And the only difference between –er verbs and –ir verbs is the here to go to a practice exercise.