Catholic (Counter) Reformation. Mr. Hawthorne Western Civilization. What were the goals of the Catholic Reformation?. 1. Counter Protestant challenges 2. Eliminate many abuses 3. Clarify theology 4. Re-establish pope’s authority over church members. What Steps Did They Take to Reform?.
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1. Counter Protestant challenges
2. Eliminate many abuses
3. Clarify theology
4. Re-establish pope’s authority over church members
-Goal=find & judge heretics (Protestants)
-Restore pope’s power through oppression
-censored humanist ideas (banned books)
-ordeals: “Trial of Cross,” Trial of Hot Water”, & “Trial of Cold Water”
Peter Paul Rubens
The Elevation of the Cross
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Public square in front of St. Peter’s Basilica – Rome (1656-67)